|Birth name||Michael Donald Chapman|
13 April 1947 |
Nambour, Queensland, Australia
|Occupation(s)||Songwriter, record producer|
Michael Donald "Mike" Chapman (born 13 April 1947, Nambour, Queensland, Australia) is an Australian record producer and songwriter who was a major force in the British pop music industry in the 1970s. He created a string of hit singles for artists including Sweet, Suzi Quatro, Smokie, Mud and Racey with co-writer and co-producer Nicky Chinn, creating a formularised sound that became identified with the "Chinnichap" brand. He later produced breakthrough albums for Blondie and The Knack.
Chapman was born in Queensland, Australia, and was educated at the Anglican Church Grammar School. He emigrated to Britain where he became a member of the Downliners Sect and then in 1968 joined the group Tangerine Peel. They released an album in 1969 and had several near-hit singles between 1967 and 1970. In 1970 met Nicky Chinn while working as a waiter at a London nightclub, Tramp. The pair struck up a song-writing partnership, and began working with producer Mickie Most on his RAK Records label, which quickly became home to a roster of artists including Suzi Quatro, Smokie, and Mud.
|“||We decided to meet someone who was making hit records instead of going round to publishers’ offices and playing our songs to people who didn’t know what they were talking about. I got hold of Mickie's home number because I thought a secretary might block the call at the office. His wife, Chris, put him on and I said, ‘We write hits and it would be great to meet up.’ Mickie said, ‘Okay, 11.30 tomorrow morning.’ We played him some songs, all of which he didn’t like, until the last one which was "Tom Tom Turnaround". He gave it to New World and it was a Top 5 record.||”|
Chapman and Chinn
From 1970 until 1978 Chapman and Chinn scored a run of hit singles. From 1973 to 1974 alone the pair had 19 hits in the Top 40 of the UK Singles Chart, including five number ones. The pair's dominance of the charts in Britain, Germany, Scandinavia, Australia and New Zealand outlasted the decline of Glam rock, and waned in line with the fading fortunes of Smokie and Suzi Quatro. The success of the Chinn-Chapman production partnership was challenged in the late 1980s by the Stock Aitken Waterman team.
Chapman exerted a tight grip on the output of the bands whose works he produced, determining the content of all albums. Some resented the level of control: The Sweet, whose interests lay in heavy rock, chafed at the teenybopper material Chapman gave them to perform, finally balking at some songs which did not fit in with their new direction and seeking success on their own; Chapman would later make the curious decision of offering "Some Girls" to Blondie; the song was eventually given to Racey instead. Deborah Harry has referred to Chapman as a dictator, and for the photo shoot for one magazine interview he insisted on dressing up as US wartime General George S. Patton, Jr.
Solo production work
Chinn's involvement in production was always minimal, and Chapman continued to produce alone after moving to the US in 1975. He produced Nick Gilder's City Nights album in 1978 (which yielded the "Hot Child in the City" hit) with Peter Coleman, his long-time recording engineer, and in May the same year began working with Blondie to record their third album in New York. Chapman was a fan of their music, but was dissatisfied with the production of their albums. He told the band bluntly he would make them a hit record and he was right: Parallel Lines turned the band into an international success and became arguably the pinnacle of his own career.
The Parallel Lines session lasted three months. Singer Deborah Harry was struck by the intensity of Chapman's working methods. She said:
|“||It was diametrically opposite from working with (former producer) Richard Gottehrer. He's very laid back and Mike is a real hot chili pepper and very energetic and enthusiastic. Mike would strive for the technically impeccable take so we would do take after take whereas Richard always went for the inspired take.||”|
Keyboardist Jimmy Destri recalled:
|“||He was a very good producer, a very good producer. He wasn't very technical, but he was very organic and he was a very good mixer on his own too. I mean he knew the console like nobody else I've ever seen. He would say things like ‘Jimmy, if you shut out the lights, I'll be able to EQ by ear’ without even looking at the console! He taught me a lot about making records, that's what Mike did. And he was another member of the band at that point, and he was just like in there with us. And from Parallel Lines and onwards, Mike was integral, he was really integral as we couldn't go in the studio without him. As far as the recording process of those albums, we all learned a lot from Mike.||”|
Employing the same skills he had applied to records by Smokie and Gilder, Chapman produced a more polished guitar and keyboard sound than the band had ever achieved, topped with layered vocals. The focal point of the album, and the breakthrough single, was Heart of Glass. The source of its driving disco beat is a matter of contention: Chapman claimed he had created the sound after the band had presented it as a slower, reggae-style song; band members insist it had always been known as its disco song and that they had arrived at the sound by combining the influences of Kraftwerk and Saturday Night Fever.
Chapman relished the praise heaped on his work on Parallel Lines, commenting soon after its release:
|“||There's loads of hits, it's a great album, but who gives a fuck. It's easy, you see. When we go into the studio, we go in and make hit records, and it just happens. We don't think about it. If you're going to be in the music business, you gotta make hit records. If you can't make hit records, you should fuck off and go chop meat somewhere.||”|
Within months of Parallel Lines' release, Chapman was working with another band for which he would achieve a career high-water mark: power pop outfit The Knack. The band's website notes that in November 1978, 13 record companies were engaged in a fierce bidding war for the band's services, with Capitol Records finally signing the band. Producers clamoured to offer their services and even Phil Spector was anxious to participate.
The website says:
|“||Chapman read an article in the LA Times which identified the producers the band most wanted to work with. His name wasn’t on the list. Sensing a blockbuster, Chapman convinced the band to allow him to produce and signed on. With a team now firmly in place, The Knack and Chapman entered the studio, eager to capture the energy of their live performances. While artists such as The Eagles and Fleetwood Mac were spending more than a year and a million dollars to produce an album, Get The Knack was recorded in just 11 days for a miserly $17,000. The Knack performed the songs "live" with minimal overdubs. Chapman basically hit the record button and let the band play.||”|
The album and the single My Sharona hit No.1 in the US and sold millions around the world. Its follow-up, ...But the Little Girls Understand, was less successful. Featuring a producer credit as "Commander Chapman" and liner notes in which Chapman boasted, "This record is very dear to me and my bank manager", it prompted a bitter falling-out between band and producer. Chapman claimed the album cost him his reputation. In the book Off the Record, Chapman said he and the band made the second album under the heady impression that they could do no wrong. He accused singer and guitarist Doug Fieger of being deluded with notions he was Jim Morrison or Buddy Holly ... "there was nothing he could do that wouldn't work". Fieger, in a 1994 interview, responded: "Mike Chapman is one of the bigger assholes that you'll ever meet on the planet. Unfortunately, Mike Chapman was not in any psychological or physical shape to produce that second album when we really needed a producer."
Chapman produced three more Blondie albums – Eat to the Beat, Autoamerican and The Hunter — and most of Def, Dumb and Blonde, a Deborah Harry solo album. In an article in Creem magazine Chris Stein marvelled at Chapman's attention to detail, noting that the percussion for "The Tide Is High" also included "eight tracks of drum sticks tapping on a piano bench." He said:
Chapman hunches over the console into the wee hours. People are pressed flat against the back wall by his playback volume. Gallons of Jose Cuervo Gold are consumed... Finally, the basic tracks wind down, and we move a block down the Strip to Studio B. The move marks the Home Stretch; the vocals, overdubs and finally the orchestral horns and what have you. Here is Mike Chapman's little Magic Room. The control room is filled with a gigantic blue console that's hooked up to computers, satellites and atomic submarines off the coast of Maine. Here the songs get the 'chrome' put on.
Chinn and Chapman delivered their songs rapidly, often conceiving and completing them overnight. They claimed they created their songs by first thinking of a title, around which they then wrote the lyrics.
In a 2002 interview with The Guardian, Chapman reflected that writing hit songs was an art to which many aspired but few achieved: "It's always a gamble. We'd written something like eight top 10 hits for Sweet when we heard that they'd entered the studio to record their own songs. After that, it was over for them. The bottom line is this – writing songs might be easy to do, but it's incredibly hard to do well."
Chapman remained in demand through the 1980s and 1990s as a songwriter and producer. His compositions have included Tina Turner's "The Best", "Better Be Good to Me" and "In Your Wildest Dreams" and Pat Benatar's "Love Is a Battlefield" (all co-written with Holly Knight) and Scandal's "Hands Tied" which was No. 41 in the US, while he has produced albums for Altered Images, Australian Crawl, Agnetha Fältskog, Scandal, Divinyls, Rod Stewart, Lita Ford, Pat Benatar, Baby Animals, Material Issue and Bow Wow Wow.
In 2006, he wrote "Back to the Drive", the title track of the Suzi Quatro Back to the Drive album. In the liner notes Quatro thanked Chapman "for providing the title track and overseeing the entire project".
In 2007, Chapman began working with the Los Angeles rock band, The Automatic Music Explosion. The band's lead singer, Matt Starr, flew to Chapman's East Coast home in an attempt to meet the producer. The bold move worked, with Chapman flying to Los Angeles a month later to see the band perform live and ultimately agreeing to produce their first album.
In January 2008, Chapman produced the single "Spin It" with The Neighborhood Bullys. In May 2008, Chapman began mixing songs from Your Doll, for Lisa Douglass. In September 2008, Chapman met Haim, and started producing an album with the band, which is still under construction. In November 2008, Chapman also started writing with, and producing a solo album for Sarah Jeanette, singer with The Mullhollands. In November 2009, Chapman recorded the debut album for UK band, The Arcadian Kicks, but its release is still pending. Between 2010 and 2012, Chapman has worked in London with Twigs, David Jordan, Nell Ryder and most recently, Polly Money. In November 2013, Chapman worked with the Birmingham (UK) band EKKAH. He is also writing with and producing tracks with the Australian singer/songwriter, Holiday Sidewinder. He is also working with Simon Pilton on various projects.
Chapman is currently producing an album with the Chicago-based all-girl band, Purple Apple, for release in early 2014.
Songs produced, or written and produced, by Chapman/Chinn or Chapman as sole producer which appeared on the UK Singles Chart:
- New World: "Tom Tom Turnaround", "Kara Kara"
- The Sweet: "Funny Funny", "Co-Co", "Alexander Graham Bell"
- The Sweet: "Poppa Joe", "Little Willy", "Wig-Wam Bam"
- New World: "Sister Jane"
- Mud: "Crazy", "Hypnosis", "Dyna-Mite"
- Suzi Quatro: "Can the Can", "48 Crash", "Daytona Demon"
- The Sweet: "Blockbuster", "Hellraiser", "Ballroom Blitz"
- Arrows: "Touch Too Much"
- Mud: "Tiger Feet", "The Cat Crept In", "Rocket", "Lonely This Christmas"
- Suzi Quatro: "Devil Gate Drive", "Too Big", "The Wild One"
- The Sweet: "Teenage Rampage", "The Sixteens", "Turn It Down"
- Mud: "The Secrets That You Keep", "Moonshine Sally" (originally recorded in 1972), "One Night"
- Suzi Quatro: "Your Mama Won’t Like Me"
- Smokie: "If You Think You Know How to Love Me", "Don't Play Your Rock 'n' Roll to Me"
- Smokie: "Something's Been Making Me Blue", "I'll Meet You at Midnight", "Living Next Door to Alice"
- Suzi Quatro: "Tear Me Apart"
- Smokie: "Lay Back In The Arms Of Someone", "It's Your Life", "Needles and Pins"
- Suzi Quatro: "The Race is On", "If You Can’t Give Me Love", "Stumblin' In" (with Chris Norman)
- Racey: "Lay Your Love on Me"
- Smokie: "For A Few Dollars More", "Oh Carol"
- Exile: "Kiss You All Over"
- Nick Gilder: "Hot Child in the City"
- Altered Images: "Don't Talk To Me About Love" (sole producer only), "Love To Stay" (sole producer only)
- Bow Wow Wow: "Do Ya Wanna Hold Me" (sole producer only)
- Huey Lewis and the News: "Heart and Soul"
- Pat Benatar: Love Is a Battlefield (co-written with Holly Knight)
- Tina Turner: "The Best" (co-written with Holly Knight), also reissued in 1993 as B-side to "I Don't Wanna Fight No More"
- "Chinn and Chapman". Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Oxford Music Online. 7 April 2006. Retrieved 29 January 2013. (subscription required)
- Mason, James (2011). Churchie: The Centenary Register. Brisbane, Australia: The Anglican Church Grammar School. ISBN 978-0-646-55807-3.
- Ankeny, Jason (15 April 1947). "Mike Chapman – Music Biography, Credits and Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- "Interview with Rob Davis, Sound on Sound website and magazine, 2002". Soundonsound.com. Retrieved 4 September 2010.
- "The Sweet Story", Live Music Magazine website[dead link]
- Brian Connolly obituary, The Independent, 11 February 1997[dead link]
- Paphides, Peter; Donovan, Miles (21 September 2002). "Musical Chairs". The Guardian (London). pp. C28–C33. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
- "Blondie: Still Dreaming". Mixonline.com. 1 May 1999. Retrieved 4 September 2010.
- "Basil, Toni". Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Oxford Music Online. 7 April 2006. Retrieved 29 January 2013. (subscription required)
- "New York Rocker, September 1978". 30 April 2007.
- "Fred Bronson, The Billboard Book of Number One Hits, Billboard, 1988". Superseventies.com. Retrieved 4 September 2010.
- Interview with Jimmy Destri, August 2003, The Big Takeover[dead link]
- ""Platinum Blondie: A tough rock group rises about the New Wave with a disco beat", by Jamie James, Rolling Stone, June 1979". Rolling Stone. 31 August 2010. Retrieved 4 September 2010.
- "Knack History". Knack.com. Retrieved 4 September 2010.
- [dead link]
- ""Blondie in LA" by Chris Stein, Creem, June 1981". 30 April 2007.
- "Ace of Base – Always Have, Always Will (CD) at Discogs". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- "Ace of Base – Travel To Romantis (CD) at Discogs". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- "SoundClick artist: Erin Evermore – Hot young temptress sings about parties and sex backed by powerhouse band. Songs written and produce". Soundclick.com. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- Thompson, Dave (14 March 2006). "Back to the Drive – Suzi Quatro : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- Buskin, Richard. "Modern Times: Mike Chapman Today". Sound on Sound magazine. Media House Cambridge UK. Retrieved June 2008.
- "The Neighborhood Bullys in the studio w/ Mike Chapman | Video Youtube – NMETV Latest Music Videos and Clips". Nme.Com. 24 February 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- "The Arcadian Kicks". One Beat Records. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- Fulton, Katherine. "the automatic music explosion". MTV. Retrieved June 2007.
- Wolfman, Jeff. "Automatic Fun with The Automatic Music Explosion". all access magazine. Retrieved 30 October 2008.