Mikhail Kvetsinsky

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Mikhail Fyodorovich Kvetsinsky
Born (1866-01-03)January 3, 1866
Moscow Governorate, Russian Empire
Died March 31, 1923(1923-03-31) (aged 57)
Lillehammer, Norway
Buried at city's cemetery of Lillehammer
Allegiance  Russian Empire, Ukrainian State,[1] White Movement
Service/branch Army
Years of service 1891–1920
Rank Lieutenant-General (1915)
Commands held Mukden garrison (chief)
1st East-Siberian Rifle Regiment
21st Infantry Division
3rd Army
Kiev Military District
Battles/wars Russo-Japan War
World War I
Anti-Bolshevik Struggle
Awards Order of Saint George, 4th Class (1915)

Mikhail Fyodorovich Kvetsinsky (Russian: Михаи́л Фёдорович Квецинский) (January 3, 1866 – March 31, 1923) was a Russian officer and a military administrator. He became a Lieutenant-General on February 28, 1915.

His education he obtained at the third Alexandrov's Institute, graduating it in 1885 as an infantry officer and soon enrolling into the Nikolayev Academy of General Staff which he finished it in 1891.

Military career[edit]

At first he was commissioned into the 8th artillery brigade.

Staff adjutant[edit]

Since February 9, 1892 he was a senior staff adjutant of the 17th Infantry Division (ID) and since October 12 the same year he was the assistant to the senior staff adjutant of the Warsaw Military District. February 1, 1893 he was appointed as the senior staff adjutant of the 3rd Guard ID.

Staff officer[edit]

From December 6, 1893 until February 25, 1902 he was assigned as a staff officer to the headquarters of the 1st East-Siberian Rifle Brigade. July 15-September 8, 1900 he was the Chief of Staff of the South-Manchuria military unit. Since February 25, 1901 - duty staff officer of the Kwantung armed forces field headquarters.

Commanding officer[edit]

Since June 2, 1901 - acting military commissioner at the Mukden court, February 27 of next year in the Mukden government. From February 23, 1904 he was the chief of Mukden garrison and the participant of the Russo-Japanese War. From March 9, 1904 he was assigned to the namestnik court of the Russian Far East and since September 6, 1905 was chief of staff of the Russian Far East armed forces. From December 27, 1906 he was the commander of the 1st East-Siberian Rifle Regiment.

World War I[edit]

On July 6, 1910 he was appointed the chief of staff at the 3rd Caucasus Army Corps with which he entered World War I as part of the 3rd Army of the South-Western front. For his achievements in battles near the town of Kodenitsy in September 1914 he was awarded the Order of Saint George of IV grade (order of April 15, 1915). Since January 8, 1915 he was the commander of the 21st ID. On February 8, 1915 he was transferred as the chief of staff to the 2nd Army of general V. V. Smirnov. From September 21, 1915 chief of staff of the Western front armies, the closest assistant to general Alexei Evert where actively participated in the planning for the military front operations. On April 3, 1917 he was appointed as the commander of the 3rd Army which was at the left wing of the Western front covering the Polotsk direction. He attempted to resolve the revolutionary situation in his units and even achieved from the Army Committee deportation to the rear of the most revolutionary adjusted saboteurs. At the start of the June Advance the army consisted of the 5th, 15th, 20th, and 35th Army Corps, but it did not participated in the advance.

Struggle against the Bolshevik agitators[edit]

After the July activities partook serious preventive actions to cease the revolutionary agitation in the army including after artillery fire the decommissioning of the 693rd Infantry Slutsk Regiment (174th ID, 20th Army Corps) which refused to surrender the Bolshevik agents. From the October 20, 1917 became the commander of the Kiev Military District and unsuccessfully tried to extinguish the Kiev Bolshevik Uprising. He showed himself as a non-initiative leader and virtually surrendered his officers to the Bolsheviks.

End of Career[edit]

When general Miller was appointed the head of the anti-Bolshevik government of the Sever Oblast in January 1919 Kvetsinsky was placed as the chief of his headquarters. Later Kvetsinsky was requested to resign, yet remained the chief of staff until the evacuation of the Russian forces in February 1920. He emigrated to Tromse, Norway along with the rest of the Miller's government officials on ice-breaker Kuzma Minin. During the withdrawal from Arkhangelsk a sea battle took place between two ice-breakers which is the only battle in the history involving ice-breakers.[2] For a short while the Russian immigrants were interned in the Swedish military camp Wernesmoen. Upon release Kvetsinsky worked as a bootman, but later moved to Lillehammer, Norway. There he found job at the local brewery while also driving a taxicab. His son Vasiliy who was a captain in the Russian Army enrolled into the Norwegian Institute of Technology in Trondheim. After couple of years Kvetsinsky became sick and was put into a local Red Cross hospital where he died after several months on March 31, 1923. He was buried at the city's cemetery in Lillehammer.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biography
  2. ^ Russian flag in the Norway monastery (Russian)

External links[edit]