Military Intelligence (Pakistan)

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Military Intelligence of Pakistan
Flag of the Pakistani Army.svg
Military Intelligence of Pakistan
Active 1948
Country Pakistan
Branch Pakistan Army
Type Intelligence
Garrison/HQ GHQ, Rawalpindi
Director General Major General Sarfraz sattar

The Directorate for Military Intelligence, known as "Military Intelligence" and its acronym "MI", is the intelligence arm of the Pakistan Army. It is headquartered in Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Unlike the ISI, the MI is composed of all uniformed officers who are tasked with gathering the offensive counter-insurgence intelligence, identifying and eliminating sleeper cells, foreign agents and other anti Pakistan elements within Pakistan, and investigation of military espionage.[1]

Historical overview[edit]

The agency was created by Major-General Robert Cawthom, who also served its first director. Major-General Cawthom later established the ISI directorate in 1950s. Prior to the successful imposition of coup d'état in 1958 against the government of President Major-General (retired) Iskander Mirza, the Military Intelligence's director-general Major-General Syed Shahid Hamid reported to the then-Commander-in-Chief (Chief of Army Staff) Field Marshal Ayub Khan.[1] The M.I. reported that the Martial Law was promulgated in entire country, both East-Pakistan and West-Pakistan.[1]

In the 1980s, Military Intelligence activities include operations in Sindh against the Pakistan Communist Party (CPP) and Indian intelligence operatives.[1] Along with ISI, the M.I. is accused of alleged murder of Pakistani communist leader Nazeer Abbasi.[1]

The Military Intelligence was also active during the Kargil debacle where Major-General Jamshed Gulzar Kayani had led the series of military intelligence operations. However, the M.I. staged another coup d'état against the democratically elected government of Prime minister Nawaz Sharif. The M.I. played a significant and integral role in bringing General Pervez Musharraf, Chief of Army Staff of Pakistan Army and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, in political power.


The MI works in coordination with Air Intelligence (AI) of Air Force, Naval Intelligence (NI) (Navy). The M.I. is part of the Army and reports to DGMI. And, all the appointed officers and personal are from the Army. Pakistan's Military Intelligence (MI) is one of the five main intelligence services in Pakistan. MI is tasked with spying Military capabilities of adversary, counterespionage operations, identifying and eliminating sleeper cells, foreign agents and other anti-Pakistani elements within the Pakistan Army.[2] The M.I. is currently headed by Army's two-star general, Major-General Sarfraz Sattar.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d e (2000). "Military Intelligence". Global Global Retrieved 2011. 
  2. ^ a b

See also[edit]