Galitzine

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For Soviet defector to the United States, see Anatoliy Golitsyn. For contemporary photographer, see Grigori Galitsin.
Peter I permitted the Golitsyns to incorporate the emblem of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania into their coat of arms

The Galitzines[1] (Russian: Голи́цын, tr. Golitsyn; IPA: [ɡɐˈlʲit͡sɨn] ( )) are one of the largest and most noble of the princely houses of Russia. Since the extinction of the Korecki family in the 17th century, the Golitsyns have claimed dynastic seniority in the House of Gediminas. Its most notable members were Vasily Vasilyevich Galitzine, Boris Alexeyevich Galitzine and Dmitry Mikhaylovich Galitzine.

Origins[edit]

The family descends from a Lithuanian prince George, son of Patrikas and grandson of Narimantas. He emigrated to the court of Vasily I and married his sister. His children and grandchildren, such as Vassian Patrikeyev, were considered premier Russian boyars. One of them, Prince Mikhail Bulgakov, was nicknamed Galitsa for an iron glove he wore in the Battle of Orsha (1514). His great grandson Prince Vasily Golitsyn (+1619) was active during the Time of Troubles and went as an ambassador to Poland to offer the Russian crown to Prince Władysław.

Other notable Golitsyns[edit]

Field-Marshal Alexander M. Galitzine (1718–1783)
Galitzine family by Vladimir Borovikovsky (1810), National Museum in Warsaw

Vasily Vasilyevich Galitzine (1643–1714) was probably the greatest Russian statesman of the 17th century.

Dmitry's brother Mikhail (c.1674–1730) was a celebrated heroic soldier, 'prince valiant', who is best known for his governorship of Finland (1714–1721), where his magnanimous rule was remembered as noble and exemplary by the people he had conquered as the Greater Wrath (Swedish: Stora ofreden). General field marshal.

His younger brother, another Mikhail Mikhailovich Golitsyn (1684–1764) was general admiral of the Russian fleet (1756)

And Mikhail's son Alexander Mikhailovich (1718–1783) was a diplomat and soldier, who likewise rose to be field-marshal and governor of St. Petersburg.

Another son of Mikhail's, Dmitry Mikhailovich (1721–1793), was the Russian ambassador in Vienna during the reign of Catherine the Great. Primarily remembered for the splendid Galitzine Hospital he opened in Moscow, he should also be noted as a great friend and patron of Mozart.

Another Alexander Mikhailovich Golitsyn (1723–1804) son of general admiral Mikhail Mikhaylovich Golitsyn

Prince Dmitry Alekseyevech Golitsyn (1738–1803) was the Russian ambassador to Netherlands and a Fellow of the Royal Society.

A son of Dmitry Alekseyevich, prince Dmitry Dmitriyevich Golitsyn (1770–1840), also known as the Apostle of the Alleghenies, was the first Roman Catholic priest ordained in America; a settlement in Pennsylvania is named after him. He is currently under investigation for possible Sainthood, his current title is Servant of God.

Prince Dmitri Vladimirovich Golitsyn (1771–1844) fought bravely during the Napoleonic wars, was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant General and governed Moscow for 25 years.

Prince Alexander Nikolaievich (1773–1844) was a reactionary minister of education in the government of Alexander I. He headed an investigation into masonic involvement in the Decembrist uprising of 1825 and served as the Chairman of the State Council from 1838 to 1841.

Prince Nikolay Borisovich (1794–1866) was an amateur cellist who commissioned Beethoven to write his last string quartets, sometimes called the Galitzin quartets.

Prince Alexey Vasilyevich (1832–1901) was a friend of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Like the composer, Golitsyn was homosexual; but unlike the composer, he lived openly with his lover, Nikolay Vasilyevich Masalitinov (d. 1884).[2]

Prince Grigory Sergeyevich Golitsin (1838—1907) was a general and the Governor of Transcaucasia in 1897-1904.

Prince Lev Sergeyevich (June 24, 1845 - January 8, 1916 (June 12, 1845 - December 26, 1915, Old Style)) was one of the founders of wine-making in Crimea. In his Crimean estate of Novyi Svet he built the first Russian factory of champagne wines. In 1889 the production of this winery won the Gold Medal at the Paris exhibition in the nomination for sparkling wines. He became the surveyor of imperial vineyards at Abrau-Dyurso in 1891.

Prince Boris Borisovich (1862–1916) was a prominent physicist who invented the first electromagnetic seismograph in 1906.

Prince Nikolay Dmitriyevich Golitsyn (1850–1925) was the last Tsarist prime minister of Russia, at the time of the February Revolution.

Sergei Golitsyn (1909–1989) wrote Memoirs of a Survivor: The Golitsyn Family in Stalin's Russia, a memoir of his experiences of the period from the start of the Revolution in 1917 to Russia's entry into World War II in 1941.

Prince Yuri Galitzine Born Yokohama Japan 1919 One of the founders of public relations having written the handbook on the subject and pushed research on the family forward to being published in a book. He was also a member of The Right Society and yet championed action against concentration camps after being the first allied officer to witness one firsthand (Natzweiler)[3]

Princess Irene Galitzine (1916–2006) fashion designer.

Prince Georgy Sergeyevich Golitsyn (born 1935) is a Russian physicist noted for his research on the concept of nuclear winter.

Prince Leo Galitzine escaped from Soviet Russia during World War I and came to settle in Canada by 1929 in Edson, Alberta. He and his wife purchased 420 acres of land, one-quarter section from M. Sliva and a half-section from Neil Armstrong. Most of the property bordered the McLeod River. Other than the 110 acres of farm land, they owned 5 pairs of foxes, poultry, horses and cattle.[4] Galitzine, together with his wife, an Egyptian Princess, bought an airplane and started a charter company at Bear Lake. After the Princess died during a vacation to Europe, Leo moved to Hollywood where he was seen acting in various films as an extra. His most notable works are The Razor's Edge (1946 film) and The Chocolate Soldier. [5]

Prince George Golitzin was the associate producer for Pollyanna and Parent Trap. Prince George's children are Alexander, John, Katherin and George. Father Alexander (Golitzin) (born 1948),[6] is an Orthodox priest, monk, patristic scholar and professor of theology at Marquette University in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA. His work focuses on the discerning the roots of eastern Christian spirituality in Second Temple Judaism. In 2012 he became the Bishop of Toledo and the Bulgarian Diocese of the Orthodox Church in America. John Golitzin was an opera singer, now deceased. George Golitzin received his bachelors in Mathematics from Harvard University and PhD in Mathematics from Yale university, specializing in Algebraic Number Theory. [2]

The 18th-century view of the Galitzine Hospital in Moscow

.

Prince George's brother, Prince Alexander Golitzen was art director for hundreds of movies. He also built the sets for many an award ceremony.

Alexander Golitzen(Golitsyn), (Moscow, February 28, 1908 – San Diego, July 26, 2005) oversaw art direction on more than 300 movies. Prince Alexander Golitzen was born in Moscow, but fled the country with his family during the Russian Revolution. Travelling via Siberia and China, they arrived in Seattle, where Alexander graduated from high school. He then attended the University of Washington, where he achieved a degree in architecture. He started his art direction career in Los Angeles, as an assistant to Alexander Toluboff, an art director for MGM. He started working with Walter Wanger (a producer) in 1939 and they worked together for many movies. Starting in 1942, and continuing for the next 30 years, he became a unit art director, and later a supervising art director at Universal, overseeing dozens of productions. Alexander Golitzen earned an Academy Award nomination for Foreign Correspondent (1940), and received three Oscars for Phantom of the Opera in 1943, Spartacus in 1960 and To Kill a Mockingbird in 1962. He was also nominated for an Academy Award for his work on Sundown (1941), Arabian Nights (1942), The Climax (1944), Flower Drum Song (1961), That Touch of Mink (1962), Gambit (1966), Thoroughly Modern Millie (1967), Sweet Charity (1969), Airport (1970), and Earthquake (1974). He served on the Academy's board of directors for several years. Alexander was married for 72 years to Frances, who survived him. They had a daughter Cynthia, a son Peter, five grandchildren and a great-granddaughter.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Other spellings include: Golitsyn(a)(s), Golitzen(s), Golitsin(a)(s), Galitzin(a)(s), Galytzin(a)(s), and Galitsin(a)(s).
  2. ^ Alexander Poznansky, Tchaikovsky: The Quest for the Inner Man, many refs
  3. ^ http://foxleybooks.blogspot.com/p/research.html
  4. ^ Edson 75-Marguerite Ahlf
  5. ^ Edson 75-Marguerite Ahlf
  6. ^ [1]

References[edit]

External links[edit]