Milankovic (Martian crater)

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Milankovic Crater
Milankovic Crater.jpg
Milankovic Crater central area, as seen by HiRISE. Click on image to see more details: dark dunes, beautiful dust devil tracks, and boulders (small bright dots).
Planet Mars
Coordinates 54°42′N 146°42′W / 54.7°N 146.7°W / 54.7; -146.7Coordinates: 54°42′N 146°42′W / 54.7°N 146.7°W / 54.7; -146.7
Eponym Milutin Milanković, a Serbian geophysicist and astrophysicist, who lived from 1879 to 1958

Milankovic is a crater in the Diacria quadrangle of Mars, having a diameter of 118.4 km. It is located at 54.7° north latitude and 146.7° west longitude. The crater is easy to see on Mars photographs because it lies north of Olympus Mons and sits by itself in the flat plain of Vastitas Borealis. It is named after Milutin Milanković, a Serbian geophysicist and astrophysicist, who lived from 1879 to 1958.[1]

Why are Craters important?[edit]

The density of impact craters is used to determine the surface ages of Mars and other solar system bodies. [2] The older the surface, the more craters present. Crater shapes can reveal the presence of ground ice.

The area around craters may be rich in minerals. On Mars, heat from the impact melts ice in the ground. Water from the melting ice dissolves minerals, and then deposits them in cracks or faults that were produced with the impact. This process, called hydrothermal alteration, is a major way in which ore deposits are produced. The area around Martian craters may be rich in useful ores for the future colonization of Mars. [3]

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