Mikea people

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Distribution of Malagasy ethnic groups.

The Mikea are a group of Malagasy-speaking horticulturalists/foragers of southwestern Madagascar.[1] The Mikea speak a dialect of the Malagasy language, which is a branch of the Malayo-Polynesian language group derived from the Barito languages, spoken in southern Borneo.

Mikea identity is flexible and complex, linked to living in the forest and using forest resources; it does not constitute a Malagasy ethnic group per se but is often classified as an identity much like ethnic groups. Foraging and maize horticulture connect the Mikea with local, regional, and global economies. Being Mikea also entails managing connotations of primitivism[clarification needed] with the social and economic consequences of government, researcher, missionary, and tourist interest in hunter-gatherers.

See also Mikea Forest.


  1. ^ Bradt, Hilary; Austin, Daniel (2007). Madagascar (9th ed.). Guilford, CT: The Globe Pequot Press Inc. pp. 113–115. ISBN 1-84162-197-8. 
  • Kelly, R.L., J.-F. Rabedimy, and L. Poyer (1999). The Mikea of Madagascar. In R.B. Lee and R. Daly (Eds.), The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Hunters and Gatherers (pp. 215–219). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Pancorbo, Luis (2000): "Los mikeas de Madagascar" en "Tiempo de África". Pp. 234–245. Laertes, Barcelona. ISBN 84-7584-438-3

External Links Jean Pierre Dutilleux The Mikea LIVE HAPPY, LIVE IN HIDING Madagascar [1] THE MIKEA HUNTER-GATHERERS OF SOUTHWEST MADAGASCAR: ECOLOGY AND SOCIOECONOMICS Daniel STILES United Nations Environment Program African Study Monographs, 19(3): 127–148, November 1998 [2] Madagascar: Music of Mikea Province review[-]by Thom Jurek All Music [3] Research among Mikea of Madagascar University of Georgia Department of Anthropology [4]