Milecastle 15

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Coordinates: 55°00′20″N 1°51′25″W / 55.005644°N 1.856962°W / 55.005644; -1.856962

Milecastle 15
The site of Milecastle 15
The site of Milecastle 15
Milecastle 15 is located in Northumberland
Milecastle 15
Milecastle 15
 Milecastle 15 shown within Northumberland
OS grid reference NZ09246790
List of places
UK
England
Northumberland

Milecastle 15 (Whitchester) was a milecastle of the Roman Hadrian's Wall. Its remains exist as a bold platform with robbed walls located on the southern side of the B6318 Military Road approximately 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) west of its crossing of the A69 road. It has not been excavated.[1]

Construction[edit]

Milecastle 15 was a long-axis milecastle of unknown gateway type. Long-axis milecastles were thought to have been constructed by either the Legio VI Victrix who were based in Eboracum (York) or the Legio XX Valeria Victrix who were based in Deva Victrix (Chester).[2]

Excavations and investigations[edit]

  • 1958 - The milecastle is identified from an RAF aerial photo.[3]
  • 1966 - English Heritage Field Investigation. It was noted that the milecastle was a long-axis type.[3]
  • 1989 - English Heritage Field Investigation. It was noted that the platform survives up to approximately 1.0 metre (3.3 ft) high with ragged robber trenches around the crest on east, south and west sides.[3]

Associated Turrets[edit]

Each milecastle on Hadrian's Wall had two associated turret structures. These turrets were positioned approximately one-third and two-thirds of a Roman mile to the west of the Milecastle, and would probably have been manned by part of the milecastle's garrison. The turrets associated with Milecastle 15 are known as Turret 15A and Turret 15B.

Turret 15A[edit]

Turret 15A was located in the expected position in 1931. Only one course remained. An English Heritage Field Investigation in 1966 noted that the Turret was covered by the modern road.[4]

Location on Ordnance Survey 1:25 000 map: 55°00′25″N 1°51′53″W / 55.007001°N 1.864727°W / 55.007001; -1.864727 (Turret 15A)

Turret 15B[edit]

Turret 15B was thought to have been located in 1931, in the expected position. The 1931 investigation reported little more than footing. An English Heritage Field Investigation in 1966 noted that the Turret was covered by the modern road, and a further English Heritage Field Investigation in 1989 cast doubt on whether the footings reported in 1931 were sufficient evidence for the existence of the turret at this location.[5]

Location on Ordnance Survey 1:25 000 map: 55°00′30″N 1°52′21″W / 55.008241°N 1.872541°W / 55.008241; -1.872541 (Turret 15B)

Monument Records[edit]

Monument Monument Number English Heritage Archive Number
Milecastle 15 20378 NZ 06 NE 2
Turret 15A 20381 NZ 06 NE 3
Turret 15B 20384 NZ 06 NE 4

References[edit]

  1. ^ Breeze, David J (1934), Handbook to the Roman Wall (14th Revised edition - Nov 2006), Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne, p. 173, ISBN 0-901082-65-1 
  2. ^ David J Breeze and Brian Dobson (1976). Hadrian's Wall. Allen Lane. pp. 14–15. ISBN 0-14-027182-1. 
  3. ^ a b c "Milecastle 15". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 Jul 2010. 
  4. ^ "Turret 15A". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 Jul 2010. 
  5. ^ "Turret 15B". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 Jul 2010. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Daniels, Charles (1979), "Review: Fact and Theory on Hadrian's Wall", Britannia 10: 357–364, JSTOR 526069 

External links[edit]

Media related to Milecastle 15 at Wikimedia Commons