Miklós Németh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the Hungarian athlete, see Miklós Németh (athlete). For the Hungarian footballer, see Miklós Németh (footballer). For the Hungarian cyclist, see Miklós Németh (cyclist).
Miklós Németh
Nemeth Miklos.jpg
Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the People's Republic of Hungary
In office
24 November 1988 – 23 October 1989
Preceded by Károly Grósz
Succeeded by Himself, as Provisional Prime Minister
Provisional Prime Minister of the Third Hungarian Republic
In office
23 October 1989 – 23 May 1990
Succeeded by József Antall
Personal details
Born 14 January 1948
Monok, Hungary
Nationality Hungarian
Political party Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party
The native form of this personal name is Németh Miklós. This article uses the Western name order.

Miklós Németh [ˈmikloːʃ ˈneːmɛt] (born 14 January 1948, in Monok, Hungary) served as Prime Minister of Hungary from 24 November 1988 to 23 May 1990.[1] He was one of the leaders of the Socialist Workers' Party, Hungary's Communist party, in the tumultuous years that led to the collapse of communism in Eastern and Central Europe.[2] He was the last Communist Prime Minister of Hungary.

Miklós Németh graduated from Karl Marx University in Budapest and subsequently attended Harvard. He began working for the Socialist Workers' Party economic department in 1981, was promoted to the Central Committee as Secretary in charge of economic policy in June 1987, and was elevated to the Politburo in May 1988.[3] After being promoted to Prime Minister in November 1988, Németh took the controversial decision to allow East Germans, long held captive by their country's communist regime,to travel through Hungary en route to freedom in West Germany. This decision is widely credited with helping to bring about the fall of the Berlin Wall on 9 November 1989.[4] He became Hungary`s first post-Communist Prime Minister when on 7 October 1989 the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party transformed itself into the Hungarian Socialist Party, a left of centre social democratic party - of which Németh was a founding member. Following the passing of constitutional amendments by parliament on 23 October 1989 he served as the first (provisional) Prime Minister of the Third Hungarian Republic - and as such the new leader of Hungary.

He left office on 23 May 1990, after suffering defeat by József Antall in Hungary's first free elections following the fall of Communism. Németh subsequently served as Vice President of the London-based European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the financial institution established by the international community to assist the countries of eastern and central Europe and the former Soviet Union in their transition to democratic market economies. He left the EBRD in 2000 to return to Hungary.[2] He attempted to become the PM-designate of the opposition socialist party, but was unsuccessful, as Péter Medgyessy was appointed to that role. Medgyessy later became Prime Minister.


  1. ^ "Political leaders: Hungary". terra.es. Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "UNDP Statement on External Review". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  3. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/1988/11/24/world/hungary-nominates-an-economist-as-premier.html
  4. ^ Michael Meyer, "The picnic that brought down the Berlin Wall" http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/la-oe-meyer13-2009sep13,0,6751343.story
Political offices
Preceded by
Károly Grósz
Prime Minister of Hungary
Succeeded by
József Antall