Military awards and decorations of Ireland

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Though Ireland has no formal honours system, there are systems of awards run by the state.[1] Among those systems is the system of awards and medals awarded to members of the Defence Forces.[2]

In addition to the medals issued by the Irish government, members of the Defence Forces are also allowed to wear medals denoting overseas service. These medals are issued by International organisations like the United Nations, NATO, and the European Union as well as medals from other countries for United Nations Mandated peacekeeping missions.

Defence Forces medals[edit]

Emblem Description Established Eligibility Period Remarks
See below Military Medal for Gallantry
(Irish: An Bonn Míleata Calmachta)
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text.  Military Medal for Gallantry with Honour
 (Irish: An Bonn Míleata Calmachta le hOnóir)
1944 1944–present Known until January 1984 as Military Medal for Gallantry (1st Class). As of 2010, no medal of this class has yet been awarded.[3]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text.  Military Medal for Gallantry with Distinction
 (Irish: An Bonn Míleata Calmachta le Dearscnacht)
1944 1944–present Known until January 1984 as Military Medal for Gallantry (2nd Class). Six medals of this class have been awarded since its creation.[4]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text.  Military Medal for Gallantry with Merit
 (Irish: An Bonn Míleata Calmachta le Tuillteanas)
1944 1944–present Known until January 1984 as Military Medal for Gallantry (3rd Class). Two medals of this class have been awarded since its creation.[5]
See below Distinguished Service Medal
(Irish: An Bonn Seirbhíse Dearscna)
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text.  Distinguished Service Medal with Honour
 (Irish: An Bonn Seirbhíse Dearscna le hOnóir)
18 Feb 1964 18 Feb 1964–present Known until January 1984 as Distinguished Service Medal (1st Class).[6]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text.  Distinguished Service Medal with Distinction
 (Irish: An Bonn Seirbhíse Dearscna le Dearscnacht)
18 Feb 1964 18 Feb 1964–present Known until January 1984 as Distinguished Service Medal (2nd Class).[7]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text.  Distinguished Service Medal with Merit
 (Irish: An Bonn Seirbhíse Dearscna le Tuillteanas)
18 Feb 1964 18 Feb 1964–present Known until January 1984 as Distinguished Service Medal (3rd Class).[8]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. Good Conduct Medal
(Irish: An Bonn Dea-Iompair)
16 Sep 1987 – 30 Jan 1990 No longer awarded.[9]
See below Service Medal
(Irish: An Bonn Seirbhíse)
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text.   Service Medal
  (Irish: An Bonn Seirbhíse)
-present Awarded to privates and NCOs after 10 years' service.[10]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text.   Service Medal
  (Irish: An Bonn Seirbhíse)
-present Awarded to privates and NCOs after 15 years' service in exchange for their previous medal. Awarded to commissioned officers after 15 years' service; officers receive a bar after 20 years' service.[11]
See below Service Medal FCÁ and SM
(Irish: An Bonn Seirbhíse FCÁ agus SM)
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text.   Service Medal FCÁ and SM
  (Irish: An Bonn Seirbhíse FCÁ agus SM)
Jun 1961 Jun 1961– Awarded to privates and NCOs after 10 years' service.[12]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text.   Service Medal FCÁ and SM
  (Irish: An Bonn Seirbhíse FCÁ agus SM)
Jun 1961 Jun 1961– Awarded to privates and NCOs after 15 years' service in exchange for their previous medal. Awarded to commissioned officers after 15 years' service; officers receive a bar after 20 years' service.[13]
See below Emergency Service Medal
(Irish: An Bonn Seirbhíse Éigeandála)
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text.   Emergency Service Medal
 (Irish: An Bonn Seirbhíse Éigeandála)
Oct 1944 3 Sep 1939 – 31 Mar 1946 Awarded to members of the Permanent Defence Force, the Slua Muirí, the Fórsa Cosanta Áitiúil, Fórsa na nÓglach, 26 Infantry Batallion, the Army Nursing Service, and the Defence Forces Chaplaincy Service.[14]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text.   Emergency Service Medal
 (Irish: An Bonn Seirbhíse Éigeandála)
Oct 1944 3 Sep 1939 – 31 Mar 1946 Awarded to members of the Local Security Force, the First Aid Division and Volunteer Aid Section of the Irish Red Cross Society, and the Air Raid Precautions Organisation.[15]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Peacekeepers Medal
(Irish: Bonn Chosantóirí Síochána na Náisiún Aontaithe)
1989 [16]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. Military Star
(Irish: An Réalt Míleata)
28 Jun 1958–present [17]

Notes:

  • The Distinguished Service Medal (An Bonn Seirbhíse Dearscna) is the second highest award of the Defence Forces. It is awarded for individual acts of bravery, courage, leadership, resource or devotion to duty while serving with the Defence Forces, but below the level meriting award of the Military Medal for Gallantry. Established in 1964, it is awarded in three classes with Honour, with Distinction, or with Merit.[18]
  • The Good Conduct Medal (An Bonn Dea-Iompair) was an award presented to non-commissioned officers and privates. Awarded between 16 September 1987 and 30 January 1990, it recognised individual meritorious service and exemplary conduct.[19]
  • The Service Medal (An Bonn Seirbhíse) is awarded to non-commissioned officers and privates after 10 years of service and after 15 years of service to officers. At 15 years of service non-commissioned officers are awarded the medal with the same ribbon as officers with a medal bar. At 20 years, officers are awarded a bar to the medal as well.[20]
  • The Service Medal (LDF and NSR) (An Bonn Seirbhíse (FCÁ agus SM)) is awarded to those members of the Local Defence Force or the Naval Service Reserve who complete at least seven years of service. At 12 years the medal is awarded with a different ribbon and a medal bar, while at 21 years a second bar with 21 inscribed in its centre was awarded.[21]
  • The Emergency Service Medal (An Bonn Seirbhíse Éigeandála) was established in 1944 to recognise service during The Emergency. The medal was awarded for at least 365 days of either continuous or cumulative service between 3 September 1939 and 31 March 1946. Awarded with two different types of ribbons, it recognised 11 groups for service during The Emergency, with the reverse of the medal indicating the group under which the recipient served.[22]
  • The United Nations Peacekeepers Medal (An Bonn Chosantóirí Síochána na Náisiún Aontaithe) is awarded to those members of the Defence Forces who have served overseas on a United Nation Mission or United Nations Mandated Mission. Created in 1989, no more than one medal my be awarded to any person.[23]
  • The Military Star (An Réalt Míleata) can be awarded posthumously to those members of the Permanent Defence Forces who are killed or fatally wounded by direct result of hostile action or an act perpetrated by an enemy, opposing armed force, hostile belligerent or other party, involving the use of firepower or other lethal weapon. Qualifying service is outside of Ireland on military duty overseas.[24]

United Nations medals[edit]

Emblem Description Qualifying Period Eligibility Period Remarks
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNTSO 180 days [25]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNMOGIP 180 days [26]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNOGIL 180 days Same pattern as the medal for UNTSO .[27]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for ONUC 90 days Original version was of the same pattern as the medal for UNTSO, with the addition of a clasp reading "CONGO". A distinctive design was introduced in 1963.[28]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNTEA 180 days [29]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNFICYP 90 days [30]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNIPOM 180 days Same pattern as the medal for UNMOGIP.[31]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNEF II 90 days [32]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNDOF 90 days [33]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNIFIL 90 days [34]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNHQ 90 days For service on secondment to UN Headquarters in New York.[35]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNIIMOG 90 days [36]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNTAG 90 days [37]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for ONUCA 90 days [38]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNAVEM 90 days [39]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Special Service Medal 90 days Awarded to Irish personnel for service in:
UNSCOM[40]
UNSMA[41]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for MINURSO 90 days [42]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNIKOM 90 days [43]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNAMIC 90 days [44]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for ONUSAL 90 days [45]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNTAC 90 days [46]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNPROFOR 90 days [47]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNOSOM 90 days [48]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNMIH 90 days [49]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNAMIR 90 days Awarded to members of the Irish-Rwandan support group (Irish soldiers were not deployed as part of UNAMIR).[50]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNPREDEP 90 days [51]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNMOP 90 days [52]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNTAES 90 days [53]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNMIK 90 days [54]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNAMET/UNTAET/UNMISET 90 days [55]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for MONUC 90 days [56]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNMEE 90 days [57]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for UNMIL 90 days [58]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for MINUCI/ONUCI 90 days [59]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for MINURCAT II 90 days [60]
Ribbon bar image; refer to adjacent text. United Nations Medal for MONUSCO 90 days

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Oireachtas Committee, p. 10
  2. ^ "Oireachtas Committee, p. 29
  3. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 11
  4. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 12
  5. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 13
  6. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 15
  7. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 16
  8. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 17
  9. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 18
  10. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 19-20
  11. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 19-20
  12. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 21-22
  13. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 21-22
  14. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 23
  15. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 23
  16. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 23
  17. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 23
  18. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 14
  19. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 18
  20. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, pp. 19–20
  21. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 21
  22. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 23
  23. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 25
  24. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 26
  25. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 30
  26. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 31
  27. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 32
  28. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 33
  29. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 34
  30. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 35
  31. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 36
  32. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 37
  33. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 38
  34. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 39
  35. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 40
  36. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 41
  37. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 42
  38. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 43
  39. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 44
  40. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 45
  41. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 53
  42. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 46
  43. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 47
  44. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 48
  45. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 49
  46. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 50
  47. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 51
  48. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 52
  49. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 54
  50. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 55
  51. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 56
  52. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 57
  53. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 58
  54. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 59
  55. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 60
  56. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 61
  57. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 62
  58. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 63
  59. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 64
  60. ^ Medals of the Irish Defence Forces, p. 64

External links[edit]