Mikhail Tereshchenko

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Mikhail Tereshchenko
Михаил Терещенко
Mikhail Ivanovich Tereshchenko.jpg
First Finance Minister of Russian Provisional Government
In office
17 March 1917 – 4 May 1917
Foreign Minister of Russia
In office
5 May 1917 – 26 October 1917
Preceded by Pavel Milyukov
Personal details
Born (1886-03-18)18 March 1886
Kiev, Russian Empire (now Ukraine)
Died 1 April 1956(1956-04-01) (aged 70)
Monaco
Spouse(s) Margaret Noe (?-1923)
Ebba Horst (1926-?)
Children a daughter
a daughter
Petr Tereshchenko (1917-?)[1]

Mikhail Ivanovich Tereshchenko (Russian: Михаи́л Ива́нович Тере́щенко; Ukrainian: Михайло Іванович Терещенко) (18 March 1886, Kiev – 1 April 1956, Monaco) was the foreign minister of Russia from 5 May 1917 to 25 October 1917. He was also a major Ukrainian landowner, owner of several sugar factories, and financier.

Biography[edit]

Born to a rich Tereshchenko family of a sugar factory owners, entrepreneurs, philanthropists, and art patrons of Ivan Nikolayevich (1854–1903) and Yelizaveta Mikhailovna. Mikhail had a younger brother Mykola (1894-?). His uncle Aleksandr Tereshchenko (1856–1911) worked in Saint-Petersburg. Mikhail Tereshchenko graduated from Kiev University and Leipzig University. In 1910, he joined the Freemasonry and became one of the five prominent Masons in Russia (the other four being Alexander Konovalov, Alexander Kerensky, Nikolai Nekrasov, and Ivan Yefremov). Mikhail Tereshchenko was a member of the Fourth State Duma (he shared the views of the Russian Progressive Party). In 1912–1914, Tereshchenko was the owner of a private publishing house Sirin in St Petersburg, which published Andrey Bely's pioneering novel Petersburg in three installments in 1913-14. During World War I, he took part in organizing the Red Cross hospitals. In 1915–1917, Mikhail Tereshchenko was the chairman of the Military Industry Committee of the Kiev district and deputy chairman of the All-Russian Military Industry Committee. After the February Revolution of 1917, Mikhail Tereshchenko was appointed Minister of Finance of the Provisional Kerensky Government. In April 1917, Tereshchenko (together with Kerensky and Nekrasov) was actively seeking to create a governmental interparty coalition with the Socialists. On 5 May 1917, he was appointed minister of foreign affairs after the resignation of Pavel Milyukov. Tereshchenko continued his foreign policy course, which led to his conflict with Minister of War Alexander Verkhovsky, who had considered Russia to be unable to continue the war. He was a member of the Directory in 1917. Tereshchenko was known to support the Ukrainian government that led to the establishment and recognition of the General Secretariat in Ukraine 1917.

On the night of 26 October, Mikhail Tereshchenko was arrested in the Winter Palace with other ministers of the Provisional Government and placed into the Peter and Paul Fortress. In the spring of 1918, he escaped from prison and fled to Norway with the Tereshchenko blue diamond and then France. Tereshchenko was one of the supporters of allied intervention in Soviet Russia. In 1920s and 1930s, he was engaged in financial activities in France and Madagascar.

Memberships[edit]

  • Freemason Halpern's Lodge
  • the All-Russian Association of Sugar factories
  • Volga-Kama Bank
  • Kiev department of the Azov-Don Bank

References[edit]

  1. ^ Genealogy of Tereshchenkos

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Pavel Miliukov
Foreign Minister of Russia
5 May 1917 – 26 October 1917
Succeeded by
Leon Trotsky