Mikhail Artemyevich Muravyov
|Mikhail Artemyevich Muravyov|
September 25, 1880|
Burdukovo, Kostroma Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died||July 11, 1918
Simbirsk, Russian SFSR
|Allegiance||Russian Empire, Russian SFSR|
|Service/branch||Tsar's Army, Red Army|
|Years of service||1904–1918|
|Commands held||company of 122nd Tambov Infantry Regiment
Petrograd Military District
Armed forces against Kerensky
Chief of Staff for Antonov-Ovseyenko
Group of forces onto Kiev
Armed forces of Odessa
Red Army East Front
Simbirsk separatist forces
World War I
Russian Civil War
Mikhail Artemyevich Muravyov (Russian: Михаи́л Арте́мьевич Муравьёв) (September 25 [O.S. September 13] 1880 – July 11, 1918) was a Russian officer and war criminal who changed sides during the time of the Civil War.
He was born in a village of Burdukovo, near Vetluga Kostroma Governorate to a peasant family. In 1898 he entered the army, serving in the Russo-Japanese War and World War I, in which he was a lieutenant colonel on the Southwestern Front. After the February Revolution he organized volunteer units to continue the war, but he became disaffected from the Provisional Government and joined the Left Socialist-Revolutionaries. During the October Revolution he defended Petrograd against the forces of Alexander Kerensky, and in January 1918 he led Red Guard units against the Central Rada of Ukraine and the White forces of General Kaledin. However, after he had been named commander of the eastern front, fighting the Czechoslovak Legion, he heard of the Left SR uprising against the Bolsheviks in early July and left the front open, allowing the White capture of Simbirsk. Finding himself without support from his troops, he was captured by the Bolsheviks, resisted arrest, and was shot while trying to draw a gun.
Muravyov participated in the shootings of Ukrainian students in the Battle of Kruty.
- Hronos.ru biography page (in Russian)