Mikimoto Pearl Island
This island is known as the birthplace of cultured pearl Aquaculture and it belong to Mikimoto Pearl Museum Co., Ltd. (株式会社ミキモト真珠島 Kabushiki-Gaisha-Mikimoto-Shinju-Jima?). The company runs the island as a tourist attraction, and exhibits pearls, pearl craft goods, and holds shows featuring ama divers.
In 1893, Mikimoto Kōkichi, a local entrepreneur, succeeded in producing cultured pearls on an island in Ise Bay called Ojima (相島?). In 1919, the island was sold by the town of Toba to Teikoku Kisen Shipping Company, but was purchased back by Toba Town in 1927, and resold to Mikimoto Kōkichi in 1929, with the funds used to establish an elementary school. Mikimoto developed the island as a center for pearl production. In 1951, Mikimoto renamed the island to Mikimoto Pearl Island, and set up a company to develop it for tourism. A commemorative museum to the life of Mikimoto was established in 1958, and a Pearl Museum in 1962. A bridge connecting the island to the mainland was completed in 1970. The Pearl Museum was rebuilt in 1985 and the Mikimoto Museum in 1993.
- Highlights of the collection include
- Obidome-Yaguruma (帯留矢車?): This obidome for a kimono was exhibited at Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne in 1937. It was made from 41 pearls, diamonds, sapphires, emeralds, platinums and 18 carats golds. By rearranging these parts, it is possible to make 12 different of accessories such as brooches, hair ornaments, rings.
- Globe: This globe is made from 12,541 pearls, 377 rubies and 373 diamonds. Its diameter is 33 cm.
- Liberty Bell: It was exhibited at 1939 New York World's Fair. It was made from 12,250 pearls and 366 diamonds.
- Mikimoto's Five-Storied Pagoda (御木本五重塔 Mikimoto Gojū-no-Tō?): This model pagoda was exhibited at Sesquicentennial Exposition in Philadelphia, 1926. It was made from 12,760 pearls.
- Himeji Castle: This 1/90 scale miniature reproduction of Himeji Castle was made of 19,000 pearls, 447 diamonds, sapphires, emeralds, rubies.
- Pearl Crown I: This is styled after the state crown of Queen Mary used at the coronation of King George V in 1911, and is made from 872 pearls and 188 diamonds.
- Gunbai Uchiwa: This war fan was exhibited at Encouragement of Industry Exposition Tokyo at 1907 and at the Japan–British Exhibition in London in 1910. It is styled as a Korean fan as presented to Hideyoshi and was made from 515 natural and 290 cultured pearls.
Mikimoto Kōkichi Memorial Hall
The island also contains a bronze sculpture of Mikimoto Kōkichi, Shrine of Pearl, Forest of Wild Birds and Observatory, Restaurant "Awakō" and a pearl shop.
- 三重テレビ放送 観光情報 ミキモト真珠島(Japanese)
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- MIKIMOTO PEARL ISLAND (Official English website)