Milford, New Jersey

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Milford, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Milford
Map of Milford in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Milford in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Milford, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Milford, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°34′26″N 75°05′22″W / 40.573843°N 75.089483°W / 40.573843; -75.089483Coordinates: 40°34′26″N 75°05′22″W / 40.573843°N 75.089483°W / 40.573843; -75.089483[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Hunterdon
Incorporated May 8, 1911
Government[5]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor James A. Gallos (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Clerk Karen Dysart[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 1.226 sq mi (3.175 km2)
 • Land 1.149 sq mi (2.975 km2)
 • Water 0.077 sq mi (0.200 km2)  6.31%
Area rank 483rd of 566 in state
21st of 26 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 253 ft (77 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 1,233
 • Estimate (2012[10]) 1,208
 • Rank 525th of 566 in state
23rd of 26 in county[11]
 • Density 1,073.4/sq mi (414.4/km2)
 • Density rank 372nd of 566 in state
9th of 26 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08848[12][13]
Area code(s) 908[14]
FIPS code 3401946260[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 885301[17][2]
Website www.milfordnj.org

Milford is a borough located in western Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 1,233,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 38 (+3.2%) from the 1,195 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 78 (-6.1%) from the 1,273 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Milford was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 15, 1911, from portions of Holland Township, based on the results of a referendum held on May 8, 1911. The borough's incorporation was confirmed on March 13, 1925.[19]

The borough is located on the Delaware River in the western portion of Hunterdon County, known as the Hunterdon Plateau. The Borough dates to the mid-18th century when a grist mill was established here. After the mill was destroyed by fire in 1769, the settlement became known as Burnt Mills. The town became commonly known as "Millford" by the beginning of the 19th century, but by 1844 the name had lost an "L". It was incorporated in 1911 but the official incorporation was not registered until 1925.[20]

Geography[edit]

Milford is located at 40°34′26″N 75°05′22″W / 40.573843°N 75.089483°W / 40.573843; -75.089483 (40.573843,-75.089483). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.226 square miles (3.175 km2), of which, 1.149 square miles (2.975 km2) of it was land and 0.077 square miles (0.200 km2) of it (6.31%) was water.[1][2]

Milford borders Alexandria Township and Holland Township. Milford also borders the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and is connected to Upper Black Eddy, Bridgeton Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania by the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission's free Upper Black Eddy-Milford Bridge over the Delaware River.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 656
1930 933 42.2%
1940 933 0.0%
1950 1,012 8.5%
1960 1,114 10.1%
1970 1,230 10.4%
1980 1,368 11.2%
1990 1,273 −6.9%
2000 1,195 −6.1%
2010 1,233 3.2%
Est. 2012 1,208 [10] −2.0%
Population sources:1920[21]
1920-1930[22] 1930-1990[23]
2000[24][25] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,233 people, 520 households, and 331.2 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,073.4 per square mile (414.4 /km2). There were 552 housing units at an average density of 480.5 per square mile (185.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.32% (1,200) White, 0.24% (3) Black or African American, 0.16% (2) Native American, 0.97% (12) Asian, 0.08% (1) Pacific Islander, 0.24% (3) from other races, and 0.97% (12) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.19% (27) of the population.[7]

There were 520 households, of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.93.[7]

In the borough, 20.6% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 32.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.1 years. For every 100 females there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.0 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $75,948 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,902) and the median family income was $79,653 (+/- $5,673). Males had a median income of $52,679 (+/- $12,062) versus $42,778 (+/- $8,377) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $32,823 (+/- $2,774). About 0.9% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.[26]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 1,195 people, 469 households, and 323 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,037.7 people per square mile (401.2/km2). There were 484 housing units at an average density of 420.3 per square mile (162.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.57% White, 0.17% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.33% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, and 1.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.01% of the population.[24][25]

There were 469 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.1% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.11.[24][25]

In the borough the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 102.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.3 males.[24][25]

The median income for a household in the borough was $54,519, and the median income for a family was $62,167. Males had a median income of $46,500 versus $31,765 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $25,039. About 1.8% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.[24][25]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Milford is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at large. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year.[5]

As of 2013, the Mayor of Milford Borough is Democrat James A. Gallos, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015). Members of the Borough Council are Council President George A. Sniffin, Vincent Bigley, Jr. (2014), Carol Heller, Noralie LaFevre (2014), John R. Phillips and Donald Pursell.[27][28]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Milford is located in the 7th Congressional District[29] and is part of New Jersey's 23rd state legislative district.[8][30][31]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township).[32] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[33][34] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[35][36]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 23rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Michael J. Doherty (R, Washington Township, Warren County) and in the General Assembly by John DiMaio (R, Hackettstown) and Erik Peterson (R, Franklin Township, Hunterdon County).[37][38] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[39] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[40]

Hunterdon County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who serve three-year terms of office at-large on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as the board's Director and another to serve as Deputy Director.[41] As of 2014, Hunterdon County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director J. Matthew Holt (R; Clinton Town, 2015),[42] Freeholder Deputy Director John King (R; Raritan Township, 2015),[43] Suzanne Lagay (R; Holland Township, 2016),[44] John E. Lanza (R; Flemington, 2016)[45] and Robert G. Walton (R; Hampton, 2014).[46][47] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Mary H. Melfi (R; Flemington, 2017),[48] Sheriff Fredrick W. Brown (R; Alexandria Township, 2016)[49] and Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman (R; Kingwood Township, 2018).[50][51][52]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 823 registered voters in Milford Township, of which 206 (25.0%) were registered as Democrats, 304 (36.9%) were registered as Republicans and 313 (38.0%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[53]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 51.4% of the vote here (340 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 46.4% (307 votes) and other candidates with 2.1% (14 votes), among the 661 ballots cast by the township's 840 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.7%.[54] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 57.9% of the vote here (364 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 40.7% (256 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (9 votes), among the 629 ballots cast by the township's 787 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 79.9.[55]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 58.4% of the vote here (281 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 28.1% (135 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 10.6% (51 votes) and other candidates with 1.9% (9 votes), among the 481 ballots cast by the township's 827 registered voters, yielding a 58.2% turnout.[56]

Education[edit]

The Milford Borough School District serves public school students in pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade. Milford Public School had an enrollment of 118 students in the 2010-11 school year.[57]

Students in public school for ninth through twelfth grades attend the Delaware Valley Regional High School, part of the Delaware Valley Regional High School District, which serves students in western Hunterdon County from Alexandria, Holland and Kingwood Townships along with Frenchtown and Milford boroughs.[58][59][60]

Transportation[edit]

The Upper Black Eddy – Milford Bridge, owned and operated by the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission carries Bridge Street across the Delaware River, connecting CR 519 in Milford with Pennsylvania Route 32 in Upper Black Eddy, Pennsylvania. The existing bridge was constructed in 1933 on the site of a covered bridge built in 1842 and another partially destroyed in a 1903 flood. The bridge is a Warren truss that extends 700 feet (210 m) across the river.[61]

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of Milford include:

  • Louis Adamic (1899–1951), Slovene-American author and translator.[62]
  • Richard Egielski (born 1952), awarded the 1987 Caldecott Medal for his illustrations in the book Hey, Al, written by Arthur Yorinks.[63]
  • Wanda Gág (1893–1946), artist and author of children's books (Millions of Cats).[64]
  • Thomas Lowrey (1737-1809), settled in Milford in the 1790s and built the first hotel and grist mill on Bridge Street. He named the town Lowreytown, but it was renamed Millsford following his death in 1809.[65]
  • Abigail Roberts (1791-1841), pioneer in religion and women's rights who was one of the first American women to serve as a minister and established the United Church of Christ in Milford.[66]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Borough Officials, Borough of Milford. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 103.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Milford, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Milford borough, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 10. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Milford borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Milford, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 28, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Milford, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 21, 2013.
  15. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 29, 2012.
  17. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  19. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 157. Accessed October 29, 2012.
  20. ^ Hunterdon County web page for Milford Borough, accessed March 17, 2007
  21. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 21, 2013.
  22. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 716. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  23. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  24. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Milford borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  25. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Milford borough, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  26. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Milford borough, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  27. ^ Brill, Douglas B. "Hunterdon County governments reorganize", The Express-Times, January 21, 2012. Accessed November 15, 2012. "Re-elected Mayor James Gallos was sworn into a new four-year term. George A. Sniffin was appointed council president. Newly elected Vincent R. Bigley Jr. was sworn into a three-year term. He replaces, Barbara Corrigan, who did not seek re-election. Re-elected Councilman Don Pursell also was sworn into a three-year term. Noralie LaFevre, Carole Heller and John R. Phillips remain on the council. Democrats LaFevre and Phillips are the only non-Republicans."
  28. ^ Administration, Borough of Milford. Accessed November 15, 2012. John R. Phillips is listed as Council President as of date accessed.
  29. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  30. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 61, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  31. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  32. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  33. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  34. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  35. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  36. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  37. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 7, 2014.
  38. ^ District 23 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 7, 2014.
  39. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  40. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  41. ^ About the Board, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  42. ^ Matt Holt, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  43. ^ John King, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  44. ^ Suzanne Lagay, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  45. ^ John E. Lanza, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  46. ^ Robert G. Walton, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  47. ^ Hunterdon County Board of Chosen Freeholders, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  48. ^ Hunterdon County Clerk Mary H. Melfi, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  49. ^ Frederick W. Brown; Hunterdon County Sheriff, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  50. ^ Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  51. ^ 2014 Elected Officials, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  52. ^ Wichert, Bill. "Hunterdon County sheriff re-elected, GOP newcomers win freeholder seats", The Star-Ledger, November 5, 2013. Accessed June 30, 2014. "County Sheriff Frederick Brown won a second three-year term over Democratic challenger Paul Carluccio. County Surrogate Susan Hoffman, who ran unopposed, also won re-election to a five-year term.When they join the all-Republican freeholders board in January, Lanza and Lagay will fill the seats vacated by Republicans George Melick and Will Mennen."
  53. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Hunterdon, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  54. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  55. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  56. ^ 2009 Governor: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  57. ^ Data for the Milford Borough School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  58. ^ Home Page, Delaware Valley Regional High School. Accessed October 21, 2013. "Delaware Valley Regional High School serves over 1,000 students in western Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Students from Alexandria, Holland, & Kingwood Townships along with the boroughs of Frenchtown and Milford attend Del Val."
  59. ^ Delaware Valley Regional School District 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 21, 2013. "The board, in attaining this goal, is committed to working in collaborative partnership with its sending districts: Alexandria Township, Frenchtown, Holland Township, Kingwood Township, and Milford."
  60. ^ Public School Directory 2012-2013, p. 60. Hunterdon County Department of Education. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  61. ^ Upper Black Eddy-Milford Toll Supported Bridge, Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission. Accessed October 21, 2013.
  62. ^ Staff. "2 Clews Cast Doubt On Adamic Suicide", The Washington Post, September 6, 1951. Accessed November 15, 2012. "Two 'pieces of physical evidence' have been found at the scene of Louis Adamic's death which 'do not reconcile well with the suicide theory' advanced yesterday when the 52-year-old author was found shot in his lonely farmhouse at nearby Milford, H.T. Heisel, Hunterdon County prosecutor, said today."
  63. ^ Adelson, Fred B. "ART; Children's Page Turners to Linger Over", The New York Times, January 9, 2000. Accessed November 15, 2012. "Both Richard Egielski of Milford and John Schoenherr of Delaware Township (near Stockton) are represented by illustrations from books aimed at ages 4 to 8, the youngest group."
  64. ^ Federal Writers' Project. "New Jersey, a Guide to Its Present and Past", p. 186. US History Publishers, 2007. ISBN 1-60354-029-6. Accessed January 10, 2011.
  65. ^ Thomas Lowrey, Milford Borough Historical Society. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  66. ^ Abigail Roberts, Milford Borough Historical Society. Accessed November 15, 2012.

External links[edit]