List of lesser-known Loloish languages

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Listed below are lesser-known ethnolinguistic groups that speak Loloish languages. Most of these groups speak languages of uncertain affiliation within Loloish, and are under-documented or undocumented.[1]

Lesser-known Loloish ethnolinguistic groups[1]
Ethnolinguistic group Population Linguistic affiliation Locations
A Che 阿车 35,000 Southern Yi (ISO 639-3: yif) Shuangbai County (pop. 23,000) and Yimen County (pop. 11,100) of Chuxiong Prefecture
Adu 阿笃 6,500+ Form of Chinese similar to the Dajie District dialect of Jiangchuan County, and the Zijun dialect of Kunming Huaning County (pop. 3,500) in Songzichang 松子厂,[2] Xinzhai 新寨,[3] Douju 斗居,[4] and Chengmentong 城门同;[5] Haikou District 海口镇 in Chengjiang County (pop. 2,025)
Aling 阿灵 5,500 Eastern Yi; similar to Da Hei Neisu and Xiao Hei Neisu Shizong County (pop. 5,600) in Yimai 矣麦, Faza 法杂,[6] Chezhai 扯寨,[7] Musheluo 木舍落/木舌落,[8] Yinie 矣捏, Yijia 遗甲, Shugandian 束干甸/束米甸,[9][10] and Dashao 大哨;[11] Longhai Mountains of Luliang County (pop. 2,400); Shilin County: Guishan 圭山乡 (mostly in Yumeidu Village 雨美堵村[12]), Muzhuqing 亩竹箐乡, and Dake 大可乡 townships
Alu 阿鲁 (Luwu, Luowu) 5,500 (China); 1,407 (Laos) Southern Yi Hama Village 哈马,[13][14] Huangcaoling Township 黄草岭乡, Yuanyang County; Laojizhai Township 老集寨乡, Jinping County; possibly Simao Prefecture, Jiangcheng County (people also called Alu); Gnot-Ou District, Phongsali Province, Laos
Ati 阿梯 12,600 (1999) Southeastern Yi Huaning County; smaller numbers also in Jianshui County
Awu, Northern 阿乌(北) 3,500 Northern Yi, related to Xiaoliangshan Nosu, Talu, Liwu, Tagu, and Naza Peiyuan 培元村,[15] Shuiping 水坪村,[16] and Yongle 永乐村[17] Villages of Da'an Township 大安彝族纳西族乡, Yongsheng County
Ayizi 阿夷子 (Ge) 426 (1986) Eastern Yi or Southeastern Yi? (ISO 639-3: yyz) Shilin County: Aimailongcun Village 爱买龙,[18] Beidacun Township 北大村乡; also in Banqiao Township 板桥乡, and other parts of Beidacun 北大村乡
Azong 阿宗 1,000 Southern Yi or Western Yi? Jiangcheng County
Budo 布度 10,000+ Bi-Ka branch, closely related to Biyo and Kado; people classified as Hani Ailao Mountains 哀牢山, Mojiang County and Yuanjiang County; possibly also Xinping County
Chesu 车苏 6,600 Southern Yi, similar to Lesu; the Chesu claim that their language is not a Yi language (ISO 639-3: ych) Southern Shuangbai County, northern Xinping County
Daizhan 带占 11,600 Southeastern Yi, related to Puwa, Digao, Asahei, Ani, and Labapo Beige Township 碑格乡, Kaiyuan County
Depo 得颇 (Adou[puo], Gan Yi) 6,000 Eastern Nasu? Panzhihua, Sichuan
Doupo 都泼 600+ Eastern Nasu? Mafang Village 马房, Fumin County (pop. 400), Guanshanchang Village 官山场, Qinglong Township 青龙镇, Anning County (pop. 200)
Duota 多它 11,000+ Southern Yi or Northern Yi?; speakers variously classified as Yi and Hani Mojiang County, Yuanjiang County
Enipu 厄尼蒲 16,000+ Central Yi Nanjian County (pop. 11,000): Wanubu 瓦怒卜,[19] Baishajing 白沙井,[20] and Laojiaku 老家库[21] Villages of Xinmin Township 新民, and Ertaipo 二台坡[22] Villages, Langcang Township 浪沧乡; Weishan County (pop. 5,000): Yinchang 银厂村,[23] Qinghe 青和村,[24] Qingmin 箐民村,[25] and Wuxing 五星村[26] Villages of Qinghua Township 青华乡
Gaiji 改积 30,000 Western Yi Central Yun County
Gaisu, Southern 改苏(南) (Bailili, Luozu) 35,000 Southern Yi Eastern Kaiyuan County (pop. 35,000); small portion of Gejiu County (pop. 1,400)
Gaisu, Western 改苏(西) (Luoren) 1,000 Western Yi? Northeastern Yongde County; possibly in Myanmar
Gepo, Western 葛泼(西) 6,500 Western Yi? Liuhe Township 六合彝族乡, Heqing County
Gese 葛色 12,000 Eastern Yi; most of their neighbors speak Central Yi and Western Yi languages Lufeng County: Eastern Tuo'an Township 妥安乡, Southern Gaofeng Township 高峰乡
Gesu 葛苏 12,000 Central Yi? Dayao County, Wuding County
Gouzou 构邹 4,000 Eastern Yi Weining County, Guizhou
Guaigun 乖滚 400 Southern Yi or Southeastern Yi?; unclassified Southern Zhenyuan County: Tianba 田坝村,[27] Sanhe/Santai 三合村/三台村,[28] Lianhe 联合村,[29] and Minjiang 民江村[30] of Tianba Township 田坝乡
Guopu 果铺 (Guoluo) 16,900 Eastern Yi Weining County, in the Wumeng Mountains
Labapo 腊拔泼 6,400 (1999) Southeastern Yi; classified as Aza Kaiyuan County: more than 20 villages in Beige 碑格乡 and Dazhuang 大庄回族乡 Townships
Lagou 腊勾 8,000+ Same as Nasu?; former slaves of the Nasu people Weining County (pop. 6,000+), Yiliang County of Zhaotong Prefecture (pop. 2000)
Laka 腊卡 6,000+ Same as Naluo?; subgroup of the Naluo people Wuding County
Lami 腊米 100,000 Western Yi; mostly classified as Yi, some as Hani Yuanyang County (in Habo 哈播村[31]), Pu'er County, 5 other counties; northern Vietnam
Laopang 劳旁 12,000 Lahu? Yongde or Yongkang; northern Myanmar
Laowu 老乌 6,300 (1999) Southern Yi Western Jinping County
Lemo 勒墨 2,000+ Lisu and Tai Mao mixed language, or Chinese?; classified as Lisu Lemo 勒墨寨,[32] Pianma Township 片马镇, 78 km (48 mi.) from Liuku Township 六库镇 (the seat of Nujiang Prefecture), along the Nujiang River
Lesu 勒苏 15,000 Southern Yi?; divergent (ISO 639-3: hle) Xinping, Jinping, Zhenyuan, Eshan Counties
Limi 俐米 30,000 Western Yi (ISO 639-3: ylm) Yongde County (Wumulong 乌木龙彝族乡 and Yalian 亚练乡 Townships); southern Guodazhai Township 郭大寨彝族白族乡, Fengqing County (pop. 4,000), and southeastern Yingpan Township 营盘村; Yun County (pop. 1,000)
Liude 六得 1,400 Northern Yi, with Xiaoliangshan Nosu influences?; closely related to Talu people Yongsheng County: a few villages of Liude Township 六德乡
Liwu 里乌 4,300 Northern Yi Yongsheng County: Liang'e 良峨[33] and Jifu 吉福 [34] Villages of Xinghu Township 星湖村
Long 弄 1,300 Southeastern Yi Huaning County: 5 villages (Kazhai 卡寨,[35] Sheyin 舍阴寨,[36] Shemuduo 舍木多村,[37] Suojigou 所基沟,[38] and Pusulu 普苏鲁[39]) in Xingcheng Township 新城村
Lopi 水田 [1] Essentially extinct (ethnicity: 15,000+) Central Yi (ISO 639-3: lov) Panzhihua, Sichuan: Futian 福田 and Pingjiang 平江 Townships; northern Yunnan
Meng 孟 4,000 Akha branch Shuangjiang County
Micha 密察 1,000+ Unclassified; Western Yi or Central Yi? Nanjian County: around Aliwu 阿里勿[40] and Santaishan 三台山,[41] southeast of Dali
Michi 米切 (Michia) 29,700 Central Yi, Eastern Yi, Southeastern Yi? Northern Yunnan (mostly in Wuding County; also in Fumin, Lufeng, Luquan, Yimen, and Anning Counties) and Panzhihua, Sichuan
Mili 咪哩 23,000 Western Yi? (ISO 639-3: ymh) Jingdong County: Anding 安定乡 and Wenlong 文龙乡 Townships; also in Zhenyuan and Xinping Counties
Minglang 明廊 1,500+ Related to Sani Wuding County: Lower Lemei Village 下乐美[42] of Chadian Township 插甸乡, and Tianxin Village 田心[43] of Gaoqiao Township 高桥镇; Maoshan Township 茂山乡, Luquan County; probably also Fumin County
Mixisu 米习俗 5,000 Northern Yi Xichang County and Mianning County
Muda 母打 2,300+ Phunoi branch; related to Bisu, and may be Sangkong (ISO 639-3: ymd) Gasa Township 嘎洒镇, Jinghong County
Naluo 纳罗 (Alu, Gani) 37,000 Eastern Yi? (ISO 639-3: ylo) Luquan, Wuding, Dongchuan, and Yuanmou Counties; small numbers in Huize County, and parts of Qujing Prefecture
Naru 纳儒 11,500+ Northern Yi Southern and Central Yongsheng County (pop. 7,000), Southern Huaping County (pop. 4,500)
Naruo 纳若 (Zhili) 12,000 Northern Yi; may be the same as Xiaoliangshan Nosu Yongsheng County, Huaping County
Naza 纳咱 1,300+ Northern Yi? Nazan Village 纳咱,[44] Liude Village 六德村, Liude Township 六德乡, Yongsheng County
Pengzi 棚子 250 Western Yi? Wumulong Township 乌木龙彝族乡 (and possibly also Mengban Township 勐板乡), Yongde County
Popei 泼胚 3,000 - 5,000 Similar to Central Luoluopo Huaping County (pop. 1,000; several villages), Dayao and Yongren Counties; small pockets in nearby regions
Qiangyi 羌夷 10,000 Western Yi or Southern Qiang? Xiangyun County (pop. 9,000): Xiangme 香么村,[45] Ziqianglang 自羌朗村,[46] Huangcaoshao 黄草哨村,[47] Chuchang 楚场村,[48] and Chalangshao 插朗哨村[49] Villages of Midian Township 米甸彝族镇; Daying 大营村[50] and Xinxingzuo 新兴苴村[51] Villages of Hedian Township 禾甸乡; Binchuan County (pop. 1,000)
Samadu, Eastern 撒马多(东) (Samaduo) 600 Eastern Yi or Southeastern Yi? (ISO 639-3: ysd) Zijun Village 子君村,[52] Yiliu Township 矣六乡, Guandu District, Kunming
Samadu, Western 撒马堵(西) 7,500 (1999) Western Yi? Zhenkang County (pop. 6,000), Yongde County (pop. 1,500)
Sanda 散达 1,000 (1996) Related to Jino and Ake? Between Jinghong and Menglian Counties: 6 villages in the Sanda Mountains (between Jinghong and Menglian)
Sansu 散苏 12,000 (1995) Related to Hani?; originally non-Tibeto-Burman, but now classified as Hani (ISO 639-3: hle) Yuanjiang County
Suan 蒜 250 Western Yi? Yongde County: Wumulong Township 乌木龙彝族乡 and Mengban Township 勐板乡; neighbors with the Pengzi people
Tagu 塔谷 3,500+ Northern Yi (ISO 639-3: yta) Yongsheng County: Dongshan 东山村[53] and Gai Villages 该村 (including Taguping 他谷坪), Dongshan Township 东山傈僳族彝族乡; Ninglang County
Tushu 土数 5,000+ Eastern Yi Weining County, Yiliang County of Zhaotong Prefecture
Tusu 土族 31,000 Western Yi? Xiangyun County: Da'aonai Village 大敖奶村/大凹奈村[54] of Luming Township 鹿鸣乡; Jindan 金单村, Zhifang 支方村, and Dacang 大仓村[55] Villages of Xiazhuang Township 下庄镇; Jiangwei Village 江尾村 of Pupeng Township 普棚镇; Dongshan Township 东山乡; Dayao County (in Baiyangdi Village 白羊地村 in Sanchahe Township 三岔河乡, and in Tiesuo Township 铁锁乡) and Binchuan County
Woni 窝尼 110,000 Bi-Ka branch; people classified as Hani, but may be an assimilated Mon-Khmer group Mojiang, Pu'er, and Simao Counties
Wopu 窝普 3,000+ Eastern Yi; may be similar to Da Hei Neisu Xingyi County of Guizhou, Luoping County of Yunnan; possibly also Longlin or Xilin Counties of Guangxi
Xiangtang 香堂 80,000 Western Yi 9 scattered counties of southwestern Yunnan; far-western Lüchun County
Xijima 洗期麻 30,000 Western Yi Central Yun County
Xiqi 西期 13,000 Southeastern Yi Huaning County, Yuxi Prefecture: Tonghongdian Township 通红甸乡 (in Suomeizao 所梅早村[56] and Dapozuo 大婆左村[57]), Panxi Township 盘溪镇 (in and around Yide 矣得村,[58] Fagao 法高村,[59] Dayaxi 大丫喜村,[60] and Longtanying 龙潭营村[61]), Huaxi Township 华溪镇 (in and around Xishajing 西沙井村[62] and Dujiacun 独家村[63]), Qinglong Township 青龙镇 (in Shanzhi 山枝村[64] and Qize 起则村[65]), Chengjia Township 陈家乡 (on Denglou Mountain 登楼山)
Yiche 以车 19,000 Similar to Hani; people classified as Hani Honghe Prefecture: Chegu 车古乡, Langdi 浪堤乡, and Dayangjie 大羊街乡 Townships

Notes and references[edit]

  • Lama, Ziwo Qiu-Fuyuan (2012), Subgrouping of Nisoic (Yi) Languages, thesis, University of Texas at Arlington (archived)
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