Miike coal mine

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Miike coal mine (三池炭鉱 Miike Tankō?), also known as the Mitsui Miike Coal Mine (三井三池炭鉱 Mitsui Miike Tankō?), was the largest coal mine in Japan,[1] located in the area of Ōmuta, Fukuoka and Arao, Kumamoto, Japan.

History[edit]

Mining began in the region during the Kyoho era, with the Miike mine being under the control of the Tachibana clan.[2]

The mine was nationalised in 1872[3] by the Meiji government.[4] The Mitsui zaibatsu took control in 1899.[5]

The mine closed in 1997,[6] with devastating effects on the local economy.[1]

Labour dispute[edit]

From 1960 to 1962 the mine was involved in a much-reported labor dispute which divided the workers and involved violent strike-breaking actions.

Disaster[edit]

In 1963 an explosion resulted in the deaths of 458 people, 438 of whom died from carbon monoxide poisoning.[3][7]

Legacy[edit]

The Miike mine was the subject of a Japanese documentary, Echoes from the Miike Mine (2006), directed by Hiroko Kumagai.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Karan, P.P. & Stapleton, K.E. (1997) The Japanese city p.181 University Press of Kentucky ISBN 0-8131-2035-7 Retrieved January 2012.
  2. ^ Norman, E.H. & Woods, L.T. (2000) Japan's emergence as a modern state: political and economic problems of the Meiji period p.59. UBC Press ISBN 0-7748-0822-5 Retrieved January 2012.
  3. ^ a b Industrial pollution in Japan Chapter - 5 The Miike coal-mine explosion
  4. ^ Norman & Woods, (2000) p.121.
  5. ^ Karan, P.P. & Stapleton, K.E. (1997) The Japanese city p.9. University Press of Kentucky ISBN 0-8131-2035-7 Retrieved January 2012.
  6. ^ Workers get the shaft in Mitsui coal mine closure Asahi Shimbun, 18 February 1997
  7. ^ Kawabata, Tai, "Film mines rich seams of history", Japan Times, 14 August 2011, p. 8.
  8. ^ Tomoda, Yoshiyuki (November 2010). "Nihon no tankō eigashi to Miike". Gengo bunka kenkyū (in Japanese) 22 (2): 21–37. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°00′50″N 130°27′22″E / 33.014°N 130.456°E / 33.014; 130.456