Mikrokosmos (Bartók)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Mikrokosmos (Béla Bartók))
Jump to: navigation, search

Béla Bartók's Mikrokosmos Sz. 107, BB 105 consists of 153 progressive piano pieces in six volumes written between 1926 and 1939. The individual pieces progress from very easy and simple beginner études to very difficult advanced technical displays, and are used in modern piano lessons and education. In total, according to Bartók, the piece "appears as a synthesis of all the musical and technical problems which were treated and in some cases only partially solved in the previous piano works." Volumes one and two are dedicated to his son Péter, while volumes five and six are intended as professionally performable concert pieces.[1] Bartók also indicated that these pieces could also be played on other instruments; Huguette Dreyfus for example has recorded pieces from Books 3 through 6 on the harpsichord.

In 1940, shortly before they emigrated to the United States, he arranged seven of the pieces for two pianos, to provide additional repertoire for himself and his wife Ditta Pásztory-Bartók to play.

Structure[edit]

All of the six volumes progress in difficulty, namely:

  • Volumes I-II: Pieces 1-36 and 37-66, beginner level
  • Volumes III-IV: Pieces 67-96 and 97-121, moderate to advanced level
  • Volumes V-VI: 122-139 and 140-153, professional level

The list of pieces is as follows:

  • Book I
    • Six Unison Melodies
      • 1. Six Unison Melodies (I)
      • 2a. Six Unison Melodies (II)
      • 2b. Six Unison Melodies (II)
      • 3. Six Unison Melodies (III)
      • 4. Six Unison Melodies (IV)
      • 5. Six Unison Melodies (V)
      • 6. Six Unison Melodies (VI)
    • 7. Dotted Notes
    • 8. Repetition (1)
    • 9. Syncopation (I)
    • 10. With Alternate Hands
    • 11. Parallel Motion
    • 12. Reflection
    • 13. Change of Position
    • 14. Question and Answer
    • 15. Village Song
    • 16. Parallel Motion with Change of Position
    • 17. Contrary Motion
    • Four Unison Melodies
      • 18. Four Unison Melodies (I)
      • 19. Four Unison Melodies (II)
      • 20. Four Unison Melodies (III)
      • 21. Four Unison Melodies (IV)
    • 22. Imitation and Counterpoint
    • 23. Imitation and Inversion (I)
    • 24. Pastorale
    • 25. Imitation and Inversion (II)
    • 26. Repetition (II)
    • 27. Syncopation (II)
    • 28. Canon at the Octave
    • 29. Imitation Reflected
    • 30. Canon at the Lower Fifth
    • 31. Dance in Canon Form
    • 32. In Dorian Mode
    • 33. Slow Dance
    • 34. In Phrygian Mode
    • 35. Chorale
    • 36. Free Canon
  • Book II
    • 37. In Lydian Mode
    • 38. Staccato and Legato (I)
    • 39. Staccato and Legato (Canon)
    • 40. In Yugoslav Style
    • 41. Melody with Accompaniment
    • 42. Accompaniment in Broken Triads
    • 43a. In Hungarian Style (for two pianos)
    • 43b. In Hungarian Style
    • 44. Contrary Motion (2) (for two pianos)
    • 45. Meditation
    • 46. Increasing-Diminishing
    • 47. County Fair
    • 48. In Mixolydian Mode
    • 49. Crescendo-Diminuendo
    • 50. Minuetto
    • 51. Waves
    • 52. Unison Divided
    • 53. In Transylvanian Style
    • 54. Chromatics
    • 55. Triplets in Lydian Mode (for two pianos)
    • 56. Melody in Tenths
    • 57. Accents
    • 58. In Oriental Style
    • 59. Major and Minor
    • 60. Canon with Sustained Notes
    • 61. Pentatonic Melody
    • 62. Minor Sixths in Parallel Motion
    • 63. Buzzing
    • 64a. Line against Point
    • 64b. Line against Point
    • 65. Dialogue (with voice)
    • 66. Melody Divided
  • Book III
    • 67. Thirds against a Single Voice
    • 68. Hungarian Dance (for two pianos)
    • 69. Study in Chords
    • 70. Melody against Double Notes
    • 71. Thirds
    • 72. Dragons' Dance
    • 73. Sixths and Triads
    • 74a. Hungarian Matchmaking Song
    • 74b. Hungarian Matchmaking Song (with voice)
    • 75. Triplets
    • 76. In Three Parts
    • 77. Little Study
    • 78. Five-Tone Scale
    • 79. Hommage à Johann Sebastian Bach
    • 80. Hommage à Robert Schumann
    • 81. Wandering
    • 82. Scherzo
    • 83. Melody with Interruptions
    • 84. Merriment
    • 85. Broken Chords'
    • 86. Two Major Pentachords
    • 87. Variations
    • 88. Duet for Pipes
    • 89. In Four Parts (I)
    • 90. In Russian Style
    • 91. Chromatic Invention (I)
    • 92. Chromatic Invention (II)
    • 93. In Four Parts (II)
    • 94. Once Upon a Time...
    • 95a. Fox Song
    • 95b. Fox Song (with voice)
    • 96. Jolts
  • Book IV
    • 97. Notturno
    • 98. Thumbs Under
    • 99. Hands Crossing
    • 100. In Folk Song Style
    • 101. Diminished Fifth
    • 102. Harmonics
    • 103. Minor and Major
    • 104a. Wandering through the Keys
    • 104b. Wandering through the Keys
    • 105. Game (with Two Five-Tone Scales)
    • 106. Children's Song
    • 107. Melody in the Mist
    • 108. Wrestling
    • 109. From the Island of Bali
    • 110. And the Sounds Clash and Clang...
    • 111. Intermezzo
    • 112. Variations on a Folk Tune
    • 113. Bulgarian Rhythm (I)
    • 114. Theme and Inversion
    • 115. Bulgarian Rhythm (II)
    • 116. Song
    • 117. Bourrée
    • 118. Triplets in 9/8 Time
    • 119. Dance in 3/4 Time
    • 120. Triads
    • 121. Two-Part Study
  • Book V
    • 122. Chords Together and in Opposition
    • 123a. Staccato and Legato (II)
    • 123b. Staccato and Legato (II)
    • 124. Staccato
    • 125. Boating
    • 126. Change of Time
    • 127. New Hungarian Folk Song (with voice)
    • 128. Stamping Dance
    • 129. Alternating Thirds
    • 130. Village Joke
    • 131. Fourths
    • 132. Major Seconds Broken and Together
    • 133. Syncopation (III)
    • 134a. Studies in Double Notes
    • 134b. Studies in Double Notes
    • 134c. Studies in Double Notes
    • 135. Perpetuum mobile
    • 136. Whole-Tone Scales
    • 137. Unison
    • 138. Bagpipe Music
    • 139. Merry Andrew
  • Book VI
    • 140. Free Variations
    • 141. Subject and Reflection
    • 142. From the Diary of a Fly
    • 143. Divided Arpeggios
    • 144. Minor Seconds, Major Sevenths
    • 145a. Chromatic Invention (III)
    • 145b. Chromatic Invention (III)
    • 146. Ostinato
    • 147. March
    • Six Dances in Bulgarian Rhythm
      • 148. Six Dances in Bulgarian Rhythm (I)
      • 149. Six Dances in Bulgarian Rhythm (II)
      • 150. Six Dances in Bulgarian Rhythm (III)
      • 151. Six Dances in Bulgarian Rhythm (IV)
      • 152. Six Dances in Bulgarian Rhythm (V)
      • 153. Six Dances in Bulgarian Rhythm (VI)

The opening (mm. 1-76) of "Boating" (V, 125) is typical of the modernist compositional techniques used in the later volumes, featuring the bimodal use of the pentatonic collection on E in the right hand and either G mixolydian or dorian collections in the left:

Bartók's "Boating" RH and LH pitch collections.[2]

Volume VI contains the "Six Dances In Bulgarian Rhythm", dedicated to Harriet Cohen. Bulgarian rhythm is one in which the beats in each bar are of unequal length. For example, the first dance (148) is grouped into 4+2+3 quavers in each bar.

Pianists who have recorded all six volumes include György Sándor, Edith Farnadi, Homero Francesch, Zoltán Kocsis, Dezső Ránki, Jenő Jandó, Claude Helffer, and Georges Solchany.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Carpenter, Alexander AllMusic.com: Mikrokosmos, Retrieved 01:10, April 2, 2005 (UTC)
  2. ^ Stein, Deborah (2005). "Introduction to Musical Ambiguity" in Engaging Music: Essays in Music Analysis, p.82-3. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-517010-5.

External links[edit]