||This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2011)|
|— City —|
|Nickname(s): A Small City with a Big Heart|
|New Haven County, Connecticut|
|Region||South Western Region|
|• Type||Mayor–Board of Aldermen|
|• Mayor||Benjamin G. Blake (D)|
|• Total||26.1 sq mi (67.7 km2)|
|• Land||22.2 sq mi (57.4 km2)|
|• Water||3.9 sq mi (10.2 km2)|
|• Density||2,000/sq mi ( 780/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|ZIP code||06460, 06461|
Milford is a coastal city in southwestern New Haven County, Connecticut, United States, located between Bridgeport and New Haven. The population was 52,759 at the 2010 census. The city contains the incorporated borough of Woodmont and the unincorporated village of Devon.
Early history 
The land which today comprises Milford, Orange and West Haven was "purchased" on February 1, 1639 from Ansantawae, chief of the local Paugussets (an Algonquian tribe) by English settlers affiliated with the contemporary New Haven Colony. Originally, the area was known as "Wepawaug", after the small river which runs through the town, and which has given its name to several streets in both Milford and Orange.
During the Revolutionary War the Milford section of the Boston Post Road, a vital route connecting Boston, New York and other major coastal cities, was blockaded by Continental forces, and Fort Trumbull was constructed to protect the town. The site of the blockade is commemorated by the Liberty Rock monument.
By 1822, the town had grown large enough that residents in the northern and eastern sections of Milford chartered their own independent course as the town of Orange. During the next century and a half, the remaining section of Milford was known for shipbuilding, farming and oystering, although a small subset of industrial facilities also developed in town. During this time, Milford also became known as a beach resort for residents of New Haven and Bridgeport.
Interestingly, the boundaries of the final town charter granted by the State of Connecticut in 1899 to Laurel Beach are contained entirely within Milford. Residents of Laurel Beach must therefore pay taxes to both Laurel Beach as well as Milford, and all mail to Laurel Beach residents is mailed to Milford.
In 1903 the southeastern portion of the town was incorporated as the Borough of Woodmont. In 1959, the town of Milford including the Borough of Woodmont was incorporated as the City of Milford.
Towns created from Milford 
Milford was one of the early settlements in south central Connecticut and, over time, gave rise to several new towns that broke off and incorporated separately. The following is a list of towns created from parts of Milford.
- Woodbridge in 1784 (also partly from New Haven)
- Bethany, created from Woodbridge in 1832
- Orange (originally North Milford) in 1822 (also partly from New Haven)
- West Haven, created from Orange in 1921
The "oatmeal lots" of Liberty Park 
Starting in 1902, Quaker Oats oatmeal boxes came with a coupon redeemable for the legal deed to a tiny lot in Milford. The lots, sometimes as small as 10 feet (3 m) by 10 feet, were carved out of a 15-acre (6.1 ha) tract in a never-built subdivision called "Liberty Park". A small number of children (or their parents), often residents living near Milford, collected the deeds and started paying the extremely small property taxes on the "oatmeal lots". The developer of the prospective subdivision hoped the landowners would hire him to build homes on the lots, although several lots would need to be combined before building could start. Since the subdivision into small lots predated Milford's planning and zoning regulations, the deeds were entirely legal, although they created a large amount of paperwork for town tax collectors, who frequently couldn't find the property owners and received almost no tax revenue from the lots.
In the mid-1970s, when the town wanted to develop the area, town officials put an end to the oatmeal lots in a "general foreclosure" that avoided the enormous expense of individual foreclosures by condemning nearly all of the property in one legal filing. One of the streets in the Liberty Park subdivision plans, Shelland Street, was later built in the late 1990s as an access road to the Milford Power Company. The site is currently home to the BIC Corporation's lighter factory at 565 Bic Drive. (In a separate land giveaway in 1955 tied to the Sergeant Preston of the Yukon television show, Quaker Oats offered in its Puffed Wheat and Puffed Rice cereal boxes genuine deeds to land in the Klondike.)
Post-World War II development 
The 1960s and '70s witnessed the construction of the Connecticut Post Mall, one of the state's largest shopping malls, and the extensive commercial development of the town's stretch of the Boston Post Road. One notable small business located on the Boston Post Road during the 1970s was SCELBI Computer Consulting, credited by many as being the world's first personal-computer manufacturer. Starting in 1975, the city began hosting the Milford Oyster Festival, which has since become firmly established as an annual Milford tradition that is held "rain or shine".
The city became host to several headquarters of multinational corporations, including the Schick Shaving company, and Doctor's Associates, Inc., owners of the Subway chain of fast-food restaurants. The US operations of BIC were headquartered in Milford, but in March 2008 moved most of its operations to Shelton. Milford Hospital has also developed into an important health care resource for the area. It has also become home of smaller national corporations such as Total Mortgage Services and Orchid Medical.
Government in the city is set up with the mayor as chief executive and the Board of Aldermen as a legislative body. The mayor is permitted to propose legislation to the Board of Aldermen and introduces the city budget, but possesses no veto power over what the Aldermen chooses to pass.
Elected positions 
The following is a list of city government positions elected by city residents and the terms thereof:
- Mayor: The mayor is the city's chief executive and is elected in odd-numbered years. The mayor receives compensation for his or her services.
- Board of Aldermen: The Board of Aldermen consists of 15 members elected in odd-numbered years, three from each of the city's five political districts. Per City Charter requirements, only two of the three aldermen elected from each district may be from one political party to allow for minority representation on the board; voters are permitted to vote for any three aldermen in their district. Members of the Board of Aldermen receive no compensation for their services.
- Board of Education: The Board of Education deals with educational matters in the city and consists of 10 members elected in odd-numbered years, two from each of the city's five political districts. Members receive no compensation for their services.
- Planning & Zoning Board: The Planning & Zoning Board deals with development and land use issues and consists of 10 members, two from each of the city's five political districts. Members serve a four-year term, with one of the two members of each political district up for election during each odd-numbered year's election cycle, ensuring that no more than half of the board is made up of new members at the start of a new session. Members of the Planning & Zoning Board receive no compensation for their services.
- City Clerk: The city clerk is elected in odd-numbered years and receives a compensation for services provided.
- Constables: Seven constables are elected in odd-numbered years, though individual voters are only permitted to vote for any four of their choosing on the ballot. They are compensated on a case-by-case basis.
- Registrars of Voters: Pursuant to Connecticut state law, each town must have a Republican and Democratic registrar of voters to serve as election administrators, though an additional third party registrar is permitted if they receive more votes than either of the major parties' registrar. Registrars in Milford are elected to two-year terms, their election taking place during each even-year state election cycle. Registrars are compensated for their services. Voters may only vote for one choice for registrar.
List of mayors 
After becoming incorporated as a city in 1959, the city reformed its system of government by establishing a mayor–board of aldermen format. It elected its first mayor, Charles Iovino, the incumbent city manager under Milford's previous form of government, on November 3, 1959.
Since 1959, 10 people have held the office of mayor in the city.
|#||Name||In office||Political party|
|8||Frederick L. Lisman||1989–2001||Republican|
|9||James L. Richetelli, Jr.||2001–2011||Republican|
|10||Benjamin G. Blake||2011–present||Democratic|
Emergency services 
Fire Department 
The city of Milford is protected 24/7, 365 by the 114 paid, full-time firefighters of the city of Milford Fire Department - ISO Class 1. The Milford Fire Department currently operates out of five fire stations, located throughout the city, under the command of a Battalion Chief and a Shift Commander. The Milford Fire Department also maintains and operates a fire apparatus fleet of seven engines (including one Quint), one tower ladder, two rescue ambulances, two HazMat units, one dive rescue unit, one collapse rescue unit, two fireboats, a canteen unit, and numerous other special, support, and reserve units. The Milford Fire Department is one of only two fire departments in the state of Connecticut to maintain an ISO Class 1 rating. The current[when?] Fire Chief is Louis A. LaVecchia.
Fire station locations and apparatus 
Below is a complete listing of all fire station locations and apparatus in the city of Milford.
|Engine company||Truck company||Rescue ambulance||Special unit||Command unit||Address|
|Engine 1||Tower 1||Rescue 1, Rescue 3||Car 4 (Shift Commander), Car 5 (Battalion Chief)||72 New Haven Ave.|
|Engine 3, Engine 4||Haz-Mat. 1, Haz-Mat. 2, Dive Rescue Unit||349 Naugatuck Ave.|
|Engine 5, Engine 6||Rescue 234 (Collapse Unit)||980 New Haven Ave.|
|Engine 7||Rescue 2||Decon. Trailer||55 Wheelers Farms Rd.|
The Milford Fire Department also operates four reserve engines. Engine 2 (Reserve) is located at the quarters of Engine 1 and Tower 1. Engines 8 and 10 (Reserve) are located at the quarters of Engine 3 (Quint) and Engine 4, while Engine 9 (Reserve) is located at the quarters of Engine's 5 and 6. The Canteen Unit is operated out of a garage at 3 Charles Street. As of 2012, the city has begun construction of a new fire station to be located on New Haven Avenue and to serve as the new quarters of Engine 5, Engine 6, and the Collapse Unit.
Police department 
The Milford Police Department is led by Chief Keith L. Mello, a 1981 graduate of the town's police academy. On May 12, 2011, the Police Officer Standards & Training Council re-accredited the department's Tier I & II State Accreditation.
Principal communities of Milford 
- Milford center
- Walnut Beach
- Wildermere Beach
- Woodmont borough, also known as "Woodmont On the Sound"
Other minor communities and geographic features are Anchor Beach, Bayview, Bayview Heights, Burwells Beach, Cedar Beach, Ettadore Park, Far View Beach, Forest Heights, Fort Trumbull, Great River, Gulf Beach, Laurel Beach, Lexington Green, Merwin's Beach, Merwin's Point, Milford Lawns, Milford Point, Myrtle Beach, Naugatuck Gardens, Point Lookout, Pond Point Beach, Silver Sands Beach, South of the Green, Walnut Beach, Wheelers Farms.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (April 2011)|
Every year on the third Saturday in August, Milford celebrates its annual Oyster Festival, which serves as a combination of a typical town fair with a culinary celebration of the town's location on historically shellfish-rich Long Island Sound. This festival takes place in and around the Milford Green, near the center of town, as well as in various locations throughout the downtown area, and features a wide variety of events including canoe and kayak races, musical performances, and classic car shows.
Milford is home to a substantial arts community. The Milford Cultural Center, operated by the Milford Council for the Arts, offers various events throughout the year. The Firehouse Art Gallery was recently opened in Devon. The beach resort quality of the town lives on, with several beaches, Silver Sands State Park, the Connecticut Audubon Society Coastal Center at Milford Point, Charles Island, two golf courses, and numerous other recreational facilities available for residents and tourists.
Top employers 
According to the City's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|1||City of Milford, Board of Education||1,238|
|5||City of Milford||556|
|7||Stop & Shop||325|
|9||ShopRite of Milford||241|
Geography and environment 
According to the United States Census Bureau, Milford, including the borough of Woodmont, has a total area of 26.1 square miles (67.7 km2), of which 22.2 square miles (57.4 km2) is land and 3.9 square miles (10.2 km2), or 15.11%, is water.
Islands and coastline 
Milford has over 14 miles (23 km) of shoreline facing Long Island Sound, the most of any town in Connecticut. A large portion of Milford's shoreline forms the Silver Sands State Park. A newly built mile-long boardwalk was opened in 2011 that connects Silver Sands to Walnut Beach in Devon. Charles Island is also a part of the park and is a protected bird nesting ground. There is a sand bar (called a tombolo since it is perpendicular, not parallel to the coast) accessible during low tide that people can walk on from Silver Sands Beach to Charles Island.
The island is a part of the Hamonasset-Ledyard Moraine and was formed as glaciers retreated at the end of the last ice age. The Wisconsin glaciation formed drumlins in Milford: Clark, Burwell, Eels, Bryan and Merwin hills.
Milford owns three islands in the Housatonic River: Fowler Island, just to the south of the Igor I. Sikorsky Memorial Bridge, Duck Island, and Nells Island, both near the mouth of the river. In addition to Silver Sands State Park, Milford has five public beaches with lifeguard services for its residents - Gulf Beach, Anchor Beach, Hawley Avenue Beach, Walnut Beach, and Middle Beach - as well as seven private beaches.
Interstate 95 and U.S. Route 1 pass through the southern part of Milford. The Wilbur Cross Parkway cuts across the northern part of the city and is connected to I-95 and Route 1 via the Milford Parkway, also known as the Daniel S. Wasson connector, named for the first police officer to die in the line of duty in the city of Milford. He was killed on April 12, 1987, when he was shot by a motorist he had pulled over. The Metro-North New Haven Line has a station stop in downtown Milford (Milford station). The Milford Transit District provides in-town service to major attractions. Connections with the Greater Bridgeport Transit Authority and Connecticut Transit New Haven are also available.
As of the census of 2000, there were 52,212 people, 20,138 households, and 13,613 families residing in Milford. The population density was 2,270.7 people per square mile (876.8/km²). There were 21,145 housing units at an average density of 949.0 per square mile (366.4/km²). The racial makeup of Milford was 93.55% White, 1.91% African American, 0.13% Native American, 2.36% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.34% of the population.
There were 20,138 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04.
In Milford the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.
As of the 2000 census, the median income for a household was $61,183. As of a 2011 estimate, median household income had risen to $79,956 and median family income to $96,148. The per capita income was $28,773 ($39,736 according to a 2011 estimate). About 2.4% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.
|Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 28, 2008|
|Party||Active voters||Inactive voters||Total voters||Percentage|
On the National Register of Historic Places 
- Academy of Our Lady of Mercy Lauralton Hall — 200 High St. (added in 2011)
- Buckingham House — 61 North St. (added in 1977)
- Eells-Stow House — 34 High St. (added in 1977)
- Hebrew Congregation of Woodmont — 15 and 17 Edgefield Ave. (added in 1995)
- Housatonic River Railroad Bridge — Amtrak right-of-way at Housatonic River (added in 1987)
- Milford Point Hotel — Milford Point Road (added in 1988)
- River Park Historic District — Roughly bounded by Boston Post Road, Cherry St. and Amtrak, and High St. (added in 1986)
- St. Peter's Episcopal Church — 61, 71, 81 River St. (added in 1979)
- Taylor Memorial Library — 5 Broad St. (added in 1979)
- US Post Office-Milford Main — 6 W. River St. (added in 1986)
- Washington Bridge — Spans the Housatonic River to Stratford. (added in 2004)
Notable residents 
- Nick Art, actor
- Dylan Bruno, actor
- Anne Griffin, actress
- Doug Henry, National Champion motocross & snowmobile racer
- Simon Lake (1866–1945), inventor and naval engineer
- Jonathan Law (1674–1750), colonial era judge, Governor of the Colony of Connecticut between 1741 and 1750
- Joseph Plumb Martin (1760–1850), Revolutionary War soldier, raised by his grandparents in Milford
- Abigail Merwin (1759–1786), a Colonial-era wife and mother who alerted the local militia of a raid by British forces arriving from the warship HMS Swan
- Ellen Muth, actress
- Erin Pac, 2010 women’s bobsled Olympic bronze medalist
- Dan Patrick (Pugh), NBC's Football Night in America co-host, senior writer for Sports Illustrated, and former ESPN SportsCenter anchor
- Jason Peter, Collegiate All-American defensive tackle (1997) & defensive end for the Carolina Panthers, attended Milford Academy
- Catherine Pollard (c. 1918 - 2006), first female Scoutmaster in the Boy Scouts of America
- Charles H. Pond (1781–1861), judge of the New Haven County Court, sheriff of New Haven, Lieutenant Governor & 37th Governor of Connecticut
- Peter Pond (1739/40?–1807), first explorer of the Athabasca region of North America in the 1780s & founding member of the North West Company
- Peter L. Pond (1933–2000), human rights activist and philanthropist who adopted 16 Cambodian orphans
- Jonathan Quick, NHL goaltender for the Los Angeles Kings
- John Ratzenberger, actor, owns a home in town
- Christy Carlson Romano, actress
- Dan Rusanowsky, NHL radio broadcaster for the San Jose Sharks
- Al Scaduto (1928–2007), cartoonist (They'll Do It Every Time)
- Frank J. Sprague (1857–1934), inventor who helped develop the electric motor, electric railways, and electric elevators
- Robert Treat (1624?-1710), colonial era deputy & military officer, Governor of the Colony of Connecticut between 1683-1698
- Heidi Voight, Miss Connecticut 2006
Movies filmed in Milford 
Movies filmed at least in part in Milford include:
- The Light That Failed (1916) - Smith's Point was used in a desert battle scene using camels from Barnum's circus in Bridgeport.
- Man on a Swing (1974)
- Daylight (1996)
- Furious Fish (2005)
- Save the Forest (2005)
- December Plans (2007)
- Righteous Kill (2008)
- Sad Sack Sally (2009)
- A Dance for Grace (2010)
- This Wretched Life (2010)
- After The Fall (2013)
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Milford town, New Haven County, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 26, 2012.
- Juliano, Frank (October 3, 2010). "'Oatmeal lots' gave officials indigestion". Connecticut Post. pp. A1, A12. Retrieved October 23, 2010.
- "Milford Oyster Festival 2010." Daily Postal. August 21, 2010
- Misur, Susan. "Annual Oyster Festival draws thousands in Milford." New Haven Register. Sunday, August 22, 2010
- "Total Mortgage Services". Total Mortgage Services. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
- An Act Concerning a Charter for the City of Milford, Articles II-III. City of Milford, Connecticut. Effective November 9, 1959. Revised November 8, 1983.
- "EX-CITY MANAGER BECOMING MAYOR; Iovino Takes Post Tomorrow in Milford, Conn., After Old Job Is Abolished". The New York Times. November 8, 1959. Retrieved May 8, 2010.
- John H. O'Connell (November 1, 2009). "Historic City Election Ahead". Milford Republican Town Committee. Retrieved March 2, 2010.
- City of Milford CAFR
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Milford town, New Haven County, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 26, 2012.
- Village of Devon official website
- Charles, Eleanor "If You're Thinking of Living In/Milford, Conn.; Long Shoreline and a Wealth of Activities", The New York Times, April 7, 2002, accessed July 3, 2011.
- Skehan, James W., Roadside Geology of Connecticut and Rhode Island, p 218, Missoula, Montana: Mountain Press Publishing Co., 2008, ISBN 978-0-8284-2547-1
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 28, 2008" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Retrieved 2009-04-13.
- http://www.nhregister.com/articles/2009/06/10/news/milford/a1_--_man_caves.txt[dead link]
- Finley, Bill (February 12, 2006). "IN PERSON; When the Cheers Aren't Enough". The New York Times. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
- Mooney, Tom, "Peter Pond's War," Providence Journal, Oct 15, 1989 p. M-06.
- Internet Movie DataBase Web site's page for Milford, Connecticut
- Dooling, Michael C. Milford Lost & Found, The Carrollton Press, 2009
- City of Milford official website
- Downtown Milford Business Association
- Village of Devon
- Milford, Connecticut at the Open Directory Project
- "Early Milford", history of Milford
- Milford Living magazine
- 1646 map of Milford
- MilfordRadio.com, community information