Mikhail Kasyanov

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mikhail Kasyanov
Михаил Касьянов
Mikhail Kasyanov, February 2000.jpg
Prime Minister of Russia
In office
7 May 2000 – 24 February 2004
President Vladimir Putin
Preceded by Vladimir Putin
Succeeded by Viktor Khristenko
First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia
In office
10 January 2000 – 17 May 2000
Prime Minister Vladimir Putin
Preceded by Vladimir Putin
Succeeded by Post abolished
(Dmitry Medvedev in 2005)
Personal details
Born (1957-12-08) 8 December 1957 (age 56)
Moscow, Russian SFSR, U.S.S.R
Nationality Russian
Political party People's Democratic Union (since 2006)
PARNAS (2010-2012)
Republican Party of Russia - PARNAS (since 2012)
Spouse(s) Irene
Children Natalia
Alexander
Religion Russian Orthodox
recorded November 2012

Problems playing this file? See media help.

Mikhail Mikhailovich Kasyanov (Russian: Михаи́л Миха́йлович Касья́нов - Russian pronunciation: [mʲɪxɐˈil mʲɪˈxajləvʲɪtɕ kɐˈsʲjanəf]; born 8 December 1957) is a Russian statesman and politician, who was the Prime Minister of Russia from May 2000 to February 2004 and minister of finance in 1999-2000. Currently, he is a co-chair of the political party RPR-PARNAS, the leader of movement People's Democratic Union and an outspoken critic of Vladimir Putin.

Kasyanov was one of the leaders of the opposition coalition The Other Russia[1] and an active participant of Dissenters' Marches. In 2008 he was refused registration as a candidate on the election of President of Russia.

In 2010 he co-founded the coalition For Russia without Lawlessness and Corruption and was co-chair of the People's Freedom Party. Since 2012 Mikhail Kasyanov is a co-chair of the registered political party, Republican Party of Russia – People's Freedom Party (RPR-PARNAS). He is an active speaker during protest rallies For Fair Elections.

Biography[edit]

In 1976 Kasyanov graduated from the Moscow Automobile and Road University.[2] He is married to Irina Kasyanova, whom he met in school in the eighth grade. They have a daughter.[3]

Political career[edit]

Kasyanov was dismissed, along with the entire Russian cabinet, by President Vladimir Putin on 24 February 2004 after more than three years in office.

During this term Kasyanov’s government made serious breakthroughs in launching and successfully finalizing reforms in many areas of the Russian economy and public sector – tax and fiscal reforms, customs reform, pension reform, reorganization of the national infrastructure (energy sector, railways). Inflation was reduced significantly and the Russian economy grew by almost one third. At the same time, the urgent policy of economic diversification had just started and was not fully implemented.

On the first anniversary of his dismissal (24 February 2005) Kasyanov gave a press conference at which he said that he might run for president in the 2008 elections. His bid was tentatively supported by billionaires Leonid Nevzlin [4] and Boris Berezovsky [5] (both in exile after corruption indictments against them in Russia), and also by former chess world champion Garry Kasparov.

Kasyanov with Vladimir Putin, 2000

In April 2006 Mikhail Kasyanov was elected Chairman of the People’s Democratic Union (PDU), a newly launched NGO. PDU was one of the co-founders of the first "The Other Russia" conference [2] in July 2006 and of the "The Other Russia" coalition that was set up at the conference. Kasyanov and the PDU were actively involved in the coalition's work and took part in the Dissenters' Marches [3] in Moscow and St.Petersburg – the first protest manifestations in many years. On 3 March 2007, Kasparov and Kasyanov spoke against Putin's government to thousands of supporters at the Saint Petersburg Dissenters' March.[6]

At a presentation in International Institute for Strategic Studies 26 June 2006, Kasyanov criticized Putin's administration. He said: "Separation of powers has been effectively demolished and replaced by the so-called ‘Vertical of Power’ which is based on the false idea that all the meaningful social and political processes must be kept under control by the state. The government and parliament cannot function any longer without daily instructions. The judiciary is increasingly servile. Independent TV does not exist any more at the federal level and is being quickly uprooted in the regions. Moreover, the state-owned companies and the state itself increase their grip over the electronic and printed media. Responsibility of the regional level of power is totally destroyed by the abolishment of direct elections for the governors."[7]

Now PDU had regional branches in 75 regions of Russia.[8] In June 2007 Kasyanov was nominated by the PDU as a candidate for the presidential elections. In September 2007 the new political party People for Democracy and Justice (ru:Народ за демократию и справедливость)[9] was established on the basis of the PDU, and Kasyanov was elected its chairman.

2008 presidential candidacy[edit]

Kasyanov on opposition meeting

In 2006 Kasyanov stated his desire to run for President of Russia in 2008. Kasyanov left (opposition group) The Other Russia in July 2007 due to the group's failure to agree on a single presidential candidate.[1] Kasyanov was nominated as a candidate in December 2007 and on 16 January 2008 he stated that he had finished collecting the 2 million signatures necessary to run as a candidate.[10] Later in the month, however, the Central Election Commission rejected his candidacy on the grounds that 13.36% of the signatures were invalid.[11] Kasyanov claimed that the decision to prevent his candidacy was taken by Putin himself, who was afraid that in a fair election Medvedev might lose.[12] Kasyanov described the election as a farce, calling for a boycott.[13]

The presentation of Kasyanov's book Without Putin in the Ukrainian capital Kiev on 18 December 2009 was cancelled merely minutes before its planned opening.[14] Kasyanov's press secretary claimed that the electricity went out in the Premier Palace Hotel minutes before the presentation was to start and that some 20 young men had blocked the entrance to the hotel to keep attendees from entering.[14]

Fraud accusations and court case[edit]

Allegations that Kasyanov took a two percent commission in exchange for ignoring bribes and illegal business ventures whilst he was working at the Ministry of Finance between 1993 and 1999 led to him being dubbed as "Misha 2 percent" in the Russian media.[15][16] In Russia's uncertain economic future, written for the United States Congress Joint Economic Committee, the allegations are described as credible,[17] and a Spiegel article from 2007 notes that Kasyanov insists that his only earnings as a public servant was his government salary and he was only involved in one private business venture since leaving the post of prime minister. The same article also claims that Kasyanov purchased the state-owned dacha of former Communist Party of the Soviet Union ideologue Mikhail Suslov which was worth several million euros.[15]

On 11 July 2005, the Russian Office of Public Prosecutor started to investigate the privatization of two houses formerly owned by the government. According to allegations first made by the journalist and State Duma member Aleksandr Hinshtein,[18] two luxury government houses had been put up for sale in 2003 by a Kasyanov decree. According to the court verdict of 16 March 2007, he was to return a house and pay 108,135,000 rubles in damages to the government for using the property illegally (approx. USD 4,150,000 or €3,130,000). In 2007, Kasyanov was still planning to appeal.[19]

Political Career Timeline[edit]

  • 1981-90: Engineer; leading economist; Senior Specialist; Head of Section, Department of Foreign Economic Relations of the State Planning Committee of the RSFSR.
  • 1990: appointed Head of Section, Sub-department of Foreign Economic Relations of the State Planning Committee of the RSFSR.
  • 1991: Deputy Head, Sub-department, then Head, Sub-department of Foreign Economic Relations of the Ministry of Economy of the Russian Federation.
  • 1992-93: Head, Consolidation Department of the Ministry of Economy of the Russian Federation.
  • 1993-95: Head, Department of Foreign Credits and External Debt of the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation and Member of the Board of the Ministry of Finance.
  • 1995: appointed Deputy Minister of Finance.
  • 1999: appointed First Deputy Minister of Finance.
  • May 1999: appointed Minister of Finance of the Russian Federation.
  • January 2000: appointed First Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation.
  • May 2000: Prime Minister of the Russian Federation.
  • February 2004: Sacked by President Putin along with the entire cabinet.
  • March 2005: Mikhail Kasyanov launched his advisory firm MK Analytica. He started to vocally criticize Russian authorities for their anti-democratic drift and declared his intention to take part in the presidential elections in 2008 to change the general political course of the country.
  • April 2006: Chairman of the People’s Democratic Union (PDU), a newly launched NGO.
  • June 2007: Nominated by the PDU as a candidate for the presidential elections.
  • July 2007: due to the group's failure to agree on a single presidential candidate Kasyanov leaves The Other Russia.[1]
  • September 2007: Chairman of the new political party "People for Democracy and Justice" established on the basis of PDU.
  • December 2007: approved by a congress of supporters as a candidate for the presidential elections.
  • January 2008: The Central Election Commission of Russia (ЦИК) barred his candidacy for the presidential elections, citing an excess of forgeries within his required two million signatures.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Former Russian Premier Leaves Opposition Group, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (3 July 2007)
  2. ^ KASYANOV, Mikhail Mikhailovich Russia Profile
  3. ^ Online Gazeta
  4. ^ Новости NEWSru.com :: Леонид Невзлин готов поддержать Михаила Касьянова, если он пойдет на выборы президента в 2008 году
  5. ^ Новости NEWSru.com :: Березовский нашел замену Путину после неизбежной революции в России
  6. ^ Police and Protesters Clash in St. Petersburg The New York Times 4 March 2007
  7. ^ Address on "Russia's G8 Presidency: Challenges and Opportunities".[dead link] 26 June 2006
  8. ^ "Регионы, в которых созданы отделения РНДС". Россйиский Народно-Демократический Союз. 
  9. ^ RIA Novosti - Russia - Ex-premier Kasyanov to set up political party
  10. ^ Трое сдали, двое дописывают Gazeta 15 January 2008
  11. ^ CEC dismissed Kasyanov Top News 27 January 2008
  12. ^ Russia Bars Opposition Candidate From March 2 Ballot The New York Times 28 January 2008
  13. ^ Kasyanov barred from Russian poll BBC News, 27 January 2008.
  14. ^ a b Russian Opposition Leader's Book Premiere Blocked In Kyiv, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (3 July 2007)
  15. ^ a b Klussmann, Uwe (15 March 2007). "Kasparov Takes on Putin's Russia". Spiegel. Retrieved 12 June 2009. 
  16. ^ Shevtsova, Lilia (2005). "Putin, the New Russian Leader". Putin's Russia. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. p. 88. ISBN 0-87003-213-5. Retrieved 12 June 2009. 
  17. ^ Hardt, John Pearce (2003). "Russia's Evolution as a Predatory State". Russia's uncertain economic future. M.E. Sharpe. pp. 352–353. ISBN 0-7656-1207-0. Retrieved 12 June 2009. 
  18. ^ [1][dead link]
  19. ^ Суд обязал экс-премьера Касьянова вернуть государству дачу "Сосновка-1" News.ru 16 March 2007

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Vladimir Putin
Prime Minister of Russia
2000–2004
Succeeded by
Mikhail Fradkov