Milecastle 5

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 54°58′17″N 1°37′44″W / 54.971402°N 1.628967°W / 54.971402; -1.628967

Milecastle 5
Milecastle 5 is located in Tyne and Wear
Milecastle 5
Milecastle 5
 Milecastle 5 shown within Tyne and Wear
OS grid reference NZ23806410
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear
Roman Military banner.svg
This article is part of the series on:
Military of ancient Rome (portal)
753 BC – AD 476
Structural history
Roman army (unit types and ranks, legions, auxiliaries, generals)
Roman navy (fleets, admirals)
Campaign history
Lists of wars and battles
Decorations and punishments
Technological history
Military engineering (castra, siege engines, arches, roads)
Political history
Strategy and tactics
Infantry tactics
Frontiers and fortifications (limes, Hadrian's Wall)

Milecastle 5 (Quarry House) was a milecastle of the Roman Hadrian's Wall. No remains exist of the milecastle, though its supposed position is at the junction of the A186 Westgate road and the B1311 Corporation Street.[1] No remains currently exist.[2]

Construction[edit]

Nothing is known of the long/axis or gateways type of Milecastle 5.

Excavations and investigations[edit]

  • 1732 - Horsley surveyed the area, and noted that he:[3]
thought there were visible signs of a castellum just behind the quarry-house
It is probable there was a Mile Castle where the Wall makes a bend at the top of Westgate Road
  • 1968 - English Heritage Field Investigation. It was noted that all traces of the Milecastle had been obliterated by modern development.

Associated Turrets[edit]

Each milecastle on Hadrian's Wall had two associated turret structures. These turrets were positioned approximately one-third and two-thirds of a Roman mile to the west of the Milecastle, and would probably have been manned by part of the milecastle's garrison. The turrets associated with Milecastle 5 are known as Turret 5A and Turret 5B.

Turret 5A[edit]

The discovery of Milecastle 4 some way from its presumed location has brought into question the presumed sites of all milecastles and turrets in this area. However, the site is included in the English Heritage Archive.[5]
Presumed location: 54°58′24″N 1°38′12″W / 54.973223°N 1.636761°W / 54.973223; -1.636761 (Turret 5A)

Turret 5B[edit]

The discovery of Milecastle 4 some way from its presumed location has brought into question the presumed sites of all milecastles and turrets in this area. However, the site is included in the English Heritage Archive.[6]
Presumed location: 54°58′27″N 1°38′40″W / 54.974144°N 1.644564°W / 54.974144; -1.644564 (Turret 5B)

Monument Records[edit]

Monument Monument Number English Heritage Archive Number
Milecastle 5 25026 NZ 26 SW 3
Turret 5A 22667 NZ 26 SW 4
Turret 5B 25032 NZ 26 SW 5

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hope Dodds, Madeleine (1930), A History of Northumberland 13 (first ed.), Andrew Reid, Sons & Co, p. 498 
  2. ^ Birley, Eric B (1961), Research on Hadrian's Wall, Titus Wilson & Son 
  3. ^ Horsley, John (1732), Britannia Romana or the Roman Antiquities of Britain, Frank Graham (published 1974), pp. 137–8, ISBN 0-85983-090-X 
  4. ^ "Milecastle 5". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 26 May 2010. 
  5. ^ "Turret 5A". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 26 May 2010. 
  6. ^ "Turret 5B". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 26 May 2010. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Daniels, Charles (1979), "Review: Fact and Theory on Hadrian's Wall", Britannia 10: 357–364, JSTOR 526069