Mikhail Tugan-Baranovsky

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Myhaylo Tugan-Baranovsky
Mykhaylo Tuhan-Baranovsky
Михайло Іванович Туган-Барановський
Mikhail Ivanovich Tugan-Baranovskij.jpg
Secretary of Finance
In office
August 13, 1917 – November 20, 1917
Prime Minister Volodymyr Vynnychenko
Preceded by Khrystofor Baranovsky
Succeeded by Vasyl Mazurenko (temporary)
Personal details
Born (1865-01-20)January 20, 1865
village of Solonom, Russian Empire
Died January 21, 1919(1919-01-21) (aged 54)
Odessa, Kherson Governorate, Ukraine
Political party Cadet (until 1917), UPSF
Alma mater Kharkiv University
Occupation academician, statesman, public activist
Monument to Myhaylo Tugan-Baranovsky (near Donetsk Commercial University).

Myhaylo Tuhan-Baranovsky (Ukrainian: Михайло Туган-Барановський) (1865, Kharkov Governorate – 1919, Odessa) was a Ukrainian politician, statesman, and noted Russian-Ukrainian economist, a tutor of Nikolai Kondratiev. He earned his Ph.D. in Economics in 1899. He is the author of numerous works concerning the value theory, the distribution of a social revenue, history of managerial development, and fundamentals of cooperative managerial activities.

Early life[edit]

He was born in the village of Solonom, Kharkov Governorate. His father's genealogical line descends from the Lipka Tatar[1] settlers in 14th-century Lithuania (full name - Tugan-Mirze-Baranovsky), his mother was an ethnic Ukrainian from the Poltava region. Tugan-Baranovsky graduated from the Natural-Mathematical and Law-Economics Departments of Kharkiv University, supplementing his studies in England (1892). His first scientific work he published in the journal Yuridicheskiy Vestnik (Jurisprudence Informer), "The study of a marginal utility of consumer goods as the reason for their value" (Uchenie o predel'noi poleznosti khoziaystvennykh blag kak prichina ikh tsennosti), in which he spoke critically of the labor theory of value and the marginal utility. He also wrote several biographical notes on lives of Proudhon and J. S. Mill. For his publication The Industrial crises in contemporary England, their reasons and influence on public life Tugan-Baranovsky received the title of Magister in Political Economics from Moscow University in 1894. In 1895 he became a member of the Free Economical Association, of which he became the chairman in 1896. There he was an active participant of the forum discussions between Narodniks and Marxists. Along with Peter Struve he became a supporter of what V.I. Lenin and others called legal Marxism. Since 1895 Tugan-Baranovsky was privat-dotsent (unremunerated lecturer) in Political Economics at Sankt Petersburg University, from where he was fired in 1899 for liberal views. During this time there his work The Russian Factory in Past and Present appeared,[2] for which in 1898 he received a doctorate from Moscow University

Interest in Neokantianism[edit]

In 1901-1905 Tugan-Baranovsky participated in the public life of the Poltava region where he joined the local zemstvo (a form of local government). Later he returned to Saint-Petersburg, lecturing as private docent and as professor in the economics departments of various local polytechnic and commercial institutes and also at the private university of Shaniavsky in Moscow. During the early years of the 20th century he completely moved away from the popular views of legal Marxism towards the neokantianism that is reflected in his various works regarding the cooperative movement. In 1901-1902 Tugan-Baranovsky published his "Notes from the History of Political Economics" in the journal Narodnoe Bagatstvo (National Wealth), where he described the history of economics doctrines in the Russian Empire, and "Notes of the Newest History in Political Economics" (1903). This work was translated into German in 1915. Later he published various other works in Russian and German as well. In 1919 his first publication in Ukrainian appeared, Cooperation, its nature and goals. Other works continued to appear up until 1923. Since 1906 he was the chief editor of Vestnik Kooperatsii (Cooperative Digest). Before World War I he worked, along with Mykhailo Hrushevskyi and other Ukrainian academicians, on the encyclopedia Ukrainsky narod v ego proshlom i nastoyaschem (The Ukrainian nation in its past and present). As the member of the Ukrainian Party of Socialist-Federalists quit the General Secretariat on November 20, 1917 in the protest to the proclamation of the Third Universal of the Central Rada that advocated a wider autonomy to Ukraine.

Mikhail Tugan-Baranovsky was one of the founders of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine, as well as the Secretary of Finance of the Ukrainian Peoples Republic. His major work is The Russian Factory in Past and Present (1898).

Preceded by
Khrystofor Baranovsky
General Secretary of Finance
August 14, 1917–November 20, 1917
Succeeded by
Vasyl Mazurenko (acting)


  • Michaelides, P., Milios, J. and Vouldis, A. (2007), Emil Lederer and the Schumpeter, Hilferding, Tugan-Baranowsky Nexus, Research Workshop in Political Economy, International Initiative for the Promotion of Political Economy, organized by : University of London and University of Crete, Rethymnon, 14–16 September.
  • Michaelides, P., Milios, J. and Vouldis, A. (2007), Schumpeter and Lederer on Economic Growth, Technology and Credit, European Association for Evolutionary Political Economy, Proceedings of the 19th Annual International Conference, Porto, 2007, 1–3 November (CD-ROM).
  • Michaelides, P., Milios, J. and Vouldis, A. (2007), Schumpeter, Lederer and Hilferding, on Economic Development, Credit and Business Cycles, 9th International Conference of Greek Historians of Economic Thought, University of Macedonia, 11–12 May.
  • Diel К. Dr. Michael Tugan-Baranowskys theoretische Grundlagen des Marxismus. Jahrbücher fur Nationalökonomie und Statistik, vol. XXXI (Dr. T.-B., theoretical fundamentalist of Marxism. Yearbook for the National Economy and Statistics). Jena 1906;
  • Bernstein E. Tugan-Baranowsky als Sozialist. Archiv für Sozialwissenschaft und Sozialpolitik, vol. XXVIII (T.-B. as Socialist. Archive for Social Science and Social Politics) 1909;
  • Дмитриев В. Новый русский трактат по теории политической экономии. Русская Мысль, book XI. 1909;
  • Курский Л. Теория рынка и промышленных кризисовъ М. И. Туган-Барановскаго. М. 1916;
  • Птуха М. Туган-Барановский как экономист. Кооперативная Зоря, parts 4 — 5. К. 1919;
  • Кондратиефф Н. Михаил Иванович Туган-Барановский. П. 1923;
  • Голдман М. Туган-Барановщина: к критике буржуазной политической экономии. П. 1926;
  • Gerschenkron A. Die Genossenschaftstheorie Tugan-Baranowskis. Vierteljahrschrift für Genossenschaften, parts 3 — 4. 1929 — 30;
  • Gotz W. Zum ökonomischen System Tugan-Baranowsky. Riga 1930;
  • Wytanowicz E. M. I. Tuhan-Baranowski: teoretyk-ekonomista, historyk kapitalizmu, socjolog, twórca teoretycznych podstaw idei spółdzielczej. Roczniki dziejów społecznych і gospodarczych, vol. І. Л. 1931;
  • Мицюк О. Наукова діяльність політико-економіста М. І. Туган-Барановського. Л. 1931;
  • Moisseev M. L'évolution d'une doctrine. La theorie des crises de Tougan-Baranoysky et la conception moderne des crises économiques. Revue d'histoire économique et sociale. vol. XX. Paris 1932;
  • Tschebotareff V. Untersuchungen über die Krisentheorie von Michael von Tugan-Baranowsky. Вюрцбурґ 1936;
  • Timoshenko V. M. I. Tugan-Baranovsky and Western European Economic Thought. The Annals of the Ukrainian Academy of Arts and Sciences in the U.S.A. vol. З, part 9. New-York 1954;
  • Kowal L. M. I. Tuhan-Baranowsky, His Political Teaching, Scientific and Cooperative Activity in Ukraine, 1917 — 1919. НЗ УТГІ. Munich 1968 — 69;
  • Качор А. М. І. Туган-Барановський. Winnipeg 1969;
  • Kowal L. The Market and Business Cycle Theories of M. I. Tugan-Baranovsky. Revista Internazionale di Scienze Economiche e Commercial!, vol. 20, part 4. Padova 1973.
  • Віталій Абліцов «Галактика «Україна». Українська діаспора: видатні постаті» – К.: КИТ, 2007. - 436 с.
  • Nenovsky, N. Place of Labor and Labor Theory in Tugan Baranovsky's Theoretical System, The Kyoto Economic Review, Vol. 78 (2009), No.1 pp.53-77 , Nenovsky tries to explain by drawing an analysis of what Lenin was simply blindly critical while generalizing Tuhan with some other economist without actually identifying them.
  • Lenin's opinion of Mr. Tuhan's perspective on Socialism (quoted) taken out of the Collection of V.I.Lenin's works, 5th edition, published in 1967 by Political Literature Publishing. (Russian)
  • Encyclopedia of Ukrainian Studies (in 10 volumes) / Chief Editor Volodymyr Kubiyovych. — Paris, New-York: Молоде Життя (New Life), 1954—1989.
  • Bukharin, N. Theoretical conciliation. Political Economy Rant. Theory of value and profit of Austrian School. pp. 176–185. 1919. At www.esperanto.mv.ru/Marksismo/index.html (Russian)
  • Luxemburg, R. Dis-proportionality of Mr. Tuhan-Baranovsky. Accumulation of Capital (Chapter 23), vol. I. Translated by Dvolaitsky, Sh. State Social-Economical Publishing, Moscow. 1934. Opinion of Rosa Liuxemburg on Tuhan's Theories of Economical crisis in England (Russian)
  • Mykhailo Tuhan-Baranovsky at demoscope. (Russian)
  • Barnett, Vincent. Tugan-Baranovsky as a Pioneer of Trade Cycle Analysis. Journal of the History of Economic Thought, vol.23 no.4, December 2001, pp. 443–66.
  1. ^ Ukrainians in the World (Mykhailo Tuhan-Baranovsky) (Ukrainian) The site makes reference to two publications: Born by Ukraine: The Memorial almanac in two volumes. Vol.2. Kiev, 2002 and Handbook of history of Ukraine. "Heneza". Kiev, 2001.
  2. ^ In English: The Russian Factory in the 19th Century, translated by Arthur Levin, Claora S. Levin and Gregory Grossman, Homewood, Ill.: Richard D. Irwin, 1970.