The site of Milecastle 14
Milecastle 14 shown within Northumberland
|OS grid reference||NZ10686768|
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Milecastle 14 (March Burn) was a milecastle of the Roman Hadrian's Wall. Its remains exist as a low (maximum 0.4 metres (1.3 ft) on the west side) platform, south of the B6318 Military Road and about 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) to the west of the road junction at Rudchester Farm.
Milecastle 14 was a short-axis milecastle with unknown gateway type (though the dimensions of the north gateway were found to match those of Milecastle 37, and the gateway had been blocked up some time after construction.) Short axis milecastles (Type I) were thought to have been constructed by the Legio II Augusta who were based in Isca Augusta (Caerleon).
The milecastle had dimensions of 18.29 metres (60.0 ft) across, having broad walls.
The remains of an internal building 5.11 metres (16.8 ft) wide, (located on the west side) have been identified.
Excavations and investigations
- 1930 – The earthworks of the Milecastle platform are identified from an aerial photograph.
- 1946 – Stevens investigated the milecastle, identifying the measurements and state of the north gate. Any remaining evidence of the south gate had been ploughed away.
- 1966 – English Heritage Field Investigation. The previous description was confirmed.
- 1989 – English Heritage Field Investigation. No additional information.
Each milecastle on Hadrian's Wall had two associated turret structures. These turrets were positioned approximately one-third and two-thirds of a Roman mile to the west of the Milecastle, and would probably have been manned by part of the milecastle's garrison. The turrets associated with Milecastle 14 are known as Turret 14A and Turret 14B.
No visible remains exist of Turret 14A (Eppies Hill), though in 1966, an English Heritage Field Investigation reported a concentration of stone in the field boundary hedge, at NZ 1011 6770, on the highest point of the hill, and proposed that this may be an indication of its site. Horsley reported seeing the turret, but is ambiguous with regard to the location.
No trace has been found of Turret 14B.
|Monument||Monument Number||English Heritage Archive Number|
|Milecastle 14||22795||NZ 16 NW 9|
|Turret 14A||22798||NZ 16 NW 10|
|Turret 14B||20375||NZ 06 NE 1|
- "Milecastle 14". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 5 July 2010.
- Breeze, David J (1934), Handbook to the Roman Wall (14th Revised edition – Nov 2006), Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne, pp. 172–173, ISBN 0-901082-65-1
- David J Breeze and Brian Dobson (1976). Hadrian's Wall. Allen Lane. pp. 14–15. ISBN 0-14-027182-1.
- The Journal of Roman Studies (London: Society for Promotion of Roman Studies) 37: 168. 1947. Missing or empty
- "Turret 14A". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 7 Jul 2010.
- "Turret 14B". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 9 Jul 2010.
- Daniels, Charles (1979), "Review: Fact and Theory on Hadrian's Wall", Britannia 10: 357–364, JSTOR 526069