Miki ("Michiko") Suwa Gorman (born 1935 in China) was one of America's foremost women's marathoners during the mid-1970s. Gorman is the only woman to win both the Boston and New York City marathons twice, and one of only two woman runners to win both marathons in the same year.
Gorman, who grew up in Japan's Fukushima prefecture during the post-war years, moved to the United States in 1964. At 5'0½" tall and 86 pounds, she took up running while in her early 30s to gain weight. In 1970, as her first event, Gorman ran an indoor 100 mile run in 21:04:00 in Los Angeles, California.
Gorman set an unofficial world's best  for the women's marathon of 2:46:36 at the Western Hemisphere Marathon  (now the Culver City Marathon) on December 3, 1973, just four years after she started to run. Four months later, in April 1974, she won the Boston Marathon in a course record of 2:47:11. Gorman would also place second at Boston in 1976, and won Boston again in 1977.
Gorman also won the New York City Marathon twice, in 1976 and 1977, at the age of 41 and 42 respectively. She is currently the last American woman to win the New York City Marathon. She set a personal best during her 1976 victory with a time of 2:39:11, then the second fastest women's marathon in history and just a minute off the world record.
In 1981, a film called "Ritoru Champion" (known on video in America as My Champion was a film starring Chris Mitchum, documenting the events of Gorman's life.
Frequently injured in subsequent years, Gorman competed sporadically through the years 1978 to 1981. She did, however, manage to set a women's world record in the half-marathon in 1978. Gorman decided to retire from competitive running in 1982. Gorman now lives in Vancouver, British Columbia.
- Bakoulis, Gordon (October, 2001). "Miki Gorman: The Two-Time Boston and NYC Champion Bridged the Gap Between the Exploits of Switzer and Benoit". The Running Times.
- Running Commentary by Joe Henderson, April 17, 2001
- "The National Distance Running Hall of Fame Class of 2005 Nominees". National Distance Running Hall of Fame. 2005.
- Wilkins, Barbara (November 7, 1977). "Miki Gorman Started Jogging in 1969; Now, at 42, She Is One of the World's Best Marathoners". People
- Gorman, Miki (October 30, 2005). "As the Miles and the Years Pass By". The New York Times.
- "Chronology of the World's Marathon Record". Run The Planet Inc. Seattle. 2002.
- "History of Women's Distance Running".
- "American Takes Boston Marathon". Palm Beach Post. April 20, 1976. p. D2. Retrieved September 23, 2011.
- ""Marathoners of the Decades" Are Saluted in Celebration of the 40th Running of the New York City Marathon 2009". Retrieved 2010-11-07.
- Robinson, Roger (July/August, 2010). "Footsteps: Historic Half Marathons: Ron Hill to Hospital Hill". The Running Times.
- Battaglia, Joe (October 28, 2010). "Gorman remains the one U.S. women chase in N.Y.". Universal Sports
- "USATF Masters Hall of Fame". USA Track & Field, Inc. 2006.
- Robinson, Roger (November, 2010). "Footsteps: The Miki Gorman Story". The Running Times.
|Women's Half Marathon World Record Holder
November 19, 1978 – March 10, 1979
|Women's Marathon World Record Holder
December 2, 1973 – October 27, 1974