Mike's Place suicide bombing

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Memorial for victims of the bombing
Mike's Place suicide bombing
Part of the Second Intifada militancy campaign
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Mike's Place

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The attack site
Location Tel Aviv, Israel
Coordinates 32°4′38.22″N 34°46′0.57″E / 32.0772833°N 34.7668250°E / 32.0772833; 34.7668250
Date April 30, 2003
12:45 am
Attack type
Suicide attack
Deaths 3 Israeli civilians (+ 1 bomber)
Non-fatal injuries
+50 civilians
Perpetrators Hamas and Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed joint responsibility

The Mike's Place suicide bombing was a Palestinian suicide attack, perpetrated by British Muslims, on a bar in Tel Aviv, Israel, on April 30, 2003, killing three civilians and wounding 50.

History of Mike's Place[edit]

In 1992, Michael Vigodda, a photojournalist, opened Mike's Place in downtown Jerusalem. Vigodda named the bar after another bar called "Mike's Place" located at the Carleton University Student's Center in Ottawa, Ontario. This was, in turn, named after former Canadian Prime Minister and statesman Lester B. "Mike" Pearson,[1] who won the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize for his role in defusing the Suez Crisis.

In 1995, Assaf Ganzman, an Israeli blues musician, vocalist for a band called SOBO became an owner of the bar after Vigodda returned to Canada.[citation needed]

In 1999, the bar moved to Jerusalem's Russian Compound and in 2005 to Jaffa Road. In 2001, a second branch was opened in Tel Aviv, next to the American Embassy. The Jerusalem branch closed on January 4, 2009, when the 19th century building in which it was housed was demolished.[2] In October 2010, Mike's Place re-opened in Jerusalem at a new location also on Jaffa Road. The Jerusalem branch is the first Mike's Place Franchise, owned and operated by Jerusalem Architect Reuben Beiser. As of February 2012, there are 5 branches of Mike's Place: Tel Aviv,Tayelet; Tel Aviv,Ramat HaHayal; Tel Aviv, Disengoff; Jerusalem; Herzliya. A 6th Mike's Place is being prepared for opening in Eilat.

Preparations for the attack[edit]

After the attack it was revealed that the two assailants entered Israel from Jordan, via the Allenby Bridge.[3]

In addition, after the attack it was revealed that the two assailants reached the scene of the attack from a nearby hotel where they had rented a room several hours earlier. A search was conducted in the assailants hotel room in which the investigators discovered an elastic belt, explosives and a map of downtown Tel Aviv, on which several crowded venues, including Mike's Place, were clearly marked.[3]

The attack[edit]

Mike's Place a few days after the suicide bombing

At 12:45 am on April 30, 2003, the suicide bomber approached Mike's Place and blew himself up at the entrance. The force of the blast killed three people and injured over 50 people. One of the wounded was security guard Avi Tabib, who managed to block the suicide bomber, preventing him from entering the bar and causing further fatalities.[4]

Fatalities[edit]

Critically injured[edit]

Failed second bombing[edit]

Memorial for victims of the bombing

Immediately after the first attack the other suicide bomber who was carrying a concealed explosive belt, was supposed to carry out another attack but his explosive device failed to detonate. This second suicide bomber, who may have been injured at that point from the explosion, threw away his explosive belt and fled the scene. He reached the David Intercontinental Hotel in the Menashiya residential neighborhood of Jaffa and struggled with the security guard at the entrance trying to steal his ID, but he did not manage to do so.[citation needed]

The body of the second suicide bomber was washed ashore on the Tel Aviv beachfront on May 12 and was eventually identified on May 19, 2003. Forensic experts said he had drowned.[9]

An examination of the unexploded bomb discarded by Omar Khan Sharif showed that it had been hidden in a book and contained standard explosives.[citation needed]

The perpetrators[edit]

After the attack the Palestinian terrorist groups Hamas and Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed joint responsibility for the attack. In addition, Hamas spokesman identified the perpetrators as British Muslims Asif Muhammad Hanif, 22, from London and Omar Khan Sharif, 27, from Derby.

Subsequent related events[edit]

Despite the events of that day, the bar reopened on Yom Haatzmaut, Israeli Independence Day.[10]

ISM visit controversy[edit]

On 25 April, five days before the attack, Hanif and Sharif had visited International Solidarity Movement (ISM) office, and after chatting for 15 minutes with an ISM volunteer, the men joined a group of 20 people to lay flowers at the site of Rachel Corrie's death for 10 minutes.[11][12][13]

ISM said activists Hanif and Sharif appeared to be "typical Brits."[14] An ISM volunteer reported that the bombers had been among a group of 'alternative tourists' who were offered tea when they paid an unscheduled visit to an ISM office on the way to a memorial for Rachel Corrie.[15]

Cultural references[edit]

A documentary called Blues by the Beach, about the Tel Aviv Mike's Place, the suicide attack at the bar, and the people affected by it, was directed by American-Israeli filmmaker Joshua Faudem and produced by Jack Baxter, who is a Catholic American who moved to Israel after making the film.[10]

The Jerusalem branch appears in the film The Holy Land, about a wayward Yeshiva student. The director, Eitan Gorlin, worked as one of the bar's first bartenders in 1994.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Carleton University#Mike's Place
  2. ^ Zohar, Gil (January 8, 2009). "Here's looking at you - one last time". Jerusalem Post (Jerusalem, Israel). Retrieved January 11, 2009. "Though the Nahalat Shiva bar had 36 months remaining on its eight-year lease, last fall the landlord Darinel Business Inc. invoked a demolition clause in that agreement to force the bar out." 
  3. ^ a b http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/Government/Communiques/2003/Details+of+April+30-+2003+Tel+Aviv+suicide+bombing.htm
  4. ^ Khazzoom, Loolwa (2003-09-29). "Tel Aviv bar and bomb target slowly getting its groove back". jewishsf.com. Retrieved 2008-01-14. 
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ [2]
  7. ^ [3]
  8. ^ [4]
  9. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3039671.stm
  10. ^ a b Myre, Greg (2003-05-08). "Tel Aviv Journal; Shunning Tragedy, Filmmaker Is Caught in One". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-18. 
  11. ^ Radical Islam rising: Muslim extremism in the West, Quintan Wiktorowicz, Rowman & Littlefield, 2005, page 1.
  12. ^ http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/pages/ShArt.jhtml?itemNo=293354 Haaretz
  13. ^ http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/activists-face-deportation-after-suicide-bombing-537917.html The Independent
  14. ^ Bomb Britons "visited Gaza", BBC News, May 5, 2003; Malik, Shiv. NS Profile - Omar Sharif, New Statesman, April 25, 2006.
  15. ^ Alon, Gideon (2003-05-15). "MKs in a huff over ISM peace activists". Ha'aretz. Retrieved 2008-01-14. 
  16. ^ Hansen, Suzy (2003-07-22). "Rebel from the yeshiva". salon.com. Retrieved 2008-01-14. 

External links[edit]