Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State
|State Police of Rio de Janeiro
Polícia Militar do Estado do Rio de Janeiro
|Blazon of the Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State|
|Old badge of the Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State|
|Motto||To serve and protect
Servir e proteger
|Formed||May 13, 1809|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Operations jurisdiction*||State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil|
|Map of police jurisdiction.|
|Size||43.696,054 km² (16,871.1 sp mi)|
|Headquarters||City of Rio de Janeiro|
|* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.|
The Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State (Portuguese: Polícia Militar do Estado do Rio de Janeiro) (PMERJ) like other military polices in Brazil is a reserve and ancillary force of the Brazilian Army, and part of the System of Public Security and Brazilian Social Protection. Its members are called "State Military" person.
The first militarized police in Portugal (when Brazil was still a colony) was the Royal Police Guard of Lisbon (Portuguese: Guarda Real de Polícia de Lisboa), established in 1801, which followed the model of the National Gendarmerie (French: Gendarmerie Nationale) of France, created in 1791.
When the Portuguese Royal Family was transferred to Brazil, the Royal Police Guard of Lisbon remained in Portugal, and another equivalent guard was created in Rio de Janeiro under the name of Military Division of the Royal Guard Police of Rio de Janeiro, in 1809.
With the abdication of Emperor Pedro I in 1831, the Regency held reformulations on the Brazilian Armed Forces. The Royal Guard Police of Rio de Janeiro became extinct, and was replaced by the Municipal Guard Corps of Volunteers, a type of security force similar to the National Guard. The same law allowed each Province to establish its own Guard of Volunteers.
In 1834, Pedro I died in Portugal and this reduced the fear in Brazil of a reunification of the kingdoms. The Guard of Volunteers were then transformed into Province Police Corps, with professional troops. The Police Corps were created with the same structure as the Army, and to serve as reserve troops when necessary, under provinces presidents' control. In 1835, the president of Rio de Janeiro province created the "Rio de Janeiro Province Police Corp" (Guarda Policial da Província do Rio de Janeiro).
With the Proclamation of the Republic, Brazil adopted a constitution based on the United States, where the states have a large autonomy. The Corps of Police began to be administered by the states and became smaller regional armies, with infantry, cavalry, artillery, and later, even with air forces. This dangerous situation to the national security remained until the rise of Getúlio Vargas dictatorial government in 1930s, when he abolished states autonomy, and the Brazilian army began its control over states military polices and firefighters corps.
The PMERJ is operationally organized into Intermediary Commands or Policing Area Command (Portuguese: Comandos Intermediários/Comandos de Policiamento de Área), Military Police Battalions, companies, and platoons; and administratively, in departments.
The battalions are based in major urban centers, and their companies and platoons are distributed according to population density in cities.
The Military Police of Rio de Janeiro is present in all cities of the State.
Commands and Battalions of Military Police
These are the Policing Area Commands and their respective battalions. Cities and neighborhoods indicate the location of their headquarters.
- 1st Policing Area Command – city of Rio de Janeiro
- 1st Battalion – Estácio
- 2nd Battalion – Botafogo
- 3rd Battalion – Méier
- 4th Battalion – São Cristovão
- 5th Battalion – Saúde
- 6th Battalion – Tijuca
- 13th Battalion – Downtown
- 16th Battalion – Olaria
- 17th Battalion – Ilha do Governador
- 19th Battalion – Copacabana
- 22nd Battalion – Maré
- 23rd Battalion – Leblon
- 1st Independent Company (Governor's Palace Guard) – Laranjeiras
- 2nd Policing Area Command – city of Rio de Janeiro
- 9th Battalion – Rocha Miranda
- 14th Battalion – Bangu
- 18th Battalion – Jacarepaguá
- 27th Battalion – Santa Cruz
- 31st Battalion – Barra da Tijuca
- 40th Battalion – Campo Grande
- 41st Battalion – Irajá
- 3rd Policing Area Command – city of Mesquita
- 4th Policing Area Command – city of Niterói
- 5th Policing Area Command – city of Volta Redonda
- 6th Policing Area Command – city of Campos dos Goytacazes
- 7th Policing Area Command – city of Petrópolis
- Mounted Police Regiment;
- 2 Highway Patrol Battalions;
- 5 Environmental Protection Units;
- Riot Control Battalion;
- Special Police Operations Battalion.
- Police Operations with Dogs Battalion (K-9 Unit)
- Railway Police Groupment;
- Airmobile Groupment;
- Maritime Groupment.
- Department of Education:
- Department of Logistic Support.
- Department of Personnel.
- Department of Finance.
- Department of Intelligence.
- Department of Social Assistance (welfare).
- Social Communication Center
- Communications and Informatic Center.
- Department of Health:
|Heckler & Koch PSG1||Sniper Rifle||Germany||special operations|
|IMBEL MD2||Rifle||Brazil||special operations|
|Remington Model 1100||Shotgun||USA||riot control|
|Mossberg 500||shotgun||USA||riot control|
|TAURUS FAMAE in .40||submachine||Chile/ Brazil||Standard|
|Taurus PT 24/7||Pistol||Brazil||Standard|
|Taurus Model 605||Revolver||Brazil||Standard|
|Taser Pistol||Non-lethal weapon||Brazil||Standard|
|Smoke grenade||Non-lethal weapon||Brazil||riot control and special operations|
|Riot gun||Non-lethal weapon||Brazil||riot control and special operations|
|Gol G5||Volkswagen||Patrol car||Being retired. Patrol rural|
|Logan||Renault||Patrol car||Vehicle standard|
|Blazer||Chevrolet||Response car||Vehicle standard|
|Hilux SW4||Toyota Motor||Response car / Dog unit Car (K9)||Special police|
|Frontier D40||Nissan||Multi-purpose car||Special police/ Highway patrol|
|Amarok||Volkswagen||Multi-purpose car||Riot police car|
|Master||Renault||Van||Riot police car|
|Ducato||Fiat||Mobile station||Vehicle standard|
|XT660||Yamaha Motor Company||Patrol motorcycle||Standard|
|CB600||Honda||Patrol motorcycle||Riot police|
|Ford Cargo 815||Ford Motor Company||Armored vehicle||Vehicle war on drugs|
|VW Cargo 1722||Volkswagen||Armored vehicle||Vehicle war on drugs|
|Maverick||Paramount Group||Armored vehicle||Special operations|
|Volkswagen Constellation||Volkswagen||Riot truck||Special operations/Water cannon|
|Schweizer 300||Training||Schweizer 300 CBi||01|
|Eurocopter AS350||Patrol helicopter||AS-350B3||05|
|Bell Huey II||Special operations||Huey II||01|
|Piper PA-34 Seneca||Personal transport||PA-34||02|
|Beechcraft Baron||Personal transport||Baron 58||01|
Ranks and insignia
or Student Officer
|Private "A Class"|
|Private "B Class"
or Student Private
All rank insignia are worn on the epaulettes of the shirt, except for sergeants, corporal and soldiers, which are worn on each sleeve, below the institutional patch.
Campaigns against crime
Military police operation in Complexo do Alemão (November 2010)
- Rio de Janeiro State
- Civil Police of Rio de Janeiro State
- Military Police of Brazil
- Batalhão de Operações Policiais Especiais (BOPE)
- Brazilian Federal Police
- National Force of Public Safety
- Federal Highway Police
- Brazilian Civil Police
- Article 144 of Constitution of Brazil.
- Article 42 of Constitution of Brazil.
- Decree of December 10, 1801.
- Decree of May 13, 1809.
- Law of July 17, 1831.
- Law of October 10, 1931.
- Constitutional Reform of 1834, Article 15, § 11.
- Ordinance of the Ministry of the Army 340, October 4, 1971.
- Decree 3,568, March 02, 2001.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Police of Rio de Janeiro.|
- Official website of Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State (in Portuguese)