Milecastle 3

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Coordinates: 54°58′33″N 1°35′20″W / 54.975901°N 1.589009°W / 54.975901; -1.589009

Milecastle 3
Milecastle 3 is located in Tyne and Wear
Milecastle 3
Milecastle 3
 Milecastle 3 shown within Tyne and Wear
OS grid reference NZ26406466
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear

Milecastle 3 (Ouseburn) was a milecastle of the Roman Hadrian's Wall. No remains exist, but it was thought to have been located at the junction of the A187 Byker Bridge and Stephen Street.

Construction[edit]

No evidence exists as to the configuration or type of Milecastle 3, though the curtain wall at this stage was almost certainly a narrow configuration.[1]

Excavations and investigations[edit]

  • 1732 - Horsley surveyed the milecastle, recording its position.[2]
  • 1776 - The location was visited by Stukeley, who sketched the area for his Iter Boreale'.[3]
  • 1789 - Brand visited the site, but noted that many of the stones had been removed from the foundations some years previously, for use in the building of an adjoining house.[4]
  • 1848 - Collingwood Briuce reported that a small, partly illegible altar had been found close to the presumed site of the milecastle. The altar (NMR Number: NZ 26 SE 227) was dedicated by Julius Maximus. Having searched the area, he could find no trace of Roman remains.[1]
  • 1928 - FG Simpson measured the distance from Milecastle 2 to Milecastle 3 as 1,450 yards (1,330 m).[5]
  • 1979 - Exploratory trenches were sunk during the building of the Metro, revealing no trace of the milecastle.[5]

Associated Turrets[edit]

Each milecastle on Hadrian's Wall had two associated turret structures. These turrets were positioned approximately one-third and two-thirds of a Roman mile to the west of the Milecastle, and would probably have been manned by part of the milecastle's garrison. The turrets associated with Milecastle 3 are known as Turret 3A and Turret 3B.

Turret 3A[edit]

Nothing is known of Turret 3A.[6]
Presumed location: 54°58′30″N 1°35′46″W / 54.974892°N 1.596128°W / 54.974892; -1.596128 (Turret 3A)

Turret 3B[edit]

Nothing is known of Turret 3B.[7]
Presumed location: 54°58′20″N 1°36′09″W / 54.972217°N 1.602403°W / 54.972217; -1.602403 (Turret 3B)

Monument Records[edit]

Monument Monument Number English Heritage Archive Number
Milecastle 3 24904 NZ 26 SE 15
Turret 3A 24907 NZ 26 SE 16
Turret 3B 24912 NZ 26 SE 17

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Breeze, David J (1934), Handbook to the Roman Wall (14th Revised edition - Nov 2006), Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne, ISBN 0-901082-65-1 
  2. ^ Horsley, John (1732), Britannia Romana or the Roman Antiquities of Britain, Frank Graham (published 1974), ISBN 0-85983-090-X 
  3. ^ Stukeley, William (1776). Itinerarium Curiosum: or, An account of the antiquities, and remarkable curiosities in nature or art, observed in travels through Great Britain (2nd ed.). London: Baker & Leigh. ISBN 0-576-19312-7. 
  4. ^ Brand, John (1 Jan 1789). The History and Antiquities of Newcastle upon Tyne. Vol 1 (1st ed.). B White & Son. p. 138. 
  5. ^ a b c "Milecastle 3". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  6. ^ "Turret 3A". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  7. ^ "Turret 3B". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Daniels, Charles (1979), "Review: Fact and Theory on Hadrian's Wall", Britannia 10: 357–364, JSTOR 526069