Mouvement Socialiste Militant
|Militant Socialist Movement|
|Leader||Pravind Jugnauth MP|
|Founder||Sir Anerood Jugnauth|
|President||Sowkatally Soodun MP|
|Vice President||Leela Devi Dookhun MP|
|Founded||April 8, 1983|
|Headquarters||Sun Trust Building - 1er Etage, 31, rue Edith Cavell, Port-Louis|
|Ideology||Democratic Socialism, Social Democracy, Centre-left|
|National Assembly of Mauritius|
|Politics of Mauritius
The Mouvement Socialiste Militant (MSM) (English: Militant Socialist Movement) is a centre-left political party in Mauritius that adheres to the philosophies of socialism and political democracy. It is the 3rd largest political party in the National Assembly. It has in all 13 seats directly elected from the 2010 general elections. It is one of the three biggest political parties in the country, the others being the Labour Party (PTR) and Mouvement Militant Mauricien (MMM).
The Militant Socialist Movement emerged in 1983 out of the split between the then coalition government led by MMM leader Paul Bérenger and Parti Socialiste Mauricien (PSM) led by Harish Boodhoo. The two parties which formed a coalition government from 1982 broke their alliance just 19 months after. Sir Anerood Jugnauth who was prime minister and the president of the MMM made an agreement with Harish Boodhoo. The coalition broke and Jugnauth parted ways with his leader Berenger and associated him with a new party with dissidents from the Mauritian Socialist Party and the MMM members who were not in agreement with Berenger. The people along with Jugnauth as Leader formed the MSM.
The MSM is a party led by the historical & political Jugnauth family in Mauritius. The creator of the party is Sir Anerood Jugnauth who has been prime minister for 16 years and president for 8 years. He has been party leader from 1983 to 2003. In 2003, his son Pravind Jugnauth won the elections for leadership of the party and therefore has been leader since 2003 and is Vice Prime Minister in the coalition government from 2010. The party also had other members of the Jugnauth family starting with Lall Jugnauth (who is former Attorney General), Ashok Jugnauth (former Minister of Health) and Maya Hanoomanjee, (also former Minister of Health).
It is the only party to form the government winning 3 general elections in a row. It formed the government of the country in 1983, 1987, 1991,2000 and lastly 2010. At the legislative elections of 11 September 2000, the party was part of a coalition of the Militant Socialist Movement and the Mauritian Militant Movement that won 51.7% and 58 out of 70 seats. It became opposition party in 2005 after the victory of its main opponent, Alliance Sociale. In the 2005 elections, 3 July 2005, the party lost from 29 seats to 11 seats.
In Mauritian parliamentary elections held in 2010, it became part of the coalition government alongside with the Mauritian Labour Party and the Mauritian Social Democrat Party. It governs with Labour party Leader Navin Ramgoolam as Prime Minister. Their coalition won 45 seats in parliament.
As from August 2011, the MSM left the Ptr-MSM-PMSD and thus break the alliance and was left with 11 Mps as two members stayed in the cabinet as independents. The party is therefore the second opposition party after the MMM. As of 2011, the front bench of the MSM is composed of four members namely, Pravind Jugnauth (Leader), Nando Bodha (Secretary General), Showkatally Soodhun (President) & Leela Devi Dookhun (Vice President).
Birth and philosophy of the MSM
The MSM took birth in 1983, more precisely on April 8, 1983, after the scission of elements from the MMM and the PSM, starting from chaos, of political instability, by creating the opposite, namely the order and the discipline, stability and continuity.
The battle in favour of industrialization
At once after independence, Mauritius had adopted a strategy of development embracing agricultural diversification and the industrialization based on the substitution of imports. However, this introverted strategy proved to be inappropriate considering the exiguity of the domestic market. Moreover, the majority of the companies which were established in Mauritius had created few employment.
The need for a change of strategy was thus felt. About the middle of the Seventies, a strategy of growth more directed towards outside, and based on industry with strong intensity of labour was installation. This strategy was however suitable but ineffective. Because the rate of unemployment was increasing, reaching 17% in 1982. The economic growth remained slow and the industrialization of the country does not make a success of since the economy remained a saving in monoculture, that of the cane with sugar.
All these economic indicators drew a dark future for the country. The economy, in 1982, was like a plane immobilized on the ground and the conditions of takeoff were not favourable. Moreover, the mass unemployment generated a poverty on a large scale and caused a feeling of despair within the population, which lost confidence in itself and in the system. Such a situation constituted a fertile ground with the emergence of new social problems which threatened to destroy fabric even company Mauritian. Mauritius was in a situation extremely embarrassing where there was little place to optimism. Crisis of Leadership economic pessimism was accentuated because of uncertainties on the political scene. The crisis of leadership was obvious and the people claimed a strong leadership and political stability. The wishes of the population were to be exaucés with the creation of the MSM in April 1983.
A new party… A new vision… A new approach
The advent of the MSM brought a new vision and a new approach in the political scene. The country needed a leadership extremely just as a management of the more effective economy. The MSM maintained a strong faith in the destiny of Mauritius. The MSM took as a starting point a philosophy of government based on pragmatism, sincerity, the frankness and the will to be useful.
August 1983 - The general elections
The results of the general elections of August 1983 were not the fruit of the chance but the realization of “Vox populi” through the ballot boxes. Once the swing-low of the election campaign finished, the government of Anerood Jugnauth rolled up the handles to be put seriously at work. The government resulting from the elections of 1983 had for prime objective to give fresh impulse to the economy, to stimulate industrialization, to activate the frank zone of export and to launch a significant agricultural diversification. It was then a question of leaving the country the stagnation and of eliminating the threat from social explosion by creating jobs. The achievement of this objective passed by a revision of the political ideology preached before to the MM. The MSM had decided to choose political realism and pragmatism. The results were going to impress the whole world: small Mauritius under Prime-ministership de Sir Anerood Jugnauth carried out an economic miracle. The country thus joined the league of the developing countries. The period 1983-1995 will remain engraved forever in the history of the country, because it was glorious in more than one way and will remain a reference for the future. The building work of Mauritius modern and resolutely turned towards the future was going to continue between 2000 and 2005, once again when the MSM was with the government. The new leader and ex-minister of Finances, Pravind Jugnauth, gave an outline of his vision of Mauritius of tomorrow by posting his will to transform the country into a `Duty Free Island' in Budget 2005/2006. Under the enlightened leadership of Pravind Jugnauth, the MSM prepares to reconquer the capacity, to give again hope with the people Mauritian, to make revive the glorious moments of 1983-1995 by republishing the exploit of a second economic miracle. While basing the action with the government on political realism and economic pragmatism, the MSM has an ideal which can be summarized with the following objectives:
- To consolidate the unit in the diversity, which hardens peace and the harmony and guarantees the political stability which in itself is an indispensable condition to attract in the country the investors and the investment without which the economy does not thrive
- To create better living conditions by modernizing the country more and creating richnesses to widen the national cake
- To ensure a serene future in a context of liberalization and globalisation
- To promote the wellbeing of the population and to bring happiness in each Mauritian family
The party's golden years were during the 1980s and 1990s, where it is recognised to have been at its strongest. Indeed, this period was considered as being one of the best the party ever knew. By an amalgamation with Harish Boodhoo's PSM, the party was formed in 1983, one year after the first ever 60-0 victory at Mauritian elections. With its dream-team, the MSM marked a long era of stability and security in Mauritius. It is to be noted however that many of the members emerging from this party- Anil Baichoo, Madun Dulloo, Ajay Daby, Vishnu Lutchmeenaraidoo, Kadress Pillay, Sheila Bapoo, Mahen Utchanah - to name a few, while still being very much present on the political scene, are no longer members of the MSM.
The leader of the MSM has for long been Sir Anerood Jugnauth. He then handed over the leadership to his son, Pravind Jugnauth, a former Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister. Anerood Jugnauth is currently the President of the Republic of Mauritius.
Back in the Government
Pravind Jugnauth leader of the party was announced as fourth in the government hierarchy holding the most powerful ministry office namely Minister of Finance position.
2010 elections saw 14 members of the MSM elected out of the 18 candidate who stood for parliamentary elections .
Parliamentary Results Since Creation
overall seats won
|1983||1st||Sir Anerood Jugnauth||Prime Minister|
|1987||1st||Sir Anerood Jugnauth||Prime Minister|
|1991||1st||Sir Anerood Jugnauth||Prime Minister|
|1995||None||Sir Anerood Jugnauth||None|
|2000||1st||Sir Anerood Jugnauth||Prime Minister|
|2010||3rd||Pravind Jugnauth||Vice Prime Minister|