Mihrişah Valide Sultan

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Mihrişah Valide Sultan
Mihriah valide sultan trbesi 7 copy.jpg
The türbe (mausoleum) of Mihrişah Valide Sultan
Born Agnès (probably "აგნესა/Agnesa")
c. 1745
Caucasia
Died 16 October 1805
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Ethnicity Georgian
Known for Valide Sultan
Religion Eastern Orthodoxy at birth, converted to Islam after her capture
Spouse(s) Mustafa III
Children Selim III

Mihrişah Sultan (fully Devletli İsmetli Mihrişah Valide Sultan Aliyyetü'ş-şân Hazretleri; birthname Agnès, also known by her epithet Gürcü Güzeli[1][2] meaning "Georgian Beauty", (c. 1745 – 16 October 1805) was a Georgian[3][4][5][6] consort to Ottoman Sultan Mustafa III. She was the mother of Sultan Selim III[7][8] of the Ottoman Empire and his de facto co-regent as the Valide Sultan for sixteen years from 1789 until 1805.

Biography[edit]

Dome of the mausoleum of Mihrişah Sultan

Mihrişah was of Georgian origin,[9][10] the daughter of a Georgian Orthodox priest.[11][12] She is described as a willing protagonist of the reforms of her son's reign. She was especially preoccupied in reforming the military schools and establishing diplomatic corps. She occasionly approached her son to beg a favour or an act of mercy. She founded many schools and mosques in the 1790s. In 1795, she founded the Mihrişah Valide Sultan School and Külliye in the region of Eyüp in Istanbul. In 1805, she ordered the construction of the Mihrişah Valide Sultan Fountain in Yeniköy in İstanbul. The imaret, which was built by the order of Mihrişah, is still in working order.

"Mihr-î-Şah" means "Sun (lit. endearment, affection, and clemency) of the Sultan". She was the subject of a poem. Mihrişah Valide Sultan and her son Selim III were both the members of Sufi Whirling Mystics, known as the Legendary Sufi Whirling Dervishes.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ İsmail Hakkı Uzunçarşılı, Publications de la Société d'histoire turque: XIII sér, Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi, 1961, pp. 13, 16.
  2. ^ Osman Horata, Esrâr Dede: hayatı, şiir dünyası ve dı̂vânı, T.C. Kültür Bakanlığı, 1998, p. 60.
  3. ^ "The Ottomans, Sultan III". TheOttomans.org Mr. Korkut Ozgen. Retrieved 2011-11-09. 
  4. ^ Albert Habib Hourani, Philip Shukry Khoury, Mary Christina Wilson, The Modern Middle East: A Reader, University of California Press, 1993, ISBN 0520082400, 9780520082403, p. 42.
  5. ^ İsmail Hakkı Uzunçarşılı, Enver Ziya Karal, Osmanlı tarihi: cilt. Karal, E.Z. Nizam-ı Cedit ve Tanzimat devirleri, 1789-1856 (1957), Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi, 1961, pp. 13, 16.
  6. ^ Necati Elgin, Üçüncü Sultan Selim (Ilhâmî), Yildiz Basimevi, 1959, p. 9.
  7. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, pages 364–385, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  8. ^ "Sultan III. Selim Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  9. ^ Gábor Ágoston,Bruce Alan Masters, Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire, Infobase Publishing, 2009, ISBN 1438110251, 9781438110257, p. 514.
  10. ^ M. Th Houtsma, E.J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam 1913-1936, BRILL, 1987, ISBN 9004082654, 9789004082656, p. 1117.
  11. ^ H. Mirgül Eren Griffe, Galip Ali Paşa Rızvanbegovic-Stocevic, Babil, 2005, p. 55.
  12. ^ Y. İzzettin Barış, Osmanlı padişahlarının yaşamlarından kesitler, hastalıkları ve ölüm sebepleri, Bilimsel Tıp Yayınevi, 2002, ISBN 9756986174, 9789756986172, pp. 184, 191.

External links[edit]

Succession[edit]

Ottoman royalty
Preceded by
Şehsuvar Sultan
Valide Sultan
7 April 1789 – 16 October 1805
Succeeded by
Ayşe Seniyeperver Sultan