Milecastle 16

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Coordinates: 55°00′33″N 1°52′47″W / 55.009200°N 1.879730°W / 55.009200; -1.879730

Milecastle 16
The site of Milecastle 16
The site of Milecastle 16
Milecastle 16 is located in Northumberland
Milecastle 16
Milecastle 16
 Milecastle 16 shown within Northumberland
OS grid reference NZ07796830
List of places
UK
England
Northumberland

Milecastle 16 (Harlow Hill) was a milecastle of the Roman Hadrian's Wall. The milecastle is located at Harlow Hill, Northumberland. There are no visible surface remains of the milecastle or either of its associated turrets.

Construction[edit]

No details are known about the type of construction of this milecastle. Milecastle 16 is visible on the ground as a slight platform in a field adjacent to the south of the B6318 Military Road.[1][2] The platform measures 23 m from north to south and there are no other surface remains.[1] The site lies on the crest of Harlow Hill and when established would have had a clear line of sight in all directions.[2] The stretch of Hadrian's Wall in this area was removed during the construction of the Military Road.[3]

Excavations and investigations[edit]

  • 1732 - John Horsley viewed the remains of the foundations of the milecastle.[1]
  • 1920s - Excavations failed to discover the milecastle.[1]
  • 1930 - The milecastle's estimated position was recalculated.[1]
  • 1950s - The milecastle was excavated by Hepple and Richmond.[2]

Associated Turrets[edit]

Each milecastle on Hadrian's Wall had two associated turret structures. These turrets were positioned approximately one-third and two-thirds of a Roman mile to the west of the Milecastle, and would probably have been manned by part of the milecastle's garrison. The turrets associated with Milecastle 16 are known as Turret 16A and Turret 16B.

Turret 16A[edit]

Turret 16A is said to have been located by Thomas Hepple in 1930 but he made no mention of it in his fieldwork notebook.[4] The presumed site of the turret lies beneath the 18th century B6318 Military Road and by 1966 there were no surface visible remains.[4]

Location: 55°00′33″N 1°53′15″W / 55.009118°N 1.887548°W / 55.009118; -1.887548 (Turret 16A)

Turret 16B[edit]

Turret 16B was also said to have been located by Hepple in 1930 but if he did find the turret he did not document it in his notebook.[5] The presumed site lies beneath the Military Road adjacent to the Great Northern Reservoir (of the Whittle Dene reservoir complex).[5] Like Turret 16A no surface remains could be seen by 1966.[5]

Location: 55°00′32″N 1°53′43″W / 55.008855°N 1.895210°W / 55.008855; -1.895210 (Turret 16B)

Monument Records[edit]

Monument Monument Number English Heritage Archive Number
Milecastle 16 20387 NZ 06 NE 5
Turret 16A 20390 NZ 06 NE 6
Turret 16B 20393 NZ 06 NE 7

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Milecastle 16". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 14 July 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c "Extract from English Heritage's schedule of monuments". Magic.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 July 2010. 
  3. ^ David J Breeze and Brian Dobson (1976). Hadrian's Wall. Allen Lane. p. 173. ISBN 0-14-027182-1. 
  4. ^ a b "Turret 16A". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 25 June 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c "Turret 16B". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 21 May 2010. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Milecastle 16 at Wikimedia Commons