Military Intelligence Corps (United States Army)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Military Intelligence Corps)
Jump to: navigation, search
Military Intelligence Corps
Military Intelligence Regimental Insignia.png
Regimental Insignia
Country United States
Allegiance Regular Army
National Guard
Army Reserve
Branch U.S. Army
Type Military intelligence
Garrison/HQ INSCOMFort Belvoir, VA
Motto Always Out Front
March "Freedom on Parade"
Engagements American Civil War
World War I
World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Commanders
Deputy Chief of Staff, Intelligence LG Mary A. Legere
Insignia
Branch Insignia MI Corps Insignia.svg

The Military Intelligence Corps (sometimes referred to as MI) is the intelligence branch of the United States Army. The primary mission of military intelligence in the United States Army is to provide timely, relevant, accurate, and synchronized intelligence and electronic warfare support to tactical, operational and strategic-level commanders. The Army’s intelligence components produce intelligence both for Army use and for sharing across the national intelligence community.[1]

Structure[edit]

Approximately 28,000 military personnel and 3,800 civilian personnel are assigned to intelligence duties, comprising the Military Intelligence Corps. Some of the key components include:

  • Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, Intelligence (G-2). As the Army's Chief Intelligence Officer, the responsibilities of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence include policy formulation, planning, programming, budgeting, management, staff supervision, evaluation, and oversight for intelligence activities, as well as overall coordination of the major intelligence disciplines. The current G-2 is Mary A. Legere.
Army Intelligence Seal


INSCOM Emblem


MIRC SSI


USAICoE SSI


History[edit]

Intelligence personnel were a part of the Continental Army from its founding in 1775.

In January 1863, Major General Joseph Hooker established the Bureau of Military Information for the Union Army during the Civil War, headed by George H. Sharpe. Allan Pinkerton and Lafayette C. Baker handled similar operations for their respective regional commanders. All of those operations were shut down at the end of the Civil War in 1865.[2]

In 1885, the Army established the Military Intelligence Division (MID). In 1903, the MID was placed under the new general staff in an elevated position.[3]

In March 1942, the Military Intelligence Division was reorganized as the Military Intelligence Service (MIS). Originally consisting of just 26 people, 16 of them officers, it was quickly expanded to include 342 officers and 1,000 enlisted personnel and civilians. It was tasked with collecting, analyzing, and disseminating intelligence. Initially it included:

  • an Administrative Group
  • an Intelligence Group
  • a Counter-intelligence Group
  • an Operations Group

In May 1942, Alfred McCormack established the Special Branch of MIS, which specialized in COMINT.

In 1945, the Special Branch became the Army Security Agency. On January 1, 1942, the U.S. Army Corps of Intelligence Police (CIP) founded in WWI was redesignated, the US Army Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC).

It was in July 1967, that a number of intelligence and security organizations were combined to form the military intelligence branch.[4][5] [6] In 1977 they eventually recombined with the Army Intelligence Agency and Army Security Agency to become the US Army Intelligence and Security Command.

Military Intelligence Corps[edit]

The Military Intelligence Corps is one of the basic branches of the United States Army.[7] In 1971, the United States Army Intelligence Center was established at Fort Huachuca, Arizona as the home of the military intelligence branch. On 1 July 1987 the Military Intelligence Corps was activated as a regiment under the U.S. Army Regimental System.[8] All United States Army Military Intelligence personnel are members of the Military Intelligence Corps.

Units[edit]

Battlefield Surveillance Brigades[edit]

Battlefield Surveillance Brigades (BfSB) are meant to improve the situational awareness about the battlefield for commanders at division level or higher, so they can adapt their units combat power for the current operations. For this the Battlefield Surveillance Brigades can deploy unmanned aerial vehicles, signals gathering equipment, human intelligence collectors and long range surveillance patrols.[9]

There are currently three active Battlefield Surveillance Brigade, each supporting one of the three Corps of the US Army: the 201st BfSB at Fort Lewis, the 504th BfSB at Fort Hood and the 525th BfSB at Fort Bragg. A fourth brigade is scheduled to activate at Fort Polk in 2013 but is not yet named. The Army National Guard has additional seven BfSB's.

Each BfSB consists of a headquarters and headquarters company, two military intelligence battalions, a reconnaissance squadron with a long range surveillance troop, a signals company and a support company.

Battlefield Surveillance Brigades
Name Insignia Subordinate to Garrison
201st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Company
  • 3rd Squadron, 38th Cavalry Regiment
  • 109th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 502nd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 63rd Network Support Signal Company
  • 602nd Brigade Support Company
201BfSBSSI.jpg
I Corps
Fort Lewis
504th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Company
  • 2nd Squadron, 38th Cavalry Regiment
  • 163rd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 303rd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 268th Network Support Signal Company
  • 509th Brigade Support Company
504thMIBrigade.svg
III Corps
Fort Hood
525th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade 525 BfSB.png
XVIII Corps
Fort Bragg
58th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Company
  • 1st Squadron, 158th Cavalry Regiment
  • 325th Military Intelligence Battalion (U.S. Army Reserve)
  • 629th Network Support Signal Company
  • 729th Brigade Support Company
58th Infantry Brigade SSI.svg Maryland Army National Guard Maryland
67th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 1st Squadron, 134th Cavalry Regiment
  • 250th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 234th Network Support Signal Company
  • 1167th Brigade Support Company
67th Infantry Brigade SSI.svg Nebraska Army National Guard Nebraska
71st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 3rd Squadron, 124th Cavalry Regiment
  • 636th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 236th Network Support Signal Company
  • 112th Brigade Support Company
71st BfSB SSI.jpg Texas Army National Guard Texas
142nd Battlefield Surveillance Brigade[10]
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 1st Squadron, 131st Cavalry Regiment
  • 321st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 67th Network Support Signal Company
  • 31st Brigade Support Company
142 BfSB SSI.jpg Alabama Army National Guard Alabama
219th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 2nd Squadron, 152d Cavalry Regiment
  • 378th Military Intelligence Battalion (U.S. Army Reserve)
  • Detachment, 165th Quartermaster Company
  • 438th Network Support Signal Company
  • 2219th Brigade Support Company
219BattlefieldSurvBdeSSI.svg Indiana Army National Guard Indiana
297th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 1st Squadron, 297th Cavalry Regiment
  • 373rd Military Intelligence Battalion (U.S. Army Reserve)
  • 297th Network Support Signal Company
  • 207th Brigade Support Company
297th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade.png Alaska Army National Guard Alaska
560th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade 560th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade.jpg Georgia Army National Guard Georgia

Major Military Intelligence Brigades/Units[edit]

Military Intelligence Brigades
Name Insignia Supports Garrison
66th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 1st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 2nd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 24th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 709th Military Intelligence Battalion
66MIBdeSSI.gif United States Army Europe Wiesbaden Army Airfield, (Germany)
111th Military Intelligence Brigade 111th MI BDE.png United States Army Intelligence Center of Excellence Fort Huachuca
300th Military Intelligence Brigade (Army National Guard)
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company (Utah)
  • 141st Military Intelligence Battalion (Utah)
  • 142nd Military Intelligence Battalion (Utah)
  • 223rd Military Intelligence Battalion (California)
  • 260th Military Intelligence Battalion (Florida)
  • 341st Military Intelligence Battalion (Washington)
  • 415th Military Intelligence Battalion (Louisiana)
300MIBdeSSI.gif INSCOM Draper, Utah
470th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 14th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 201st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 204th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 206th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 306th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 314th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 338th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 377th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 401st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 717th Military Intelligence Battalion
470 MI BDE SSI.jpg United States Army South Fort Sam Houston
500th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 15th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 205th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 301st Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
  • 441st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 715th Military Intelligence Battalion
500MIBdeSSI.jpg United States Army Pacific Schofield Barracks
501st Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 3rd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 524th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 532rd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 719th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 368th Military Intelligence Battalion
501 MI BDE SSI.gif Eighth United States Army Yongsan Garrison, (South Korea)
513th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 202nd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 224th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 297th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 345th Military Intelligence Battalion (Army Reserve)
513 mi bde patch.svg United States Army Central Fort Gordon
650th Military Intelligence Group[11][12] 650th MI Group.png Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe Mons, Belgium
704th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 741st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 742nd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 743rd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 744th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • United States Army Technical Support Activity
704MIBdeSSI.jpg National Security Agency Fort George G. Meade
706th Military Intelligence Group
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 707th Military Intelligence Battalion
Inscom.png Central Security Service Fort Gordon
780th Military Intelligence Brigade
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Company
  • 781st Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 782nd Military Intelligence Battalion
Inscom.png United States Army Cyber Command Fort George G. Meade
902d Military Intelligence Group
  • Headquarters & Headquarters Detachment
  • 308th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 310th Military Intelligence Battalion
  • Army Foreign Counterintelligence Activity
902 MI Group SSI.jpg INSCOM Fort George G. Meade
National Ground Intelligence Center Inscom.png INSCOM Charlottesville, Virginia

Creed of the Military Intelligence Corps[edit]

I am a Soldier first, but an intelligence professional second to none.
With pride in my heritage, but focused on the future,
Performing the first task of an Army:
To find, know, and never lose the enemy.
With a sense of urgency and of tenacity, professional and physical fitness,
and above all, INTEGRITY, for in truth lies victory.
Always at silent war, while ready for a shooting war,
The silent warrior of the ARMY team.[citation needed]

Museum[edit]

The United States Army Intelligence Museum is located at Fort Huachuca, Arizona. It features the history of American military intelligence from the Revolutionary War to present.

Military Intelligence Hall of Fame[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Intelligence Community Official Website[dead link]
  2. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/additional-publications/civil-war/Intel_in_the_CW1.pdf
  3. ^ The FBI: A Comprehensive Reference Guide. Google Books. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  4. ^ untitled
  5. ^ "index2". Hrc.army.mil. 28 October 2009. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  6. ^ Military Intelligence by John Patrick Finnegan, Center of Military History, United States Army, Washington, D. C., 1998 accessed 18 February 2008
  7. ^ "Military Intelligence Corps". Branchorientation.com. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  8. ^ Welcome To the Intelligence Center Online Network
  9. ^ "Army's New Battlefield Surveillance Brigades Ramping Up". Defense Daily. 2009. 
  10. ^ 142nd BFSD Overview, by MAJ Ethan Allen, dated 28 July 2011, accessed 3 July 2012
  11. ^ AR 381–10, U.S. Army Intelligence Activities, Department of the Army, dated 3 May 2007, last accessed 7 July 2012
  12. ^ FM 34-37; Strategic, Departmental, and Operational IEW Operations; Chapter 9, 650TH Military Intelligence Group, last accessed 7 July 2012

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]