Milhamoth ha-Shem (Hebrew מלחמות השם) or Milhamoth Adonai (Wars of the Lord) is the title of several Hebrew polemical texts. The phrase is taken from the Book of the Wars of the Lord referenced in Numbers 21:14–15.
Among these the most notable are:
- 1 Milhamoth ha-Shem of Salmon ben Jeroham, 10th century
- 2 Milhamoth ha-Shem of Jacob ben Reuben, 12th century
- 3 Milhamoth ha-Shem of Abraham, son of Maimonides, 13th century
- 4 Milhamoth ha-Shem of Nachmanides, 13th century
- 5 Milhamoth ha-Shem of Levi ben Gershom, 14th century
- 6 Milhamoth ha-Shem of Yiḥyah Qafiḥ, 1931
- 7 References
Milhamoth ha-Shem of Salmon ben Jeroham, 10th century
Milhamoth ha-Shem of Jacob ben Reuben, 12th century
The Milhamoth ha-Shem of Jacob ben Reuben, is a 12th-century Jewish apologia against conversion by Christians, consisting of questions and answers from selected texts of Gospel of Matthew, including Matt. 1:1-16, 3:13-17, 4:1-11, 5:33-40, 11:25-27, 12:1-8, 26:36-39, 28:16-20. It served as a precedent for the full Hebrew translation and interspersed commentary on Matthew found in Ibn Shaprut's Touchstone c. 1385.
Milhamoth ha-Shem of Abraham, son of Maimonides, 13th century
Milhamoth ha-Shem of Nachmanides, 13th century
Milhamoth ha-Shem of Levi ben Gershom, 14th century
Milhamoth ha-Shem of Yiḥyah Qafiḥ, 1931
Yehia al-Qafih (Hebrew: רבי יחיא בן שלמה קאפח 1853-1932) was Chief Rabbi of Sana'a, Yemen and founded the Dor Dai movement in Judaism, against Isaac Luria's formulation of Kabbalah. Qafih's Milḥamot HaShem (1931) argues that the Zohar is not authentic.
- Milhamoth ha-Shem of Salmon ben Jeroham, Davidson 1934
- The Jewish quarterly review 1937 "It is, therefore, with great joy that students of early Karaism will receive the first complete edition of Salmon's main polemical work, the Sifer Milhamoth ha-Shem, recently published by Prof. Davidson"
- William Horbury Hebrew study from Ezra to Ben-Yehuda 1999 128
- J. Rosenthal (ed.), Jacob b. Reuben, Milhamoth ha-Shem (Jerusalem, 1963), pp. 141-52
- Jacob Israel Dienstag, Fred Rosner Abraham Maimonides' Wars of the Lord and the Maimonidean controversy 2000 - 207 "The name of the work, Milchamot Hashem, literally "The Wars of the Lord," seems to indicate that Abraham Maimonides considered it to be a divine duty to defend his father's works against the slanderers and liars..."
- Milchamot Hashem of Rabbi Avraham ben HaRambam With comments and explanations by Rabbi Reuven Margaliot. Publisher: Mossad HaRav Kook
- Jewish Encyclopedia on Nachmanides
- Levi ben Gershom Wars of the Lord translated into English by Seymour Feldman in 3 volumes (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1984, 1987, 1999) "As Gersonides tells us in his Introduction to the Wars of the Lord, he will consider in this treatise only those topics that were not adequately or completely treated by his predecessors, especially Maimonides."