|44th Governor of Arkansas|
July 15, 1996 – January 8, 2007
|Lieutenant||Winthrop P. Rockefeller (1996–2006)
|Preceded by||Jim Guy Tucker|
|Succeeded by||Mike Beebe|
|12th Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas|
November 20, 1993 – July 15, 1996
|Governor||Jim Guy Tucker|
|Preceded by||Jim Guy Tucker|
|Succeeded by||Winthrop Paul Rockefeller|
|Chairman of the National Governors Association|
|Preceded by||Mark Warner|
|Succeeded by||Janet Napolitano|
|Born||Michael Dale Huckabee
August 24, 1955
Hope, Arkansas, U.S.
|Children||John Mark, David, and Sarah|
|Residence||Santa Rosa Beach, Florida, U.S.|
|Alma mater||Ouachita Baptist University
Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary
|Profession||Politician, author, public speaker, & ordained minister|
|Religion||Christianity (Southern Baptist)|
Michael Dale "Mike" Huckabee (born August 24, 1955) is an American politician who served as the 44th Governor of Arkansas (1996–2007). He was a candidate in the 2008 United States Republican presidential primaries, winning the 2008 Iowa Republican caucuses and finishing second in delegate count and third in both popular vote and number of states won (behind both John McCain and Mitt Romney).
Until January 3, 2015, Huckabee hosted the eponymous Fox News Channel talk show Huckabee, before ending the show in order to investigate the possibility of a 2016 presidential candidacy. From April 2012 through December 2013, he hosted a daily radio program, The Mike Huckabee Show, on weekday afternoons for Cumulus Media Networks.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Pastoral career
- 3 Political career
- 4 Political positions
- 5 Public image
- 6 Personal life
- 7 Books
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Huckabee was born on August 24, 1955 in Hope, Arkansas, the son of Mae (née Elder; 1925–1999) and Dorsey Wiles Huckabee (1923–1996), conservative Southern Democrats. Huckabee is of English ancestry which has been in America since the colonial era. He has cited his working-class upbringing as the reason for his political views; his father worked as a fireman and mechanic, and his mother worked as a clerk at a gas company.
His first job, at 14, was working at a radio station where he read the news and weather. He was elected Governor of Arkansas by his chapter of the American Legion-sponsored Boys State program in 1972 and is a Hugh O'Brian Youth Leadership Foundation alumnus. He was student council vice president at Hope High School during the 1971–72 school year. He was student council president at Hope High School during the 1972–1973 school year. He has one sister, Mrs. Pat Harris, a middle school teacher.
Huckabee married his wife, Janet, on May 25, 1974. He graduated magna cum laude from Ouachita Baptist University, completing his bachelor's degree in Religion in 2½ years before attending Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary in Fort Worth, Texas. He dropped out of the seminary after one year in order to take a job in Christian broadcasting.
At age 21, Huckabee was a staffer for televangelist James Robison. Robison commented, "His convictions shape his character and his character will shape his policies. His whole life has been shaped by moral absolutes." Prior to his political career, he served as pastor at Immanuel Baptist Church in Pine Bluff, Arkansas from 1980 to 1986, and the Beech Street Baptist Church in Texarkana from 1986 to 1992. He started 24-hour television stations in both cities, where he produced documentaries and hosted a program called Positive Alternatives. He encouraged the all-white Immanuel Baptist Church to accept black members in the mid-1980s.
Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas, 1993-1996
In Huckabee's first political race in 1992, he lost to incumbent Senator and conservative Democrat Dale Bumpers, receiving 40 percent of the vote in the general election. In the same election, Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton became president, making Lieutenant Governor Jim Guy Tucker the new Governor. In 1993, Republican state chairman Asa Hutchinson urged Huckabee to run in the special election for lieutenant governor held on July 27. Realizing his loss came among key conservative Democrats, Huckabee ran a decidedly conservative campaign. In the subsequent general election, he defeated Nate Coulter, who had been Bumpers' campaign manager the previous year, 51–49 percent. Huckabee became only the second Republican since Reconstruction to serve as Arkansas lieutenant governor, the first having been Maurice Britt from 1967 to 1971.
In his autobiography From Hope to Higher Ground, Huckabee recalled the chilly reception that he received from the Arkansas Democratic establishment on his election as lieutenant governor:"The doors to my office were spitefully nailed shut from the inside, office furniture and equipment were removed, and the budget spent down to almost nothing prior to our arriving. After fifty-nine days of public outcry, the doors were finally opened for me to occupy the actual office I had been elected to hold two months earlier."
Dick Morris, who had previously worked for Bill Clinton, advised Huckabee on his races in 1993, 1994 and 1998. Huckabee commented that Morris was a "personal friend." A newspaper article reported on Huckabee's 1993 win: "Morris said the mistake Republicans always make is that they are too much of a country club set. What we wanted to do was run a progressive campaign that would appeal to all Arkansans.'"
Morris elaborated, "So we opened the campaign with ads that characterized Mike as more of a moderate whose values were the same as those of other Arkansans." Consequently, he abandoned his earlier support for the Council of Conservative Citizens (CofCC) when in April 1994 following an adverse media campaign against the CofCC, Huckabee withdrew from a speaking engagement before their national convention. He repeated the accusations made by various media and left-wing organizations such as the Southern Poverty Law Center recalling his past association with the CofCC saying, "I will not participate in any program that has racist overtones. I've spent a lifetime fighting [against] racism and anti-Semitism."
In 1994, Huckabee was re-elected to a full term as lieutenant governor, beating Democratic candidate Charlie Cole Chaffin with nearly 59 percent of the vote. However, the amount of money spent by Huckabee on the campaign gave cause to accusations of possible corruption. In subsequent investigations it was revealed that while Lieutenant Governor, Huckabee accepted $71,500 in speaking fees and traveling expenses from a nonprofit group, Action America. R. J. Reynolds was the group's largest contributor.
In October 1995, David Pryor announced that he was retiring from the United States Senate. Huckabee then announced he was running for the open seat and moved well ahead in the polls. He won the Republican nomination unopposed.
During his campaign, Huckabee opposed in December then-Governor Tucker's plan for a constitutional convention. The plan was defeated by voters, 80–20 percent, in a special election. In January 1996, Huckabee campaigned in televised ads paid for by the Republican National Committee and the Arkansas Republican Party against a highway referendum. Tucker supported the referendum, which included tax increases and a bond program, to improve 1,300 miles (2,100 km) of highway. On the referendum, the bond question, which included a sales tax increase and a gas tax increase, lost 87–13 percent. A second question, a five-cent increase on diesel tax, lost 86–14 percent. Huckabee also opposed Tucker's plan for school consolidation.
In May 1996, Tucker, involved in the Whitewater scandal, was convicted "on one count of arranging nearly $3 million in fraudulent loans" and he promised to resign by July 15. Huckabee then announced he would quit the Senate race and instead fill the unexpired term of Tucker.
Governor of Arkansas, 1996-2007
In 1996, incumbent Democratic governor Jim Guy Tucker was convicted of fraud. The Arkansas Constitution, like nearly all state constitutions in the United States, does not allow convicted felons to hold office, so Tucker was forced to resign. However, Tucker, insisting he had a strong case for appeal, rescinded his resignation as Huckabee was preparing to be sworn in on July 15. Within a few hours, Tucker reinstated his resignation after Huckabee threatened to initiate impeachment proceedings against Tucker. Huckabee was sworn in as Governor of Arkansas on July 15, 1996.
In November 1998, Huckabee was elected to a full four-year term by defeating retired Colonel Gene McVay in the primary and Jonesboro attorney Bill Bristow in the general election, becoming the state's third elected Republican Governor since Reconstruction.
In November 2002, Huckabee was reelected to his second four-year term by defeating State Treasurer Jimmie Lou Fisher, garnering 53 percent of the vote. His reelection came despite the defeat in the general election of fellow Republican U.S. Senator Tim Hutchinson. By the end of his term, Huckabee held the third-longest tenure of any Arkansas Governor. Only Democrats Orval Faubus, who served six consecutive two-year terms (1955–1967), and Bill Clinton, who served 11 years, 11 months (1979–1981; 1983–1992), had longer tenures.
Huckabee said that his experience as a minister afforded him special insight in being governor:
My experience dealing every day with real people who were genuinely affected by policies created by government gave me a deep understanding of the fragility of the human spirit and vulnerability of so many families who struggled from week to week. I was in the ICU at 2 a.m. with families faced with the decision to disconnect a respirator on their loved one; I counseled fifteen-year-old pregnant girls who were afraid to tell their parents about their condition; I spent hours hearing the grief of women who had been physically and emotionally clobbered by an abusive husband; I saw the anguish in the faces of an elderly couple when their declining health forced them to sell their home, give up their independence, and move into a long-term-care facility; I listened to countless young couples pour out their souls as they struggled to get their marriages into survival mode when confronted with overextended debt...
As Governor, Huckabee commuted and accepted recommendations for pardon for twice as many sentences as his three predecessors combined; in total: 1,033 prisoners. Twelve had previously been convicted of murder. Though Huckabee pardoned more than his predecessors, the state prison size and number of people executed were greater as well, and Huckabee denied 92% of all clemency requests during his 10.5 years as Governor. Most pardons and commutations were not for prisoners but those whose sentences had ended and were seeking work. Huckabee's pardons and commutations became an issue during the 2008 Republican Primary, with most of the controversy focusing on Wayne Dumond.
Huckabee's handling of clemency petitions received national attention in November 2009 with the case of Maurice Clemmons, who had committed burglary without a weapon at age 16. The Prison Transfer Board unanimously requested a sentence commutation for Clemmons as did the trial judge. Clemmons' 60-year sentence was commuted by Huckabee to 47 years, making him eligible for parole if approved by the parole board. After parole in 2000, Clemmons was arrested for multiple offenses including child molestation and aggravated assault, but was released after prosecutors declined to file charges. After Clemmons murdered four police officers in Lakewood, Washington a two-day manhunt ensued, and Clemmons was shot and killed by a Seattle Police Department officer after refusing police orders to stop charging the officer. In his book about the shooting, The Other Side of Mercy, Jonathan Martin of The Seattle Times wrote that Huckabee apparently failed to review Clemmons' prison file, which was "thick with acts of violence and absent indications of rehabilitation." Huckabee defended his actions, stating that the recommendation to reduce the sentence was unanimous and supported by the trial judge, that the decision to parole him was made by the parole board, not him, and that Clemmons had been re-arrested and the decision not to file charges then had nothing to do with him.
In 2003, Eugene Fields received a six-year prison sentence after his fourth conviction of driving while intoxicated in five years. Gov. Huckabee granted clemency over the objections of the local prosecutor and sheriff, the Arkansas Prosecuting Attorneys Association and Mothers Against Drunk Driving. A spokeswoman for Mr. Huckabee, Charmaine Yoest, said that Mr. Fields' political donations [to the Arkansas Republican Party] and connections played no role in his clemency. About two years after Mr. Fields' sentence was cut to 11 months, he was arrested again for driving while intoxicated as his truck crossed the center line directly into the path of an oncoming police car.
2008 presidential election campaign
Huckabee announced his run for the White House on Meet the Press on January 28, 2007.
At the August 11 Iowa Straw Poll, Huckabee took second place with 2,587 votes, roughly 18 percent, splitting the conservative Republican party votes amongst other candidates. Huckabee spent $57.98 per vote in the Straw Poll, which is the lowest among the top three finishers. Huckabee drew attention with an unconventional ad featuring Chuck Norris. In a later ad Huckabee wished voters a merry Christmas, and said that "what really matters is the celebration of the birth of Christ."
In November 2007, Huckabee drew endorsements from a large number of religious activists, including Billy McCormack, a pastor in Shreveport, Louisiana, and a director and vice president of the Christian Coalition of America, founded in 1988 by a previous presidential candidate, Pat Robertson. He was criticized for using a bookshelf that resembled a cross in a Christmas commercial as a form of signaling to Christians, and laughed them off saying "I will confess this: If you play the spot backwards, it says, 'Paul is dead. Paul is dead.'" He also faced a "drumbeat" of questions about the role of faith in his gubernatorial administration and about past statements he made in 1998 about the U.S. being a "Christian nation" in which he said, "I hope we answer the alarm clock and take this nation back for Christ." Huckabee told NBC that his comment was not politically incorrect and was "appropriate to be said to a gathering of Southern Baptists." Huckabee has credited God with some of his political success.
On January 3, 2008, Huckabee won the Iowa Republican caucuses, receiving 34% of the electorate and 17 delegates, compared to the 25% of Mitt Romney who finished second, receiving 12 delegates, Fred Thompson who came in third place and received three delegates, John McCain who came in fourth place and received three delegates and Ron Paul who came in fifth place and received two delegates.
On January 8, 2008, Huckabee finished in third place in the New Hampshire primary, behind John McCain in first place, and Mitt Romney who finished second, with Huckabee receiving one more delegate for a total of 18 delegates, gained via elections, and 21 total delegates, versus 30 total (24 via elections) for Romney, and 10 for McCain (all via elections).
On January 15, 2008, Huckabee finished in third place in the Michigan Republican primary, 2008, behind John McCain in second place, Mitt Romney who finished first and ahead of Ron Paul who finished in fourth place.
On February 5, 2008, Huckabee won the first contest of "Super Tuesday", the West Virginia GOP state convention, but only after the McCain campaign provided their delegates thereby giving Huckabee 52% of the electorate to Mitt Romney's 47%. Backers of rival John McCain said they threw Huckabee their support to prevent Mitt Romney from capturing the winner-take-all GOP state convention vote. Consequently, he also registered victories in Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia and Tennessee on Super Tuesday, bringing his delegate count up to 156, compared to 689 for Republican party front-runner John McCain.
On February 9, 2008, Huckabee won the first election following Super Tuesday, by winning 60% of the vote in the Kansas Republican Caucuses. This was also the first contest to be held without Mitt Romney, who was said to be splitting the conservative vote with Huckabee. Huckabee also won the Louisiana Republican Primary with 44% of the vote to John McCain's 43% in second. Although Huckabee won the primary he was not awarded any delegates, because of state party rules that stated a candidate must pass the 50% threshold to receive the state's pledged delegates.
On March 4, 2008, Huckabee withdrew from seeking the candidacy as it became apparent he would lose in Texas, where he had hoped to win, and that John McCain would get the 1,191 delegates required to win the Republican nomination. Huckabee finished the race with an estimated 248 pledged delegates.
Vice Presidency speculation
Even though Huckabee had signed a television contract and a book deal with a pressing deadline, he was mentioned by most to be on then-presumptive Republican presidential nominee John McCain's short list for his vice presidential running mate. The late pundit Tim Russert even referred to Huckabee as "Vice President Huckabee" several times when he appeared on Meet The Press on May 18, 2008. Huckabee was eventually passed over for Sarah Palin.
Former President Bill Clinton has praised Huckabee and stated that he is a rising star in the Republican Party. Clinton and Huckabee have collaborated on initiatives such as the fight against childhood obesity. Former Tennessee Republican Party chairman and Huckabee's former campaign manager Chip Saltsman has called governor Huckabee, "The most successful failed presidential candidate in the history of our country."
Speculated 2012 presidential campaign
In a November 19, 2008, article by the Associated Press, Huckabee addressed the possibility of running for president in 2012. He said, "I'm not ruling anything out for the future, but I'm not making any specific plans".
Amid speculation about a future run for the Presidency, a CNN poll in December 2008 found Huckabee at the top of the list of 2012 GOP contenders, along with former Alaskan Governor Sarah Palin, fellow 2008 presidential candidate Mitt Romney, and former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich.
On December 3, 2008, local NBC news station WLWT asked Huckabee about the prospect of running, to which he said, "I'm pretty sure I'll be out there. Whether it's for myself or somebody else I may decide will be a better standard bearer, that remains to be seen."
A June 2009 CNN/Opinion Research Corporation national poll showed Huckabee as the 2012 presidential co-favorite of the Republican electorate along with Palin and Romney. An October 2009 poll of Republicans by Rasmussen Reports put Huckabee in the lead with 29%, followed by Romney on 24% and Palin on 18%. In a November 2009 Gallup poll, Huckabee was shown as the leading Republican contender for 2012. In November 2010 CNN projected in a poll that Huckabee would defeat Barack Obama in a hypothetical 2012 contest. In a Rasmussen poll taken January 11–14, 2011, Huckabee was even with Obama: 43% – 43%.
On May 14, 2011, Huckabee announced on his FNC show that he would not be a candidate for the GOP presidential nomination in 2012. Despite his high national poll numbers and being seen by many as the front runner, Huckabee declined to run, saying, "All the factors say 'go', but my heart says 'no'."
2016 presidential campaign
Political commentators have speculated that Huckabee might be ready for another presidential run in 2016. He was limited by a lack of money in 2008 but with changes to federal election law allowing SuperPACs to pour large sums of money into a race he might be better positioned to stay in the race. Huckabee has in addition earned personal wealth since 2008 on the lecture circuit and his TV and radio shows. He ended his daily radio show in December 2013 which strengthened speculations about a presidential bid. Huckabee indicated in September 2014 that he will make the decision on whether to run early in 2015. In January 2015, Huckabee ended his show on FNC to prepare for his possible run in the 2016 presidential election.
Mike Huckabee is strongly opposed to abortion, including in cases of rape or incest. He has stated that abortion should be legal only when the life of the mother is at risk. He believes that it would "most certainly" be a good day for America if Roe v. Wade were repealed.
In his book From Hope to Higher Ground, Huckabee expressed support for free trade, but only if it is "fair trade". He identified excess litigation, excess taxation, and excess regulation as three factors contributing to the loss of American jobs, and has proposed economic sanctions on China.
Huckabee has voiced opposition to both same-sex marriage and civil unions. He says that Americans should respect gay couples, but no gay adoptions should take place. He signed legislation outlawing same-sex marriage in Arkansas.
Teaching of Evolution
Huckabee has voiced his support of intelligent design and he has stated that he does not accept the validity of Darwin's theory of evolution. He was quoted in July 2004 on Arkansans Ask, his regular show on the Arkansas Educational Television Network: "I think that students also should be given exposure to the theories not only of evolution but to the basis of those who believe in creationism."
In 2007 Mike Huckabee argued for a larger military and an increase in defense spending, writing "Right now, we spend about 3.9 percent of our GDP on defense, compared with about six percent in 1986, under President Ronald Reagan. We need to return to that six percent level."
During his bid for president, Huckabee released a comprehensive nine-point immigration enforcement and border security plan. His plan includes building a border fence, increased border patrol personnel, and increases in visas for skilled workers who enter the country legally. He has previously stated he is opposed to using military resources for border patrol. Huckabee's plan would also require all 11-12 million illegal immigrants to register with the federal government and return to their home countries within 120 days. Failure to do so would carry a 10-year ban from entering the US.
Huckabee has voiced his support for self-defense and the Castle Doctrine, and has generally taken an anti-gun control stance. He believes that the concealed carrying of weapons should be allowed. He has said that whenever he hears people start talking about hunting when referring to the Second Amendment, he realizes they do not know what they are talking about, because the Second Amendment was to allow an armed citizenry the opportunity to protect themselves in case a tyrannical government ever came into power.
In 2005 Mike Huckabee was named one of Time 's top 5 governors, honored as one of Governing magazine's Public Officials of the Year, and given the American Public Health Association's Distinguished Public Health Legislator of the Year Award. In 2006 he was presented with AARP's Impact Award.
Huckabee was made the chair of the Southern Governors' Association in 1999 and served in capacity through 2000. He has chaired the Southern Growth Policies Board, the Southern Regional Education Board, the Southern Technology Council, the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission, and the Education Commission of the States. He is also a member of the Republican Governors Association and former chairman of the National Governors Association. Huckabee is presently the chairman of conservative PACs called the Vertical Politics Institute and Huck PAC.
On June 12, 2008, Fox News announced it was hiring Huckabee as a political commentator and regular contributor to their 2008 American presidential election coverage, in their New York election headquarters.
Huckabee filled in for Paul Harvey in July 2008. A few months later, he signed a deal with ABC Radio Networks (now Cumulus Media Networks) to carry a daily commentary, The Huckabee Report, beginning in January 2009. After Harvey's death his show replaced Harvey's broadcasts.
Huckabee hosted a weekend show, Huckabee, on Fox News Channel, which premiered Saturday, September 27, 2008, at 8 PM EST, and ended on January 3, 2015 so that Huckabee could consider the possibility of running for president.
On April 2, 2012, Huckabee launched a long-form daily talk show on Cumulus Media Networks, who provide the call-in guests. The show, which is targeted at second-tier broadcast stations, features long-form interviews and discussions and airs in the noon to 3 p.m. time slot, directly opposite the market leader in talk radio, The Rush Limbaugh Show. On November 27, 2013, Huckabee announced that the show will have its final broadcast on December 12, 2013, stating that he and Cumulus Media mutually decided not to renew the contract.
In a December 2013 interview, Huckabee stated that he would be launching a news organization in partnership with Christian Media Corp. International.
Mike Huckabee received widespread praise for his state's rapid response to Hurricane Katrina. In 2005, Time magazine named him one of the five best governors in the U.S., writing "Huckabee has approached his state's troubles with energy and innovation" and referred to him as "a mature, consensus-building conservative who earns praise from fellow Evangelicals and, occasionally, liberal Democrats." Governing magazine likewise honored Mike Huckabee as one of its 2005 Public Officials of the Year.
Mike Huckabee received 48% of the African-American vote in his 1998 election. On January 21, 2008, Mike Huckabee received the endorsement of 50 African-American leaders in Atlanta, Georgia. The endorsers cited Huckabee's record on life, education, minorities, the economy, the prison system, and immigration as Arkansas governor.
In comments made March 1, 2011, on The Steve Malzberg Show, Huckabee said of President Barack Obama, "I would love to know more. What I know is troubling enough. And one thing that I do know is his having grown up in Kenya, his view of the Brits, for example, is very different than the average American." (This is a reference to the Mau Mau Uprising against the colonial rule of United Kingdom in 1952).
In comments made March 4, 2011, on the Michael Medved Show, Huckabee spoke about pregnant, unwed actress Natalie Portman, saying "it's unfortunate we glorify and glamorize the idea of out of wedlock children." Huckabee denies he defamed Portman.
In April 2011, he was criticized for a remark he made, "I almost wish that there would be a simultaneous telecast and all Americans would be forced, at gunpoint, to listen to every David Barton message," in praise of David Barton.
Within hours of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, Huckabee made headlines in the U.S. and abroad for stating on Fox News: "we ask why there is violence in our schools, but we have systematically removed God from our schools," and further asked "Should we be so surprised that schools would become a place of carnage?"
In January 2014, in a luncheon speech at the Republican National Committee's winter meeting, in response to a federal mandate on contraception, Huckabee stated that "Democrats want to insult the women of America by making them believe that they are helpless without Uncle Sugar coming in and providing for them a prescription each month for birth control, they cannot control their libido or their reproductive system without the help of the government."
Capitol Offense (rock band)
Huckabee plays the electric bass guitar in his classic-rock cover band, Capitol Offense. The group has played for political events and parties, including entertaining at unofficial inaugural balls in Washington, D.C. in January 2001 and later again 2005, both organized and promoted by the conservative website Free Republic as well as the 2004 GOP Convention.
Weight loss and health advocacy
When elected governor of Arkansas, Huckabee was obese. In 2003, physicians diagnosed him with type 2 diabetes, and informed him that he would not live more than 10 years if he did not lose weight. Huckabee acknowledges that he has weighed as much as 300 pounds (135 kg). Coupled with the death of former Governor Frank D. White (whose obesity contributed to a fatal heart attack) his diagnosis prompted Huckabee to begin eating a healthier diet and exercising. He subsequently lost over 110 pounds (50 kg). The New York Times called the weight loss so rapid that "it was as if he simply unzipped a fat suit and stepped out."
Although Huckabee has stated that he never smoked nor drank, he declared himself a "recovering foodaholic". Huckabee has publicly recounted his previous burdens as an obese man: the steps of the Arkansas capitol from the entrance of the building up to the Governor's office were so long and steep that he would be out of breath and exhausted by the time he reached the top of the stairs. Huckabee has discussed his weight loss and used health care reform as a major focus of his governorship.
At an August 2007 forum on cancer hosted by Lance Armstrong, Huckabee said he would support a federal smoking ban, but has stated that he believes the issue is best addressed by state and local governments.
Huckabee has completed several marathons: the 2005 Marine Corps Marathon, the 2005 and 2006 Little Rock Marathon and the 2006 New York City Marathon. The 2005 Little Rock Marathon featured an impromptu challenge between Huckabee and Iowa Governor Tom Vilsack. Huckabee completed the marathon in 4:38:31, defeating Vilsack by 50 minutes. He wrote a book chronicling his weight-loss experience, Quit Digging Your Grave with a Knife and Fork. Huckabee was one of 10 recipients of a 2006 AARP Impact Award acknowledging his work as a "health crusader."
In 2009 Huckabee acknowledged that he had gained back a fourth of his weight due to a foot condition that prevented him from running.
Huckabee has written or co-authored several books including Do The Right Thing: Inside the Movement That's Bringing Common Sense Back to America (released on November 18, 2008) which became a New York Times Best Seller.
- Character is the Issue: How People With Integrity Can Revolutionize America (1997), a memoir (inspired by the crisis surrounding the incidents prior to his taking office as governor)
- Kids Who Kill (1998), a book about juvenile violence (inspired by the Jonesboro massacre, which took place during his tenure as governor)
- Living Beyond Your Lifetime (2000), a guide for leaving a personal legacy
- Quit Digging Your Grave with a Knife and Fork (2005), a health and exercise inspirational guide (based on his personal health experience) Publisher: Center Street
- From Hope to Higher Ground: 12 Steps to Restoring America's Greatness (2007) Publisher: Center Street
- "De-Marketing Obesity" in the California Management Review, (with Brian Wansink), 47:4 (Summer 2005), 6–18.
- Huckabee also wrote the foreword to My Story Your Story His Story (2006) by Larry Toller
- Character Makes a Difference: Where I'm From, Where I've Been, and What I Believe, by Mike Huckabee (2007)
- Do the Right Thing: Inside the Movement That's Bringing Common Sense Back to America, by Mike Huckabee (2008)
- A Simple Christmas: Twelve Stories that Celebrate the True Holiday Spirit, by Mike Huckabee (2009)
- A Simple Government: Twelve Things We Really Need from Washington (and a Trillion That We Don't!), by Mike Huckabee (2011)
- Dear Chandler, Dear Scarlett: A Grandfather's Thoughts on Faith, Family, and the Things That Matter Most, by Mike Huckabee (2012)
- God, Guns, Grits, and Gravy by Mike Huckabee (2015)
In God, Guns, Grits and Gravy, Huckabee discusses the myriad differences he's seen between those who live in the blue, coastal "bubbles" and the "bubbas" of the red flyover states. Huckabee uses Jay Z and Beyoncé as examples of a "culture of crude." He describes Beyoncé's lyrics as "obnoxious and toxic mental poison."
- "Biography". Team Huckabee. Huckabee For President Inc. Retrieved December 17, 2007.
- Finn, Tyler (April 14, 2010). "Mike Huckabee Registers to Vote in Florida". CBS News.
- Walker, Bruce. "Mike Huckabee and Christian Duty". American Thinker. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
- Mooney, Alexander (2009-02-26). "Jindal earns bad reviews in national debut". CNN. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
Sadler, Aaron (November 3, 2005). "Huckabee remains the highest-rated political figure in the state". Arkansas News Bureau. Archived from the original on October 14, 2007. Retrieved October 26, 2007.
- "2008 Presidential Republican Primary Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. November 4, 2008. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
- Stelter, Brian (2015-01-03). "Huckabee ends Fox News show to mull 2016". CNN.com. Retrieved 2015-01-04.
- Brian Stelter, New Huckabee Radio Show Could Vie With Limbaugh, The New York Times, February 8, 2012
- Miller, Joe. "Ask FactCheck: Huckabee an Evangelical?". FactCheck.org. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
- "Mike Huckabee Fast Facts". CNN.com. 2014-08-14. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
- Michael Barone; Grant Ujifusa (1999). The Almanac of American Politics. Washington, DC: National Journal. pp. 136–7. ISBN 0-8129-3194-7.
- Reitwiesner, Williams A. (2014-08-14). "The Ancestors of Mike Huckabee". William Addams Reitwiesner Genealogical Services. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
"Mike Huckabee". NNDB. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
Sherwood, Dominic (2014-02-01). "Mike Huckabee". EthniCelebs. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
- "Online NewsHour: Reporters' Blog | In Close Contest, Huckabee Hits States Rights, Populist Themes | January 19, 2008". PBS. January 19, 2008. Retrieved June 13, 2010.
- Wiener, Jared (October 18, 2007). "Get to Know Mike Huckabee;Former Arkansas Governor Hopes to Go From the Pulpit to the Oval Office". ABC News. Retrieved November 17, 2007.
- Huckabee, Mike (1997). Character Is The Issue. Nashville: Broadman & Holman. p. 72.
- Parks, Scott (February 9, 1997). "Huckabee's not preaching to choir;Arkansas governor leads largely Democratic state". The Dallas Morning News.
- "Q&A by Brian Lamb interview with Mike Huckabee". CSPAN. February 13, 2005. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
- Chafets, Zev (December 12, 2007). "The Huckabee Factor". New York Times.
- "Official biography". Retrieved October 26, 2007.
- Bailey, Holly; Michael Isikoff (December 8, 2007). "A Pastor's True Calling: Huckabee's success is due, in part, to right-time, right-place luck. But he says it comes from above.". NewsWeek. Retrieved December 14, 2007.
- Robert Marus for the Associated Baptist Press. January 21, 2008 Huckabee’s role in SBC conflict presaged political balancing act
- Bennet, James; Cushman Jr, John H.; Dao, James; DeParle, Jason; Krauss, Clifford; Labaton, Stephen; Lewis, Neil A.; Margolick, David; Newman, Maria; Tolchin, Martin (November 5, 1992). "THE 1992 ELECTIONS: STATE BY STATE; SOUTH". The New York Times. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
- "GOP wins one in Arkansas – Republican Party; Mike Huckabee | Campaigns & Elections | Find Articles at BNET.com". Findarticles.com. Archived from the original on January 7, 2008. Retrieved October 16, 2008.
- Huckabee, From Hope to Higher Ground, pp. 6–7
- Nelson, Rex (July 2, 1995). "Clinton's Hired Gun Gives Huckabee Hand: Lieutenant Governor Shooting for Senate". Arkansas Democrat-Gazette.
- Duhart, Bill (April 12, 1994). "Huckabee Won't Appear With Racist". Philadelphia Tribune.
- "1994 AR Lt. Governor Election Results". OurCampaigns.com.
- Sack, Kevin (May 31, 1996). "Arkansan Quits Senate Race to Lead State". The New York Times.
- O'Neal, Rachel; Caldwell, Elizabeth (December 14, 1995). "OBSERVERS SAY ARKANSANS: Arkansas voters didn't like the idea of allowing 26 appointed legislators to serve as delegates to a proposed constitutional convention.". Arkansas Democrat-Gazette.
- O'Neal, Rachel (January 11, 1996). "ROAD VOTE". Arkansas Democrat-Gazette.
- Huckabee, Mike (1997). Character Is The Issue. Nashville: Broadman&Holman. pp. 65–67.
- Barone, Michael; Grant Ujifusa (1999). The Almanac of American Politics. Washington, DC: National Journal. p. 44. ISBN 0-8129-3194-7.
- Huckabee, From Hope to Higher Ground, p. 7
- DeMillo, Andrew (December 10, 2007). "Huckabee Pardons Under Scrutiny". Politics. Associated Press. Retrieved December 6, 2009.
- Tapper, Jake (December 11, 2007). "Huckabee's Plethora of Pardons, Former Arkansas Governor Faces Scrutiny for Having a Forgiving Spirit". ABC News. Retrieved December 6, 2009.
- Associated Press (2007, December 10). Mike Huckabee's Clemency Record Is Under Scrutiny. FOX News. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
- (2009, December 1). Huckabee: 'I Take Full Responsibility' For Shooting Suspect's Clemency. CNN. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
- Adair, B. (2007, December 28). Yes, Huckabee Pardoned Many. PolitiFact. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
Tapper, J. (2007, December 11). Huckabee's Plethora of Pardons. ABC News. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
- DeMillo, Andrew (December 10, 2007). "Huckabee Pardons Under Scrutiny". Politics. Associated Press. Retrieved December 6, 2009.
Schone, Mark (2009-11-30). "Huckabee Helped Set Rapist Free Who Later Killed Missouri Woman". ABC News. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
- Sullivan, Jennifer; Mark Rahner; Jack Broom (December 1, 2009). "Lakewood police shooting suspect killed by Seattle police officer in South Seattle early this morning". The Seattle Times. Retrieved December 1, 2009.
- Martin, Jonathan (2013-12-18). "Mike Huckabee’s Maurice Clemmons problem". The Seattle Times.
- Huckabee, M. (2009, December 1). Washington State Tragedy. Human Events. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
Smith, B. (2010, October 18). Huckabee's Clemency. Politico. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
Sterling, Amanda (December 1, 2009). "Huckabee Calls Criticisms Over Clemency "Disgusting" – Political Hotsheet". CBS News. Retrieved June 13, 2010.
- "Suspect let out of Pierce County jail one week ago". The Seattle Times (Seattle, Washington). November 29, 2009. Retrieved November 30, 2009.
- Barstow, David (December 22, 2007). "The Long Run: Charming and Aloof, Huckabee Changed State". The New York Times (Little Rock, AR). Retrieved November 30, 2009.
- "Huckabee, the Jared Candidate?". Wall Street Journal. 2007-01-29. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
"Former AR Governor Mike Huckabee to Explore Presidential Bid". George Washington University. 2007-01-28. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
- "What Iowa's Straw Poll Tells the GOP" Time Online, August 11, 2007
- Lawrence, Jill (2007-08-12). "Straw Poll: Huckabee Spent Just $58 Per Vote For 2nd Place and Revived Prospects". USA Today. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
- Mike Huckabee, Chuck Norris. HuckChuckFacts (television ad). Patton, Christopher (November 28, 2007). "Candidate ads play nice". Politico. Retrieved December 21, 2007.
- Mike Huckabee. What really Matters (television ad).
- "Prominent Pastors and Christian Leaders Who Have Endorsed Huckabee". pastors4huckabeeblog.com. Retrieved June 6, 2012.
- Staff and Wire Reports for the Dallas News. December 20, 2007 Huckabee defends religious-themed Christmas ad
- Politics, Now Wrapped in Holiday Cheer CBS News, December 21, 2007
- Sidoti, Liz (2007-12-31). "Huckabee Stands by 'Christ' Comment". The Associated Press. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
- Matter of Faith: Vote God 2008 December 5, 2007
- "CNN Politics Election Center 2008". Retrieved May 12, 2010.
"Overall Michigan Results". Politico. Associated Press. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
- "Election Center 2008: Primary Results – Elections & Politics news from CNN.com". CNN.
- "Romney Loses West Virginia!". Politico. Retrieved June 13, 2010.
- "Huckabee wins 18 W.Va. GOP delegates with help from McCain". Associated Press. 2008-02-05. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
- "Election 2008: Results: Republican Delegate Count". New York Times. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
- "Huckabee Wins Kansas". CNN. Retrieved June 13, 2010.
- From Bill Schneider CNN (February 6, 2008). "Romney, Huckabee splitting conservative vote". CNN. Retrieved June 13, 2010.
- "Huckabee wins Louisiana". CNN. Retrieved June 13, 2010.
- "Russert: Vice President Huckabee". MSNBC. May 18, 2008. Retrieved June 13, 2010.
- "VP Pick Palin Makes Appeal to Women Voters". NBC News. 2008-08-29. Retrieved 2015-01-18.
- "Bill Clinton at Des Moines Starbucks – talks up Huckabee, downplays Hillary expectations – The Elephant". Communities.canada.com. Retrieved June 13, 2010.
"Bill Clinton and Mike Huckabee Announce Partnership to Fight Childhood Obesity – Clinton Foundation Photo Archives – William J. Clinton Foundation". Usliberals.about.com. October 20, 2005. Retrieved June 13, 2010.
- Allocca, Kevin (December 21, 2009). "The most successful failed presidential candidate in the history of our country.". Mediabistro.com. Retrieved June 13, 2010.
- Ohlemacher, Stephen (November 19, 2008). "Huckabee won't rule out 2012 run for President". Associated Press.
- Steinhauser, Paul (December 5, 2008). "Huckabee and Palin top early 2012 list". CNN.com. Retrieved December 6, 2008.
- WLWT website http://www.wlwt.com/politics/18192964/detail.html (retrieved on Apr 2, 2009)[dead link]
- "CNN Poll: No frontrunner in GOP 2012 presidential race". CNN. June 2, 2009.
- "GOP 2012: Huckabee 29% Romney 24% Palin 18%". Rasmussen Reports. October 16, 2009. Retrieved October 17, 2009.
- "Huckabee, Romney, Palin See Most Republican Support for '12". Gallup. November 5, 2009. Retrieved November 25, 2009.
- "Huckabee would defeat Obama in a hypothetical 2012 contest". CNN. November 7, 2010. Retrieved November 10, 2010.
- "Romney, Huckabee Even With Obama, Other GOP Hopefuls Trail". Rasmussen Poll. February 6, 2011. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- Cillizza, Chris (May 14, 2011). "Mike Huckabee won't run for president in 2012". Washington Post. Retrieved May 15, 2011.
- Grier, Peter (2013-01-13). "Mike Huckabee 2016: New wildcard in the GOP race?". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
- Tumulty, Karen (December 13, 2013). "Mike Huckabee sounds a lot like he's running for president in 2016". The Washington Post.
- Scott Conroy (October 23, 2014) In Iowa, Mike Huckabee Is Making Moves RealClearPolitics.
- Alexandra Jaffe (15 September 2014) Huckabee inching closer to 2016 run The Hill.
- Ark. Gubernatorial Election 2002 National Political Awareness Test VoteSmart.org
- Bench Memos: The Republican Debate NationalReview.com
- Mike Huckabee for President - Health Care MikeHuckabee.com
- "Mike Huckabee on Free Trade". On the Issues. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
- "Mike Huckabee on the Issues". OnTheIssues. Retrieved 2007-07-29.
- Wiles, Jason (2005). "Is Evolution Arkansas's Hidden Curriculum?". NCSE. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
- Huckabee, Michael D. (2008). "America's Priorities in the War on Terror". Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
- "Interview with Arkansas Gov. Mike Huckabee". The Washington Post. May 23, 2006. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
- Fact Sheet - April 26, 2006 Pew Hispanic Center
- Mike Huckabee for President - Newsroom
- Mike Huckabee for President - Issues
- Talkers Magazine. "defender of the month 1998". Ccrkba.org. Archived from the original on May 12, 2008. Retrieved October 16, 2008.
"Mike Huckabee". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
- Jennifer Rubin (February 12, 2007). "Taxing Claims: Is Mike Huckabee an "authentic conservative"?". National Review. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
- "America's 5 Best Governors". Time Magazine. November 13, 2005.
- Greenblatt, Alan. "Public Officials of the Year: Mike Huckabee". Governing (magazine). Retrieved 2015-01-08.
- "Previous APHA Distinguished Legislator of the Year Award Winners". American Public Health Association. Retrieved 2015-01-10.
- "OASIS awards and achievements". OasisNet.org. Retrieved 2015-01-10.
"Inspire Awards 2006 Honorees: Governor Mike Huckabee, Health Crusader". AARP The Magazine. 2009-08-20. Retrieved 2015-01-10.
- "Mike Huckabee". Harvard Institute of Politics. 2014. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
- "Arkansas Gov. Huckabee Joins a Fraternity". FOX News. Associated Press. 2006-12-13. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
- Callahan, Jody Former Arkansas Governor Huckabee to be a fundraiser for Victory University. Memphis Commercial Appeal. July 12, 2010
- "TROOPATHON ANNOUNCES MIKE HUCKABEE & LARRY O'CONNOR". Move on America. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- "Chicago Tribune: Mike Huckabee: FOX 'contributor'". Weblogs.chicagotribune.com. June 12, 2008. Retrieved June 13, 2010.
- Vogel, Kenneth. Huckabee in talks for own Fox show. The Politico. July 14, 2008.
- The Huckabee Report. ABC Radio information page. December 2008.
- Hinckley, David (March 22, 2009). "On the radio: How ABC will replace 'Rest' of Paul Harvey spots". New York Daily News. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
- CNN Library (2014-08-14). "Mike Huckabee Fast Facts". CNN.com. Retrieved 2015-01-04.
- Stelter, Brian (February 10, 2012). New Huckabee Radio Show Could Vie With Limbaugh. The New York Times. Retrieved February 10, 2012.
- Weinger, Mackenzie. "Mike Huckabee radio show ending". Politico. Retrieved November 27, 2013.
- Kopan, Tal. "Huck Post joins with Christian Media". Politico. Retrieved December 17, 2013.
- Faughnahan, Brian (2008-01-15). "Could Mike Huckabee be America's Second Black President?". Weekly Standard. Retrieved 2015-01-07.
- Lin, Joy (2008-01-21). "Huckabee Courts Black Vote". CBS News. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
- Kolawole, Emi (March 1, 2011). "Huckabee claims inaccurately that Obama was raised in Kenya". The Washington Post.
Mooney, Alexander (March 1, 2011). "Oops! Huckabee says Obama grew up in Kenya". Political Ticker (CNN).
- Murphy, Tim (May 10, 2011). "Huckabee Adviser: Obama is a Soviet Spy". Mother Jones.
- Hoffer, Steven (March 4, 2011). "Mike Huckabee Disses Natalie Portman; Over Out of Wedlock Pregnancy Why Not Bristol Palin?". AOLnews.com.
- "Mike Huckabee: Americans to be indoctrinated at gunpoint".
- Collins, Gail (2012-12-14). "Looking For America". New York Times. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
- Lapidos, Juliet (2014-01-24). "Mike Huckabee’s War for Women". New York Times. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
Jacobs, Ben (2014-01-23). "Huckabee: Dems Tell Women They Can't Control Libido Without Government". Daily Beast. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
Benen, Steve (January 24, 2014). "Huckabee vs. Huckabee". www.msnbc.com. NBC UNIVERSAL. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
- Dawkins, Richard; Blumner, Robyn (2014-09-30). "Atheists Aren’t the Problem, Christian Intolerance Is the Problem". Time. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
Stone, Michael (2014-09-28). "Huckabee Wants to Fire Atheists Working for the Government". Patheos. Retrieved 2015-01-07.
- "Capitol Offense MySpace Profile". Retrieved December 12, 2007.
- Taylor, Kristinn (January 19, 2005). "Inauguration: Free Republic". Washington Post. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
- Collins, Glenn (September 2, 2004). "He Knows a Little Rock". New York Times. Retrieved December 12, 2007.
- Barrett, Jennifer (2005-05-05). "Campaigning for a Healthier America". MSNBC. Newsweek. Archived from the original on December 14, 2006. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
Leibovich, Mark (January 17, 2006). "Fire in the Belly". Washington Post. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
- "BMI Calculator from the Mayo Clinic". Retrieved January 27, 2008.
- Dewan, Shaila (September 10, 2006). "New York Times article". The New York Times. Retrieved February 10, 2007.
- Dean Karnazes; Matt Fitzgerald (2008). 50/50: Secrets I Learned Running 50 Marathons in 50 Days - and How You Too Can Achieve Super Endurance!. New York: Hachette Book Group USA. p. 33. ISBN 978-0-446-53789-6. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
- Brian Wansink and Mike Huckabee (2005), "De-Marketing Obesity," California Management Review, 47:4 (Summer), 6–18.
- Jeffrey Young (January 16, 2008). "Huckabee about-face on smoking". The Hill.
- Jane McManus (November 5, 2006). "At NYC Marathon, there's no telling who you may run into". The Journal News.
- Miller, Emily (2009). "Weighty Matters: Mike Huckabee Gains 25 Lbs., 'Biggest Loser' Comes to D.C.". Huffington Post.
- "The New York Times Best Seller List". New York Times. 2009-01-04. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
- Blistein, Jon. "Watch Jon Stewart, Mike Huckabee Clash Over Culture, Beyoncé". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Mike Huckabee|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mike Huckabee.|
- Mike Huckabee official website
- Mike Huckabee Grassroots Forum
- C-SPAN Q&A interview with Huckabee, February 13, 2005
- Campaign contributions at OpenSecrets.org
- Profile in The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture
- Mike Huckabee at DMOZ
|Party political offices|
|Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Arkansas
|Republican nominee for Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas
|Republican nominee for Governor of Arkansas
|Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas
|Governor of Arkansas
|Chairperson of National Governors Association