|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maine's 2nd district
January 3, 2003
|Preceded by||John Baldacci|
January 18, 1955 |
|Residence||East Millinocket, Maine|
|Alma mater||Schenck High School|
Michael Herman Michaud (born January 18, 1955) is the U.S. Representative for Maine's 2nd congressional district, serving since 2003. He is a member of the Democratic Party. The mostly rural district comprises nearly 80% of the state by area and includes the cities of Lewiston, Auburn, Bangor, and Presque Isle. It is the largest Congressional district by area east of the Mississippi River.
Michaud was previously President of the Maine Senate. He was employed for over two decades at the Great Northern Paper Company and remains a member of the United Steelworkers. He is one of the few members of Congress never to have attended college.
Early life, education and career 
Michaud grew up in Medway, Maine, and is a graduate of Schenck High School in East Millinocket. He was a mill worker and supervisor at Great Northern Paper Company in East Millinocket, from 1973 until his election to Congress in 2002, during which time he was a member of the United Steelworkers. Michaud's interest in politics began when he campaigned to clean up the Penobscot River in the late 1970s.
Maine Legislature 
Michaud was elected to the Maine House of Representatives in 1980, and served seven terms there. Then in 1994, he ran for and was elected to the Maine Senate. During his years in the state legislature, he continued to work at the Great Northern Paper Company until his election to Congress. To accommodate his legislative schedule, he changed his factory shifts, for instance by working weekends. In 1996, he was appointed chair of the Joint Appropriations Committee and in December 2000 was unanimously elected President of the Maine Senate.
U.S. House of Representatives 
Elections and Tenure 
Michaud was first elected in 2002, narrowly defeating Republican Kevin Raye in the race to replace John Baldacci. This election garnered considerable publicity because the Democratic candidate was pro-life, while the Republican was pro-choice. Michaud then became the only freshman Democratic member of Congress to vote for the 2003 ban on intact dilation and extraction (IDX), often called partial-birth abortion
However, Michaud's stance on abortion and related reproductive issues has changed since he entered office. When he was elected in 2003, he received a 10% rating by the NARAL Pro Choice America, a reflection of pro-life votes; in 2010, the same organization gave Michaud a 100% rating. This change is likely in part because of the votes Michaud made in favor of allowing and expanding stem cell research, and his vote against banning abortion from federal health care coverage.
He won the 2004 election, defeating Republican Brian Hamel of Presque Isle by a large margin. In the 2006 election he defeated Republican Laurence S. D'Amboise by a 70% margin. In the 2008 election, he defeated Republican and retired Professor John Frary of Farmington, by a considerable majority.
Mike Michaud has been an advocate for veterans for as long as he as served in Congress. As Chairman of the Health Subcommittee of the Veterans' Affairs Committee, Michaud has advocated for more extensive healthcare benefits for veterans and also for more inclusive rural healthcare for veterans. In 2007 Michaud came close to being elected Chairman of the Veterans' Affairs Committee. He has also called for lowering the cost of prescription drugs. In addition, Michaud has worked to pass legislation providing scholarships for returning soldiers, and decreasing the rate of homelessness among veterans. Recently, Michaud became an original cosponsor of “Hiring our Veterans Act” which gives tax credits to employers who hire veterans. Michaud has worked with the US Department of Veteran Affairs (VA) on many projects. These include a scholarship foundation for children of soldiers killed in active duty, an expansion of VA care in rural Maine, and a major increase in VA funding.
In addition to veterans' health, Michaud has been supporting healthcare on a larger scale. He has voted in favor of increased health coverage for children, and voted against cuts to Medicare. In 2010, he received a 100% rating from the American Public Health Association, along with favorable ratings from other healthcare groups. Michaud joined a group of 44 congressmen in November 2011 to express the importance of men's being screened for prostate cancer. This bipartisan group was formed after the United States Preventive Task Force recommended that healthy men should not have such a screening.
Michaud is a member of the Blue Dog Coalition, a group of conservative Democrats in the House of Representatives. He is the only Congressperson from New England in the coalition. On October 19, 2007, he endorsed former Senator John Edwards for President.
In 2010, Michaud overcame strong anti-Democrat and anti-incumbent political sentiment, and won reelection, defeating Republican Jason Levesque, by a 55-45 margin. It was Michaud's closest margin of victory since his original election.
Committee assignments 
- Committee on Veterans' Affairs
- Subcommittee on Health (Ranking member)
- Committee on Small Business
- Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
Caucus memberships 
- Addiction, Treatment and Recovery Caucus
- Congressional Biomass Caucus
- Caucus to Fight and Control Methamphetamine
- Congressional Nursing Caucus
- International Conservation Caucus
- Renewable Energy Caucus
- Sudan Caucus
Electoral History 
|2002||Maine's 2nd congressional district||General||Mike Michaud||Democratic||116,868||52.01%||Kevin Raye||Republican||107,849||47.99%|
|2004||Maine's 2nd congressional district||General||Mike Michaud||Democratic||199,303||58.03%||Brian Hamel||Republican||135,547||39.47%||Carl Cooley||Independent||8,586||2.50|
|2006 ||Maine's 2nd congressional district||General||Mike Michaud||Democratic||179,732||70.52%||Laurence D'Amboise||Republican||75,146||29.48%|
|2008 ||Maine's 2nd congressional district||General||Mike Michaud||Democratic||226,274||67.44%||John Frary||Republican||109,268||32.57%|
|2010 ||Maine's 2nd congressional district||General||Mike Michaud||Democratic||147,042||55.13%||Jason Levesque||Republican||119,669||44.87%|
|2012 ||Maine's 2nd congressional district||General||Mike Michaud||Democratic||191,456||58.19%||Kevin Raye||Republican||137,542||41.81%|
- "Michael Michaud (D-Maine)". The Washington Post. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
- Cooley represented the Socialist Equality Party
- "ME - District 2 Race - Nov 07, 2006". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- "ME - District 2 Race- Nov 04, 2008". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- "ME - District 2 Race- Nov 02, 2010". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- "ME - District 2 Race - Nov 06, 2012". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- U.S. Congressman Mike Michaud official U.S. House site
- Mike Michaud for U.S. Congress official campaign site
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Biography, voting record, and interest group ratings at Project Vote Smart
- Congressional profile at GovTrack
- Congressional profile at OpenCongress
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Financial information (federal office) at OpenSecrets.org
- Staff salaries, trips and personal finance (federal office) at LegiStorm.com
- Issue positions and quotes at On the Issues
- Voting record at The Washington Post
- Appearances on C-SPAN programs
- Profile at SourceWatch
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maine's 2nd congressional district
|United States order of precedence|
|United States Representatives by seniority