Mikulčice

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Mikulčice
Village
Mikulčice - kostel Nanebevzetí Panny Marie 2.JPG
Church of the Assumption in Mikulčice
Flag
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region South Moravian
District Hodonín
Commune Hodonín
Elevation 165 m (541 ft)
Coordinates 48°49′N 17°03′E / 48.817°N 17.050°E / 48.817; 17.050Coordinates: 48°49′N 17°03′E / 48.817°N 17.050°E / 48.817; 17.050
Area 15.30 km2 (5.91 sq mi)
Population 1,933 (2008-01-01)
Density 126 / km2 (326 / sq mi)
First mention 1131
Mayor Josef Helešic
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 696 19
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Mikulčice
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.mikulcice.cz

Mikulčice (Czech pronunciation: [ˈmi.kul.tʃi.tsɛ]) is a municipality (obec) in the Czech Republic, situated 7 km south of Hodonín, nearby the Slovak border. It extends for 1,530 ha, comprising 1,955 inhabitants in 623 homes, and a biospheric reserve, containing beavers and storks. The local economy is predominantly based on agriculture and tourism.

History[edit]

The foundations of a 9th-century church in Mikulčice-Valy

From the sixth until the tenth century, a Slavic fortified settlement existed 3 km away from the modern village. The settlement was one of the main centres of the Great Moravian Empire, plausibly its capital city. Excavations, led by Josef Poulík, unearthed the remnants of twelve churches, a palace, and more than 2,500 graves (three containing African skeletons) (including a horse burial[1]). The only still-standing church safely dated to the Great Moravian period is found in the nearby Slovak village of Kopčany. The excavation complex is nationally recognised as the Mikulčice-Valy or Mikulčice Archaeopark heritage site.

The oldest written reference to the village itself dates to 1131, when the village was referred to as Miculcici in Medieval Latin. Both the Czech Mikulčice and the Latin Miculcici are nouns which exist only in the plural form, like the Netherlands. Mikulčice meaning simply "the people of Mikul (dialectal form of Nicholas)".

Statistical divisions[edit]

  • Mikulčice (303 homes, 918 inhabitants)
  • Těšice (320 homes, 988 inhabitants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Berend, Nóra (2007). Christianization and the Rise of Christian Monarchy: Scandinavia, Central Europe and Rus' C. 900-1200. Cambridge UP. pp. 216, 321. ISBN 9780521876162. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 

External links[edit]