Bolivarian Military University of Venezuela
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|Bolivarian Military University of Venezuela|
|Universidad Militar Bolivariana de Venezuela|
Logo of AMV.
|Established||3 September 1810|
|Former names||Militar Academia de Venezuela|
|Colours||Blue and White|
|Affiliations||Armed Forces of Venezuela|
The Bolivarian Military University of Venezuela (in Spanish Universidad Militar Bolivariana de Venezuela and formerly Militar Academia de Venezuela), was founded in 1810. It is located in Caracas, Venezuela and provides a four-year program of training for officer cadets. Notable graduates include former Venezuelan presidents Marcos Pérez Jiménez and Hugo Chávez.
Unlike most military academies it is a full multi-service academy system, similar to several military academies in the world. It is a system of 5 military colleges united into one, with two other newly opened colleges.
The academy system is composed of the following:
- Military Academy of the Bolivarian Army, Caracas
- Bolivarian Naval Academy, Caita del Mar
- Bolivarian Air Force Academy, Maracay
- National Guard Military Academy, Caracas
- Bolivarian Military Technical Academy, Maracay
- Military Health Sciences Academy, Caracas
- Troops Officers Training Center, Caracas
The Military University, opened to the public as the Military Academy of Venezuela on September 2, 1810, and upgraded to university status 200 years later, is Latin America's oldest military educational institution, training young men and women to become part of the officer corps of the National Armed Forces of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Its ground forces component, the Army Academy, is in fact the oldest component as with founding dated as mentioned above, and the Naval Academy, opened on April 11, 1811 in Catia del Mar, is the 2nd oldest, serving officer cadets of the Navy. Classes ended with the fall of the First Republic of Venezuela, and thus all military officer training took place in the outdoors or, in the case of the Navy, aboard ships as per the British practice of the time.
Only with the creation of the Military School as part of the Central University of Venezuela did all formal training resume, albelt only for engineering and artillery officer cadets. It stood down in 1879, years after the Federal War ended.
Only in 1910, as part of the celebrations of its centennial year, did the academy reopen its doors, by order of President Juan Vicente Gómez, with campus at the Montana Barracks in Caracas. Two years later the Naval Academy was reestablished in an old lighthouse in Catia del Mar. The Air Force Academy was created in Maracay in 1920 and the National Guard Academy in 1936, with its current form dating from 1947. The Military Technical Academy, opened in 2007, is the youngest, but traces its roots to the Armed Forces Basic School founded in the 1950s.
Symbols of the BMUV and the MAV
The Regimental Colors of the BMUV and the MAV (now the BMAA) were adopted in 1935. It is divided into two triangles, white and blue. On the BMAA color, on the center is the Academy Coat of Arms, made up of a shield with three tilted vertical stripes in the colors of the Flag of Venezuela inside and four small shields representing the four basic arms of the Army (Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineering) at the corners. The shield is topped by a torch and surrounded by a green laurel wreath. The name of the academy surrounds the coat of arms. In the case of the BMUV color, the coat of arms is a large oblong(with the university name and dates of founding surrounding it) with crossed flags and weapons, with the national coat of arms and a scroll at the center, and books below the crossed flags and weapons.
- Minister of the People's Power for Defense
- Sitio oficial del Ejército Libertador
- Preguntas frecuentes para ingresar a la Academia Militar de Venezuela
- "Institutos de Pregrado". http://www.umbv.edu.ve/index.php/component/content/article?layout=edit&id=79. Ministerio de Poder Popular para La Defensa. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
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