Mikveh Israel

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For other uses, see Mikveh Israel (disambiguation).
Rear front of the Synagogue in Mikveh Israel

Mikveh Israel (Hebrew: מִקְוֵה יִשְׂרָאֵל; "Hope of Israel") is the first Jewish agricultural school in Israel.[1]

History[edit]

A class at Mivkeh Israel in its early years
PikiWiki Israel 32212 Mikveh Israel.jpg
The meeting between Herzl and Kaiser Wilhelm in Mikveh Israel. Sculpture by Motti Mizrachi.

Charles Netter established the school in 1870 on a tract of land southeast of Tel Aviv leased from the Turkish Sultan, who allocated 750 acres (3.0 km2) to his project.[2] Netter, the first headmaster, introduced new methods of agricultural training. Baron Edmond James de Rothschild contributed to the upkeep of the school.

The name is taken from two passages in the Book of Jeremiah - Jeremiah 14:8 and 17:13. It was proposed by Wolf Grinstein, one of the school's first students, who later taught there.

In 1898, Theodor Herzl met the German Emperor Wilhelm II at the main entrance of Mikveh Israel during Herzl's sole visit to Palestine. The meeting, a P.R. event engineered by Herzl to publically meet the Kaiser, was misinterpreted by the world media as a legitimization of Herzl and Zionism by Germany.[3][4] Today, entrance to the school grounds is via the city of Holon.[5]

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Bibliography[edit]

Coordinates: 32°02′N 34°47′E / 32.033°N 34.783°E / 32.033; 34.783