Mikhail Shifman

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mikhail Shifman
M. Shifman, 2012.jpg
Born (1949-04-04)April 4, 1949
Riga, Latvia
Fields Theoretical High Energy Physics
Institutions William I Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Minnesota
Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP)
Alma mater Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
Academic advisors Boris L. Ioffe
Known for Penguin mechanism
Quantum Chromodynamics
Invisible axion
Nonperturbative supersymmetry
Supersymmetric gauge theories
Notable awards

Humboldt Research Award (1993)
Sakurai Prize (1999)

Lilienfeld Prize (2006)
Chaires Blaise Pascal (2007)
Pomeranchuk Prize (2013)

Mikhail "Misha" Arkadyevich Shifman (Russian: Михаи́л Арка́дьевич Ши́фман; born 4 April 1949) is a theoretical physicist (high energy physics), formerly at Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow, currently Ida Cohen Fine Professor of Theoretical Physics, William I Fine Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Minnesota.

Important discoveries[edit]

He is known for a number of basic contributions to Quantum Chromodynamics, the theory of strong interactions, and to understanding of supersymmetric gauge dynamics. The most important results due to M. Shifman are diverse and include (i) the discovery of the penguin mechanism in the flavor-changing weak decays (1974);[1] (ii) introduction of the gluon condensate and development of the SVZ sum rules relating properties of the low-lying hadronic states to the vacuum condensates (1979);[2] (iii) introduction of the invisible axion (1980)[3] (iv) first exact results in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories (NSVZ beta function, gluino condensate,1983–1988);[4] (v) heavy quark theory based on the operator product expansion (1985–1995);[5] (vi) critical domain walls (D-brane analogs) in super-Yang-Mills (1996);[6] (vii) non-perturbative (exact) planar equivalence between super-Yang-Mills and orientifold non-supersymmetric theories (2003);[7] (viii) non-Abelian flux tubes and confined monopoles (2004).[8] His paper with A. Vainshtein and Zakharov on the SVZ sum rules[2] is among the all-time top cited papers in high-energy physics.

Honors and awards[edit]

Mikhail Shifman received the Alexander-von-Humboldt Award in 1993, the Sakurai Prize in 1999 and the Julius Edgar Lilienfeld Prize in 2006; he is the 2007 laureate of the Blaise Pascal Chair. 2013 Pomeranchuk Prize. Fellow of the American Physical Society.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ M. Shifman, A. Vainshtein, and V. Zakharov; Zakharov; Shifman (1975). "A possible mechanism for the Δ T=1/2 rule in nonleptonic decays of strange particles". JETP Letters 22: 55. Bibcode:1975JETPL..22...55V. 
    M. Shifman, A. Vainshtein, and V. Zakharov (1977). "Asymptotic freedom, light quarks and the origin of the ? rule in the non-leptonic decays of strange particles". Nuclear Physics B 120 (2): 316. Bibcode:1977NuPhB.120..316S. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(77)90046-3. 
    M. Shifman, A. Vainshtein, and V. Zakharov (1977). Soviet Physics JETP 45: 670. 
  2. ^ a b M. Shifman, A. Vainshtein, and V. Zakharov (1979). "QCD and resonance physics. theoretical foundations". Nuclear Physics B 147 (5): 385. Bibcode:1979NuPhB.147..385S. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(79)90022-1. 
  3. ^ M. Shifman, A. Vainshtein, and V. Zakharov (1980). "Can confinement ensure natural CP invariance of strong interactions?". Nuclear Physics B 166 (3): 493. Bibcode:1980NuPhB.166..493S. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(80)90209-6. 
  4. ^ V. Novikov, M. Shifman, A. Vainshtein, and V. Zakharov (1983). "Exact Gell-Mann-Low function of supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories from instanton calculus". Nuclear Physics B 229 (2): 381. Bibcode:1983NuPhB.229..381N. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(83)90338-3. 
    V. Novikov, M. Shifman, A. Vainshtein, and V. Zakharov (1986). "The beta function in supersymmetric gauge theories. Instantons versus traditional approach". Physics Letters B 166 (3): 329. Bibcode:1986PhLB..166..329N. doi:10.1016/0370-2693(86)90810-5. 
    M. Shifman and A. Vainshtein (1988). "On gluino condensation in supersymmetric gauge theories with SU(N) and O(N) groups". Nuclear Physics B 296 (2): 445. Bibcode:1988NuPhB.296..445S. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(88)90680-3. 
  5. ^ M. Shifman, M. Voloshin (1987). Soviet Journal of Nuclear Physics 45: 292. 
    M. Shifman, M. Voloshin (1988). Soviet Journal of Nuclear Physics 47: 511. 
    I. Bigi, M. Shifman, N. Uraltsev and A. Vainshtein (1993). "QCD predictions for lepton spectra in inclusive heavy flavor decays". Physical Review Letters 71 (4): 496–499. arXiv:hep-ph/9304225. Bibcode:1993PhRvL..71..496B. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.71.496. PMID 10055291. 
  6. ^ G. Dvali and M. Shifman (1997). "Full Length Article". Physics Letters B 396: 64. arXiv:hep-th/9612128. Bibcode:1997PhLB..396...64D. doi:10.1016/S0370-2693(97)00131-7. 
  7. ^ A. Armoni, M. Shifman, and G. Veneziano (2003). "Exact results in non-supersymmetric large N orientifold field theories". Nuclear Physics B 667: 170. arXiv:hep-th/0302163. Bibcode:2003NuPhB.667..170A. doi:10.1016/S0550-3213(03)00538-8. 
  8. ^ M. Shifman and A. Yung (2004). "Non-Abelian string junctions as confined monopoles". Physical Review D 70 (4): 045004. arXiv:hep-th/0403149. Bibcode:2004PhRvD..70d5004S. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.70.045004. 

Selected books[edit]

External links[edit]