Mildred Trotter (February 3, 1899 – August 23, 1991) was an important 20th century forensic anthropologist.
Trotter was born in Monaca, Pennsylvania. She received her B.A. in zoology and physiology from Mount Holyoke College in 1920 and her Ph.D. from Washington University in St. Louis in 1924. She spent a year on fellowship at Oxford University and was a professor at Washington University School of Medicine for the rest of her career.
Trotter's work with Goldine C. Gleser in 1952 created statistical regression formulae for the calculation of stature estimates from human long bones, based on a population of American casualties of the Korean War and the Terry collection of human remains. These formulae are still widely applied in the field.
She was a member of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists and the group's president from 1955 until 1957. The Mildred Trotter Prize, named in her honor for her work on skeletal biology, is given to students for exceptional work in the field of physical anthropology.
- Hagen, E (2009-06-02). "The Mildred Trotter Prize". American Association of Physical Anthropologists. Retrieved 2010-08-02.
- "Women in Health Sciences - Biographies: Mildred Trotter (1899-1991)". Bernard Becker Medical Library Digital Collection. 2009. Retrieved 2010-08-02.
- Mildred Trotter Papers
- Women in Health Sciences at Washington University
- Women in Medicine at Washington University