Mihai Suțu

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Mihai Draco Suțu (Greek: Μιχαήλ Δράκος Σούτζος) was a Prince of Moldavia between 1792 and 1795. A member of the Soutzos family of Phanariotes, he was the uncle of Mihail Suţu, himself a ruler of Moldavia between 1819 and 1821.

Third ruler of Wallachia[edit]

His predecessor, Alexandru Moruzi, frightened by the incursions of Osman Pazvantoğlu asked to be dismissed and for that, he paid money to the Ottoman authorities. In April 1801, Pazvantoğlu's troops continued their raids in Wallachia under the command of Manef Ibrahim, defeating the Ottoman Army despite having only a thousand horsemen, compared to the Ottoman side which had 8,000 troops.[1]

They took Râmnicu Vâlcea, Govora and moved toward Bucharest. By May 15, 1802 most of the inhabitants of the city fled toward Brașov and Vălenii de Munte.[2]

On May 18, the Albanian and Turkish troops of Bucharest asked for their payment and Suțu promised them to pay in two days, after which he left to Colentina, outside the city. The boyars, who were supposed to wait for Suțu, heard rumours about unrest at the Royal Court and thought that Suțu was killed, so they left toward Moldavia. Suțu, having not found the boyars at the Ghica house of Colentina, left for Transylvania.[3]

As Bimbașa Sava, the commander of the Bucharest garrison, saw that Suțu left without paying them, he started following Suțu. This left Bucharest without any troops, allowing tramps to organize in gangs which robbed the Royal Court. Their leader, Melanos, took the royal hat and marched on the streets of Bucharest, wanting to set Bucharest on fire, which was prevented by the intervention of a Turkish unit from Cotroceni.[4]

Due to his exile, Suțu was deposed by the Ottomans in the summer of 1802.

Preceded by
Nicolae Caradja
Prince of Wallachia
1783–1786
Succeeded by
Nicolae Mavrogheni
Preceded by
Habsburg occupation
Prince of Wallachia
1791–1793
Succeeded by
Alexandru Moruzi
Preceded by
Alexandru Moruzi
Prince of Wallachia
1801–1802
Succeeded by
Alexandru Suțu
Preceded by
Alexandru Moruzi
Prince of Moldavia
1792–1795
Succeeded by
Alexandru Callimachi

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ionescu, p.255
  2. ^ Ionescu, p.255-256
  3. ^ Ionescu, p.257
  4. ^ Ionescu, p.258

References[edit]

  • Ștefan Ionescu, Bucureștii în vremea fanarioților ("Bucharest in the Time of the Phanariotes"), Editura Dacia, Cluj, 1974.