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|Born||Mikhail Konstantinovich Kalatozov
28 December 1903
Tiflis (now Tbilisi), Georgia
|Died||27 March 1973
Moscow, Soviet Union (now Russia)
|Notable work(s)||Salt for Svanetia, The Cranes Are Flying, The Unsent Letter, I Am Cuba, The Red Tent|
Mikhail Konstantinovich Kalatozov (Georgian: მიხეილ კალატოზიშვილი, Russian: Михаи́л Константи́нович Калато́зов) (28 December 1903 – 27 March 1973), born Mikheil Kalatozishvili, was a Georgian/Russian film director. Born in Tiflis (now Tbilisi), he studied economics before starting his film career as an actor and later cinematographer.
He directed several documentary films, including Salt for Svanetia (1930), but was forced to withdraw from his profession after his film Nail in the Boot (1931) was banned by Stalinist censors. During World War II he directed several propaganda films and worked as a cultural attaché at the Soviet embassy in the United States.
During the 1950s he directed several other films. His four final features, The Cranes Are Flying (1957), The Unsent Letter (1959), I Am Cuba (1964), and The Red Tent (1971), are among his most famous works.
He died in Moscow.
- 1928 Their Empire; co-directed with Nutsa Gogoberidze
- 1930 The Blind Woman; lost film
- 1930 Salt for Svanetia; documentary
- 1931 Nail in the Boot
- 1939 Courage
- 1941 Valery Chkalov
- 1942 Invincible
- 1950 Plot of the Doomed
- 1953 Hostile Whirlwinds
- 1954 True Friends
- 1955 The First Echelon
- 1957 The Cranes Are Flying
- 1959 The Unsent Letter
- 1964 I Am Cuba
- 1971 The Red Tent