Mike Thackwell

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mike Thackwell
2011 11 2 Imperial Palace Harrahs Auto collection-1-64 - Flickr - Moto@Club4AG.jpg
The Sauber C8 in which Thackwell and co-driver Henri Pescarolo won the 1000km Nürburgring in 1986.
Born (1961-03-30) 30 March 1961 (age 53)
Papakura, Auckland, New Zealand
Formula One World Championship career
Nationality New Zealand New Zealander
Teams Arrows, Tyrrell, RAM
Races 5 (2 starts)
Championships 0
Wins 0
Podiums 0
Career points 0
Pole positions 0
Fastest laps 0
First race 1980 Dutch Grand Prix
Last race 1984 German Grand Prix

Michael Thackwell (born 30 March 1961 in Papakura, Auckland, New Zealand [1]) is a former racing driver, who participated in a number of prominent racing categories, including Formula One. The second youngest driver ever to qualify for a Grand Prix, he participated in five of them, making his first start on 28 September 1980 at the Canadian Grand Prix. He scored no championship points. He had previously attempted unsuccessfully to qualify for the Dutch Grand Prix which was held on 31 August 1980.

Thackwell has been described as a "teenage sensation",[2] a "maverick"[3] and as "something of a cult hero".[3] Outside Formula One, he competed successfully in Formula Three, Formula Two, Formula 3000 and sports cars, amongst other categories.

In 1984, Thackwell won the European Formula Two Championship. He was runner up in that championship in 1983, and in its successor, the International Formula 3000 Championship, in 1985. In each case, he was driving a works Ralt. Also in 1986, he won the Pau Grand Prix, again in a works Ralt. Later in the year, he combined with Henri Pescarolo to win the 1000km Nürburgring sports car race, in a Sauber C8.

Early life[edit]

Thackwell was born into a motor racing family. For many years, his father, Ray, was a successful international speedway rider and racing driver.[4][5] When Mike was six years old, his family emigrated from New Zealand to Perth, Western Australia, where he spent his formative years, and also began racing.[4] Michael Thackwell has 4 siblings Joan Caccioppoli - Kerry John Thackwell - Lisa Brabham - Heidi Thackwell. Lisa is married to David Brabham.

Between 1972 and 1976, Thackwell attended Christ Church Grammar School, in Claremont, a suburb of Perth.[6] By the time of his Formula One debut in 1980, he spoke with an Australian accent,[2] and regarded himself as Australian,[4] but he competed, and liked to be known, as a New Zealander.[2]

For three years from the age of nine, Thackwell competed in motocross events on motorcycles supplied by his father, an importer of high performance racing & sports cars. He then switched to karts, winning the Western Australian championship at the age of 14. After also winning the Hong Kong Kart Grand Prix in 1975 and 1976, he moved to England.[4]

Career[edit]

Starter formulae[edit]

In early 1978, Thackwell began his European career, in the Dunlop Star of Tomorrow Formula Ford championship, held in the United Kingdom. He campaigned with a Van Diemen-Scholar RF78, entered by the Rushen Green team.[7] In a closely fought, 11-round series, he won five rounds, and made the podium on two other occasions,[7] but finished only third in the championship, with 72 points, behind Canadian entrant Robert Zurrer (77 points) and British driver Terry Gray (76 points).[8]

The following year, 1979, Thackwell moved up to the Vandervell British Formula Three Championship, at the wheel of a March-Toyota 793, entered by the March works team. In a 19-race series, he managed five more wins and four other podium finishes, along with a pole position and a fastest lap.[7] Once again, he finished the championship in third place, this time with 71 points, behind Chico Serra (103 points) and Andrea de Cesaris (90 points), but ahead of Stefan Johansson (fourth), Nigel Mansell (eighth), Alain Prost (equal 12th) and Thierry Boutsen (19th),[9] all four of whom were later to have lengthy, and in most cases race-winning, Formula One careers.

Also in 1979, March entered Thackwell and the March 793 in two races of the FIA European Formula Three Championship. He achieved a win and a fastest lap, at Monza in the Gran Premio della Lotteria.[1] In a championship won by Alain Prost, he also finished equal eighth overall, ahead of Boutsen (nine races), Arie Luyendyk (11 races), Serra (one race) and Philippe Streiff (five races) (equal thirteenth), and Jo Gartner (3 races; 21st).[10] Thackwell and the March 793 also managed pole position and fastest lap in the non-championship RAC FOCA Trophy race, but finished only ninth.[7][11]

For 1980, Thackwell decided to follow Serra and de Cesaris into Formula Two. However, before that he returned to New Zealand to race a Marlboro-backed works March in Aurora AFX New Zealand International Formula Pacific series, alongside de Cesaris. The cars, modified F2 cars, were overweight and under performed.[1]

His return to Europe saw him again driving a March. As early as round two at Hockenheim he was on the pace, setting fastest lap, a feat he would repeat in the following round on the 14.272 mile Nürburgring Nordschleife. However it was at Zandvoort that he marked himself as a genuine talent.[1]

Formula One debut[edit]

In 1980, having tested for both Ensign and Tyrrell, Thackwell had been signed by Ken Tyrrell to be a test driver for the Tyrrell F1 team, alongside his F2 campaign. He was invited to the Dutch Grand Prix by Tyrrell as a spectator, both to learn about the track and the Tyrrell 010 when Arrows team boss Jackie Oliver approached him after the first unofficial practice session to ask if he'd like to drive the Arrows A3. Oliver's regular driver, Jochen Mass had been injured at the previous grand prix, but his car was at Zandvoort. Although the car was still set up for Mass, including his seat and pedal arrangement, Thackwell got permission to drive the car from Tyrrell and though he failed to qualify, eventually set a faster time than Keke Rosberg in the Fittipaldi.[12]

He made his official debut a few weeks later, when Tyrrell made the third car available for him at the Canadian Grand Prix.[13] Because he took part in this event, Thackwell was often listed as the youngest driver to start a Formula One race, but this claim is arguable. On the first lap of the race, Alan Jones and Nelson Piquet collided at the first turn and were subsequently hit by a number of other cars, including Jean-Pierre Jarier and Derek Daly, both driving Tyrrells. Thackwell negotiated his way through the carnage and returned to the start/finish line undamaged by which time, the race had been red flagged. As both Jarier's and Daly's cars were too badly damaged to repair quickly, Thackwell was instructed by Ken Tyrrell to give up his car for Jarier. Under Formula One regulations, when the race is stopped after less than two full laps, the original start is declared null and void and the race starts anew.[14] If a driver cannot bring their car back to the second start, they have technically not taken part in the Grand Prix. Using these criteria, Ricardo Rodriguez remained the youngest race starter until Jaime Alguersuari broke the record at the 2009 Hungarian Grand Prix.

Thackwell had another opportunity at the next race with Tyrrell, the United States Grand Prix. After he suffered a fractured brake disc during qualifying, he was unable to qualify to race at Watkins Glen.[13][15]

Between Formula One[edit]

Thackwell's debut in a Tyrrell was unsuccessful; he returned to Formula Two in 1981. He was still considered to be one of stars of the future and was signed by Ralt to partner Geoff Lees. After winning the International Trophy at Silverstone, and a third place at Hockenheim, he suffered a massive testing accident driving the works Ralt-Honda at Thruxton that left him with a shattered heel and head injuries. According to Autosport he hit a bank head on and stopped from 140 mph to 0 mph in under 2 feet. Within weeks, although still on crutches, he completed the rest of the season and finished 6th in the Championship.[13][15]

Unable to secure any works drive in 1982 owing to belief of team owners that he had still not recovered from his accident the previous year. With finance from family, friends and small sponsors, he managed to obtain a drive for the 1982 season in the small under-financed and privately run Horag Racing and Bertram Schäfer Racing Teams; he still managed two top three results at Pau and Spa-Francorchamps.[13][15]

He rejoined the works Ralt team for 1983, coming second in that year's F2 championship to Jonathan Palmer, after a win at Jarama with another eight visits to the podium.[13] The following season he remained at Ralt, and despite having Roberto Moreno as team-mate Thackwell went one better, dominating the championship, taking the title on the back of seven victories out of eleven races, including another success in the International Trophy race at Silverstone. By the end of the season he had taken another six pole positions and nine fastest laps. He led a total of 408 of the 580 laps.[13][15]

Return to Formula One[edit]

Suddenly in the middle of his season of dominance, Thackwell was back in demand again. However, this only amounted to two more fill-in one-off drives, the last of his career in F1.[13]

For the Canadian Grand Prix, he replaced Palmer at the RAM team. He duly qualified in 25th place, one place higher than team-mate Philippe Alliot, faster by 1.556 seconds. His race lasted until lap 30, when a broken turbo wastegate forced him into retirement. Palmer would reclaim his seat for the next race. Tyrrell wanted him to race in Germany, as Stefan Bellof was unavailable. Once again Thackwell failed to qualify for the German Grand Prix by just 0.055secs.[15] He also tested for Williams during the season.[13]

After Formula One[edit]

The opportunity to sample other racing categories arose. He drove in two World Endurance Championship races, coming 21st at the Nürburgring 1000km for Obermaier Racing in their Porsche 956 and finishing 5th in the 956 of Kremer Racing at the Fuji 1000km.[15] Thackwell finished the 1984 season in CART for Penske Racing, in their Pennzoil March 84C, after foot injuries at Sanair during practice for the Molson 300 sidelined Penske ace Rick Mears.[15]

Unable to get a decent drive in F1 and CART, he turned his back on them and raced in the F2 replacement series, the Formula 3000. He won the first round at Silverstone and in the process, won his third International Trophy race. He added two victories before finishing runner-up to Christian Danner. Meanwhile, he also raced four times for the TWR Jaguar team, rounding his season off with a second place at the Shah Alam circuit, partnered by John Nielsen.[15]

In 1986 he continued to win in F3000, both in Europe and Japan, and scored Mercedes-Benz’ first modern racing success when he shared a Sauber with Henri Pescarolo to win the Nürburgring 1000km.[13]

During the European winter of 1987, Thackwell returned to New Zealand to race in Formula Pacific. Hw won the first three rounds of the MANZ Formula Pacific International Championship, going on to take the title.[15]

He concentrated on sports car racing with the Kouros Racing Team in their Sauber C9 in 1987, only to receive yet more disappointment. His only podium finish in the World Endurance series came after he quit and took a drive with Britten Lloyd Racing in their Porsche 962GTi, this time partnering Mauro Baldi.[15]

In1988 he made a one-off F3000 drive for the works Ralt outfit at Pau. However, having become disillusioned with motorsport, he turned his back on it at the end of 1988.[15]

In the years following his withdrawal from motorsport, he worked, among other occupations, as a helicopter pilot in the North Sea for Bristow Helicopters, a gold miner in the North-West of Western Australia and as a teacher in England. He is widely felt to have been one of the great 'lost talents' - a driver in the wrong place at the wrong time. According to the English magazine Motorsport Thackwell now lives on the South Coast of England, where he spends his free time surfing summer and winter when waves allow.

Racing record[edit]

Career highlights[edit]

Season Series Position Car Team
1978 Dunlop Star of Tomorrow Championship[16] 3rd Van Diemen-Scholar RF78 Rushen Green Racing
1979 Vandervell British Formula 3 Championship[16][17] 3rd March-Toyota 793 March Racing Ltd.
FIA European Formula 3 Championship [16][17] 8th March-Toyota 793 March Racing Ltd.
1980 European Formula Two Championship [18][19] 8th March-BMW 802 ICI Racing Team
Japanese Formula Two Championship [18][19] 8th March-BMW 802 Walter Wolf Racing Japan
New Zealand Formula Pacific Championship [18][20] 15th March-Ford 792 March Cars - Marlboro
World Championship of Drivers [18][21] NC Arrows-Cosworth A3 Warsteiner Arrows Racing Team
Tyrrell-Cosworth 010 Candy Team Tyrrell
1981 European Formula Two Championship [18][22] 6th Ralt-Honda RH6/81 Ralt Racing Team
Japanese Formula Two Championship [22] 16th March-Honda 812 KK Super Sport
Ralt-Honda RH6/81 Ralt Racing Team
1982 European Formula Two Championship [18][23] 11th March-BMW 822 Horag Racing Team
Maurer-BMW M82 Bertram Schäfer Racing
Japanese Formula Two Championship [23] 17th Toleman-Hart TG280 Nova Engineering
March-BMW 822 Tomei Jidousya
1983 European Formula Two Championship [18][24] 2nd Ralt-Honda RH6/83H Ralt Racing Ltd
Japanese Formula Two Championship [18][24] 16th Ralt-Honda RH6/83H Ralt Racing Team
1984 European Formula Two Championship [18][25] 1st Ralt-Honda RH6 Ralt Racing Ltd
Japanese Formula Two Championship [18][25] 16th Ralt-Honda RH6 Ralt Racing Team
All Japan Sports-Prototype Championship[26] 28th Porsche 956 Porsche Kremer Racing
FIA World Endurance Championship[26] 50th Porsche 956 Obermaier Racing
Porsche Kremer Racing
European Touring Car Championship [26][27] BMW 635CSi CC Motorsport
World Championship of Drivers [18][21] NC RAM-Hart 02 Skoal Bandit Formula 1 Team
Tyrrell-Cosworth 012 Tyrrell Racing Organisation
PPG Indy Car World Series [18][28] NC March-Cosworth 84C Penske Racing
1985 International Formula 3000 Championship [18] 2nd Ralt-Cosworth RT20 Ralt Racing Ltd
FIA World Endurance Championship[18][26] 11th Porsche 956 Obermaier Racing
Porsche 962C Porsche Kremer Racing
Jaguar XJR-6 TWR Jaguar
1986 Japanese Formula Two Championship [18] 5th March-Mugen Honda 85J Marlboro Team Nova
March-Mugen Honda 86J
International Formula 3000 Championship [18] 8th Lola-Cosworth T86/50 Horag Racing/Formula Team Ltd.
Ralt-Honda RT20 Ralt Racing Ltd.
FIA World Sports-Prototype Championship[18][26] 15th Sauber-Mercedes-Benz C8 Kouros Racing
European Touring Car Championship Ford Sierra XR4Ti Ford Motorsport Eggenberger
1987 Mita Copies NZ International Formula Pacific Championship[18][29] 1st Ralt-Ford RT4 Ralt Australia
All Japan Sports Prototype Car Endurance Championship [18][26] 8th Porsche 962C From A Racing
FIA World Sportscar Championship[18][26] 29th Sauber-Mercedes-Benz C9 Kouros Mercedes
Porsche 962C Britten-Lloyd Racing
ADAC Würth Supercup Sauber-Mercedes-Benz C9 Formel Rennsportclub
1988 International Formula 3000 Championship [18] NC Ralt-Judd RT22 Ralt Racing Ltd.

International Race Victories[edit]

Date Event Circuit Entrant
co-driver
Car – Engine
1979
10/06/79 Vandervell British F3 Championship Rd.10 England Brands Hatch (Indy) March Racing Ltd March-Toyota 793
24/06/79 FIA European F3 Championship Rd.8 Italy Monza March Engineering Ltd March-Toyota 793
13/07/79 Vandervell British F3 Championship Rd.13 England Silverstone March Racing Ltd March-Toyota 793
05/08/79 Vandervell British F3 Championship Rd.14 England Snetterton March Racing Ltd March-Toyota 793
15/09/79 Vandervell British F3 Championship Rd.17 England Oulton Park March Racing Ltd March-Toyota 793
28/10/79 Vandervell British F3 Championship Rd.20 England Thruxton March Racing Ltd March-Toyota 793
1981
29/03/81 European Championship for F2 Drivers Rd.1 England Silverstone Ralt Racing Team Ralt-Honda RH6/81
1983
12/06/83 European Championship for F2 Drivers Rd.7 Spain Jarama Ralt Racing Ltd Ralt-Honda RH6/83H
1984
01/04/84 European Championship for F2 Drivers Rd.1 England Silverstone Ralt Racing Team Ralt-Honda RH6
23/04/84 European Championship for F2 Drivers Rd.3 England Thruxton Ralt Racing Team Ralt-Honda RH6
13/05/84 European Championship for F2 Drivers Rd.4 Italy Vallelunga Ralt Racing Team Ralt-Honda RH6
19/05/84 European Championship for F2 Drivers Rd.5 Italy Mugello Ralt Racing Team Ralt-Honda RH6
11/06/84 European Championship for F2 Drivers Rd.6 France Circuit de Pau Ralt Racing Team Ralt-Honda RH6
22/07/84 European Championship for F2 Drivers Rd.8 Italy Misano Ralt Racing Team Ralt-Honda RH6
29/07/84 European Championship for F2 Drivers Rd.9 Italy Enna-Perugsa Ralt Racing Team Ralt-Honda RH6
1985
24/03/85 International F3000 Championship Rd.1 England Silverstone Team Ralt Ralt-Cosworth RT20
02/06/85 International F3000 Championship Rd.6 Belgium Spa-Francorchamps Team Ralt Ralt-Cosworth RT20
28/07/85 International F3000 Championship Rd.8 Italy Enna-Perugsa Team Ralt Ralt-Cosworth RT20
1986
19/05/86 International F3000 Championship Rd.3 France Circuit de Pau Ralt Racing Team Ralt-Honda RT20
10/08/86 Japanese Formula 2 Championship Rd.6 Japan Fuji Marlboro Team Nova March-Mugen Honda 86J
24/08/86 World Sports-Prototype Championship Rd.7 Germany Nürburgring Kouros Racing Team
France Henri Pescarolo
Sauber-Mercedes-Benz C8
28/12/86 MANZ Formula Pacific International Championship Rd.1 Race 1 New Zealand Bay Park Ralt Australia Ralt-Ford RT4
28/12/86 MANZ Formula Pacific International Championship Rd.1 Race 2 New Zealand Bay Park Ralt Australia Ralt-Ford RT4
1987
04/01/87 MANZ Formula Pacific International Championship Rd.2 Race 1 New Zealand Pukehoke Ralt Australia Ralt-Ford RT4
12/04/87 All Japan Sports Prototype Championship Rd.1 Japan Suzuka From A Racing
Japan Hideki Okada
Porsche 962C

[30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38]

Complete European Formula Two Championship results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Pos Pts
1980 March Racing March 802 BMW THR
Ret
HOC
Ret
NÜR
10
VAL
4
PAU
4
SIL
3
ZOL
6
MUG
19
ZAN
Ret
PER
9
MIS
Ret
HOC
8th 11
1981 Ralt Racing Ltd. Ralt RH6/81 Honda SIL
1
HOC
3
THR
NÜR
VAL
MUG
5
PAU
6
PER
DSQ
SPA
Ret
DON
5
MIS
3
MAN
15
6th 22
1982 Horag Racing March 822 BMW SIL
Ret
THR
NÜR
Ret
MUG
8
VAL
9
PAU
3
SPA
3
HOC
10
DON
Ret
MAN
PER
MIS
10th 8
Bertram Schäefer Racing Maurer M82 BMW HOC
Ret
1983 Ralt Racing Ltd. Ralt RH6/83H Honda SIL
2
THR
2
HOC
3
NÜR
7
VAL
3
PAU
8
JAR
1
DON
2
MIS
Ret
PER
3
ZOL
2
MUG
2
2nd 51
1984 Ralt Racing Ltd. Ralt RH6 Honda SIL
1
HOC
2
THR
1
VAL
1
MUG
1
PAU
1
HOC
9
MIS
1
PER
1
DON
4
BRH
Ret
1st 72

Complete International Formula 3000 results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap.)

Year Entrant 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 DC Points
1985 Ralt Racing Ltd. SIL
1
THR
2
EST
NC
VAL
Ret
PAU
Ret
SPA
1
DIJ
2
PER
1
ZEL
9
ZAN
2
DON
Ret
2nd 45
1986 Hotz-Horag Racing/FTL SIL
4
VAL
PER
9
ZEL
BIR BUG
8th 10.5
Ralt Racing Ltd. PAU
1
SPA
IMO
MUG
JAR
Ret
1988 Ralt Racing Ltd. JER
VAL
PAU
7
SIL
MON
PER
BRH
BIR
BUG
ZOL
DIJ
- 0

Complete Formula One results[edit]

(key)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 WDC Points
1980 Warsteiner Arrows Racing Team Arrows A3 Cosworth V8 ARG
BRA
RSA
USW
BEL
MON
FRA
GBR
GER
AUT
NED
DNQ
ITA
NC 0
Candy Tyrrell Team Tyrrell 010 CAN
Ret
USA
DNQ
1984 Skoal Bandit F1 Team RAM 02 Hart S4 t/c BRA
RSA
BEL
SMR
FRA
MON
CAN
Ret
DET
DAL
GBR
NC 0
Tyrrell Racing Organisation Tyrrell 012 Cosworth V8 GER
DNQ
AUT
NED
ITA
EUR
POR

Complete CART results[39][edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position)

Year Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Rank Points
1984 Penske Racing United States
LBH
United States
PHX1
United States
INDY
United States
MIL
United States
POR
United States
MEA
United States
CLE
United States
MIS1
United States
ROA
United States
POC
United States
MDO
United States
SAN
United States
MIS2
United States
PHX2
United States
LS
Ret
United States
LVG
Ret
NC 0

24 Hours of Le Mans results[edit]

Year Team Co-Drivers Car Class Laps Pos. Class
Pos.
1985 Germany Kremer Porsche Racing France Jean-Pierre Jarier
Austria Franz Konrad
Porsche 962C C1 356 9th
1986 Switzerland Kouros Racing Team Denmark John Nielsen Sauber-Mercedes-Benz C8 C1 61 DNF
1987 Switzerland Kouros Racing France Henri Pescarolo
Japan Hideki Okada
Sauber-Mercedes-Benz C9 C1 123 DNF
Switzerland Kouros Racing Scotland Johnny Dumfries
United States Chip Ganassi
Sauber-Mercedes-Benz C9 C1 37 DNF

[38]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Motorsport Flashback – Mike Thackwell: Teenage Sensation – 224 « Classic cars
  2. ^ a b c Clark, Michael (21 April 2011). "Motorsport Flashback – Mike Thackwell: Teenage Sensation – 224". New Zealand Classic Car. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Smith, Damien (23 February 2012). "Surf's up for maverick Mike Thackwell". MotorSportn. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Teenager on Jones' trail". Sydney Morning Herald. 17 September 1980. p. 53. Retrieved 7 November 2011. 
  5. ^ "To compete at Belvedere motor race meeting". The Rhodesia Herald. 14 March 1957. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  6. ^ Edwards, Peter; Hillman, Wendy (2010). A School With A View: a centenary history of Christ Church Grammar School, Perth 1910-2010. Claremont: Christ Church Grammar School. p. 442. ISBN 9780646543734. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Mike Thackwell". Driver Database. Andreas Åberg. Retrieved 2012-04-26. 
  8. ^ "Dunlop Star of Tomorrow 1978". Driver Database. Andreas Åberg. Retrieved 2012-04-26. 
  9. ^ "Vandervell British F3 Championship 1979". Driver Database. Andreas Åberg. Retrieved 2012-04-26. 
  10. ^ "Formula 3 Europe 1979". Driver Database. Andreas Åberg. Retrieved 2012-04-26. 
  11. ^ "II RAC FOCA Trophy 1979". Driver Database. Andreas Åberg. Retrieved 2012-04-26. 
  12. ^ Constanduros, Bob. "Mike Thackwell: a record to beat". Grand Prix International (London: Grand Prix Publications Ltd) (24): 7, 18. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i http://www.grandprix.com.gpe/drv-thamik.html
  14. ^ Sporting Regulations: See Articles 155 through 157
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Mike Thackwell - Biography
  16. ^ a b c [1][dead link]
  17. ^ a b Formula 3 1979 - Championship Tables
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Mike Thackwell at Driver Database | Motorsport
  19. ^ a b Formula 2 1980 - Championship Tables
  20. ^ New Zealand F. Pacific series races « Atlantics « OldRacingCars.com
  21. ^ a b Mike Thackwell - ChicaneF1.com
  22. ^ a b Formula 2 1981 - Championship Tables
  23. ^ a b Formula 2 1982 - Championship Tables
  24. ^ a b Formula 2 1983 - Championship Tables
  25. ^ a b [2][dead link]
  26. ^ a b c d e f g [3][dead link]
  27. ^ 1984 European Touring Car Championship
  28. ^ 1984 PPG Indy Car World Series
  29. ^ http://www.motorsportsresults.com/monoplaces/FormulaPacific.nz.pdf
  30. ^ Formula 3 1979 - Race Index - Great Britain
  31. ^ [4][dead link]
  32. ^ [5][dead link]
  33. ^ [6][dead link]
  34. ^ [7][dead link]
  35. ^ European F3000 1985
  36. ^ International F3000 1986
  37. ^ [8][dead link]
  38. ^ a b Mike Thackwell (NZ) - All Results - Racing Sports Cars
  39. ^ "Mike Thackwell". ChampCarStats.com. ChampCarStats.com. Retrieved 2012-04-25. 

External links[edit]

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Jonathan Palmer
European Formula Two
Champion

1984
Succeeded by
Christian Danner
(International Formula 3000)
Records
Preceded by
Ricardo Rodríguez
19 years, 208 days
(1961 Italian GP)
Youngest Driver to start
a Formula One race

19 years, 182 days
(1980 Canadian Grand Prix)
Succeeded by
Jaime Alguersuari
19 years, 125 days
(2009 Hungarian GP)