Mikhail Gurevich (psychiatrist)
|Mikhail Osipovich Gurevich|
18 September 1878|
the village of Sosnytsia, Chernigov Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died||16 November 1953
the Soviet Union
|Institutions||the Moscow University, the First Moscow Medical Institute, the Second Moscow Medical Institute, the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences|
|Alma mater||the Moscow University|
|Thesis||On Neurofibrils and Their Changes in Some Pathological Conditions (1908)|
|Doctoral advisor||Sergei Sukhanov|
|Known for||promoting Soviet child psychiatry and psychoneurology|
|Notable awards||the Order of the Red Banner of Labour, honoured worker of science of the RSFSR|
Mikhail Osipovich Gurevich (Russian: Михаи́л О́сипович Гуре́вич) (September 18, 1878, the village of Sosnytsia, Chernigov Governorate — November 16, 1953) was a Russian and Soviet psychiatrist, one of leaders of Russian psychoneurology, honoured worker of science of the RSFSR, and a full member of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences.
In 1904, he began to write his doctoral thesis On Neurofibrils and Their Changes in Some Pathological Conditions under the direction of S.А. Sukhanov, a closest collaborator of Sergey Korsakov, and defended the thesis in 1908.
In the 1920s, Gurevich along with V.А. Gilyarovsky became a pioneer of Soviet child psychiatry and published the manual Psychopathology of Childhood in 1927. Its second, considerably enlarged edition was published in 1932.
In 1950 and 1951, Gurevich along with Aleksandr Smaryan and Raisa Golant became the key target of harassment during Pavlovian sessions including the joint session held by the enlarged panel of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences and the plenum of the board of the All-Union Society of Neuropathologists and Psychiatrists from 11 to 15 October 1951. The members of the joint session made against Gurevich the accusation that “he hampered the development of domestic psychiatry.” Gurevich believed in these words and began to suffer from delusion of self-accusation, repeating “What have I done! You know, I ruined psychiatry and all my disciples who followed in my footsteps!” He did not manage to recover from that. He died on 16 November 1953.
- Платонов, Константин (2005). Мои личные встречи на великой дороге жизни (Воспоминания старого психолога). Москва: Изд-во «Институт психологии РАН». pp. 227–233. ISBN 5-9270-0055-X.
- Блейхер, Вадим (1984). Эпонимические термины в психиатрии, психотерапии и медицинской психологии. Словарь. Киев: Головное издательство Издательского объединения «Вища школа». p. 372.
- Савенко, Юрий (2009). "Михаил Осипович (Иосифович) Гуревич". Nezavisimiy Psikhiatricheskiy Zhournal (№ 3). Retrieved 4 July 2011.