Mykhajlo Levitsky

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His Eminence
Mykhajlo Levitsky
Metropolitan of Lviv
M levyckyj.jpg
Church Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church
Appointed 8 March 1816
Term ended 14 January 1858
Predecessor Antin Angelovych
Successor Hryhory Yakhymovych
Orders
Ordination 1798 (Priest)
Consecration 20 Sept 1813 (Bishop)
by Antin Angelovych
Created Cardinal 16 June 1856
Personal details
Born 17 February 1774
Lanchyn, in Pokuttya
Died 14 January 1858(1858-01-14) (aged 83)
Univ Lavra

Mykhajlo Levitsky (or Mykhailo Levytskyi,(Ukrainian: Михайло Левицький, Polish: Michał Lewicki; 17 February, 1774 – 14 January, 1858) was the Metropolitan Archbishop of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church from 1816 until his death in 1858 and a Cardinal of the Catholic Church.

Life[edit]

Mykhajlo Levitsky was born on 17 February 1774[1] at Lanchyn, in Pokuttya region. He studied philosophy and theology in Lviv and later in Vienna where, after his (Priestly) ordination in 1798, he entered in force to the Greek Catholic parish of the St. Barbara and where he got a doctorate in theology. Returned to Galicia, became prefect of the Lviv Theological Seminary and later Professor of Scripture and Pastoral Theology at the University of Lviv.[2]

In 1813 he was appointed bishop of the Archeparchy of Przemyśl and so consecrated Bishop on 20 September 1813 by Metropolitan Antin Angelovych.[3] He participated to the Congress of Vienna

On 17 August 1815 Mykhajlo Levitsky was designed Metropolitan of Lviv by Emperor Francis II of Austria and so confirmed by Pope Pius VII on 8 March 1816.

He founded 383 parochial schools, cared for the publication of textbooks for them, and he supported the creation of educational associations of priests. Together with John Mohylnytskym he sought the introduction of teaching in the Ukrainian language in schools in Eastern Galicia. Later defined as conservative, he was close to the Polish gentry circles, and enemy of modern trends in social and cultural life. During the revolution of 1848, he supported the creation of the Supreme Ruthenian Council, which supported the Ukrainophile and pro-Hasburg positions of the Western Ukrainian Clergy, and encouraged the clergy to work on the education of the people

On 16 June 1856 he was created Cardinal priest by Pope Pius IX. He died in the Univ Lavra on 14 January 1858.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ on 16 August 1774 according to other sources
  2. ^ Pelesz, Julian (1881). Geschichte der Union der ruthenischen Kirche mit Rom. Woerl. pp. 899, 950. 
  3. ^ "Mihail (Mychajlo) Cardinal Lewicki (Levyckyj)". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  4. ^ Salvador Miranda. "(40) 1. LEWICKI, Mihail". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved 2 April 2011.