Military career of Napoleon Bonaparte
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2014)|
Napoleon at the Bridge of the Arcole, by Baron Antoine-Jean Gros, (ca. 1801), Louvre, Paris
|Nickname(s)||General Vendémiaire, The Little Corporal, Napoleon the Great|
August 15, 1769|
|Died||5 May 1821
Longwood, St. Helena
|Service/branch||Trained as an artillerist|
|Years of service||1779 - 1815|
|Commands held||Army of Italy
Army of the Orient
|Awards||Grand Master of the Legion of Honour
Grand Master of the Order of the Reunion
Grand Master of the Order of the Iron Crown
Grand Master of the Order of the Three Golden Fleeces
|Relations||House of Bonaparte|
|Other work||Sovereign of Elba, Writer|
The military career of Napoleon Bonaparte spanned over 20 years. As emperor, he led the French Armies in the Napoleonic Wars. He is widely regarded as a military genius and one of the best commanders in world history. He fought sixty battles, losing only nine.
December 15 - Napoleon leaves Corsica for mainland France.
January 1 - Napoleon enters religious school at Autun.
May 15 - Napoleon enters cadet school at Brienne-le-Château.
September 1 - Napoleon graduates from École Militaire and is commissioned as 2nd Lieutenant of Artillery.
September 1 - Napoleon goes to Corsica on long furlough until June 1788.
June - Napoleon rejoins his regiment at Auxonne, attached to School of Artillery.
September 15 - Napoleon goes on second leave to Corsica, becomes involved in revolutionary activities and attempts to gain favour with Pasquale Paoli.
February 10 - Napoleon returns from Corsica to regimental duty at Auxonne.
April 1 - Napoleon promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
September 1 - Napoleon's third furlough to Corsica.
February 6 - Napoleon promoted to Captain (antedated).
April 1 - Napoleon is elected Lieutenant Colonel, 2nd Battalion, Corsican Volunteers. Is implicated in a riot in Ajaccio.
May 28 - Napoleon returns to Paris, instead of rejoining his regiment.
September 15 - Napoleon escorts his sister, Elisa, back to Corsica.
March 3 - Napoleon breaks with Paoli, blaming the failed landing on him.
June 13 - Napoleon and his family arrive in Toulon, having been banished from Corsica by Paoli.
August 27 - Toulon handed over to the British by Royalists.
September 16 - Napoleon given command of artillery besieging Toulon.
October 18 - Napoleon promoted to Major.
December 17–19 - Successful recapture of Toulon from British and Royalists.
December 22 - Napoleon promoted to Brigadier General.
- Siege of Toulon (1793)
- 13 Vendémiaire (1795)
- Montenotte (1796)
- Second Dego (1796)
- Mondovì (1796)
- Lodi (1796)
- Lonato (1796)
- Castiglione (1796)
- Bassano (1796)
- Rovereto (1796)
- Bridge of Arcole (1796)
- Rivoli (1797)
- Mantua (1796-1797)
- Chobrakit (1798)
- Pyramids (1798)
- El Arish (1799)
- Jaffa (1799)
- Mount Tabor (1799)
- Abukir (1799)
- Marengo (1800)
- Ulm (1805)
- Austerlitz (1805)
- Jena-Auerstedt (1806)
- Poland Uprising (1806)
- Eylau (1807)
- Friedland (1807)
- Somosierra (1808)
- Teugn-Hausen (1809)
- Abensberg (1809)
- Landshut (1809)
- Eckmühl (1809)
- Wagram (1809)
- Smolensk (1812)
- Borodino (1812)
- Berezina (1812)
- Lützen (1813)
- Bautzen (1813)
- Dresden (1813)
- Hanau (1813)
- Brienne (1814)
- Champaubert (1814)
- Montmirail (1814)
- Château-Thierry (1814)
- Vauchamps (1814)
- Mormans (1814)
- Montereau (1814)
- Craonne (1814)
- Reims (1814)
- Saint-Dizier (1814)
- Ligny (1815)
- Caldiero (1796)
- Second Bassano (1796)
- Acre (1799)
- Aspern-Essling (1809)
- Berezina (1812) (Heavy casualty but strategic victory)
- Krasnoi (1812)
- Leipzig (1813)
- La Rothière (1814)
- Laon (1814)
- Waterloo (1815)
After his final defeat at Waterloo, Napoleon was exiled to the British island of St. Helena in the South Atlantic. It was there that he lived the remainder of his life and wrote the memoirs of his life and career.