Military of Burundi

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National Defence Force
Flag of Burundi.svg
Service branches Army
Gendarmerie
Leadership
Commander-in-Chief Pres. Pierre Nkurunziza
Minister of National Defense & War Veterans Maj. General Pontien Gaciyubwenge
Manpower
Active personnel 20,000 Army personnel
30,000 paramilitary[1]
Expenditures
Percent of GDP 3.7% (2011)[1]

The National Defence Force is the state military organisation responsible for the defence of Burundi. A general staff (Etat-Major Général) commands the armed forces, consisting of a joint staff (Etat-Major inter-armes); a training staff (Etat-Major de la Formation), and a logistics staff (Etat-Major de la Logistique). Naval and aviation commands exist, as well as specialised units.[2]

Use of Child Soldiers[edit]

According to the 2004 report by Child Soldiers International Burundi military forces made use of conscripted child soldiers. Children in military service where also subjected to military courts which fell short of international law. [3]


The armed forces have deployed significant numbers of troops to the African Union Mission in Somalia since c. 2007.

Units include:[citation needed]

  • 22nd commando battalion (Gitega)
  • 124th commando battalion (Bujumbura)

Equipment[edit]

Burundi troops of the Central African Multinational Force in the Central African Republic.
Mortar man with 1st Sapper Company, Burundi National Defense Force

Anti-tank weapons[edit]

Model Origin Type
RL-83 Blindicide[4] Belgium Rocket launcher
M20 Super Bazooka[4] United States Rocket launcher
MILAN (reported)[1] France/Germany Anti-tank Guided Missile
RPG 7[5] Soviet Union Rocket launcher

Vehicles[edit]

Model Type Origin Count
Panhard M3 Armored Personnel Carrier France 9[1]
GAZ BTR-80 Armored Personnel Carrier Russia 10[1]
Panhard AML-90 Armored Car France 12[1]
Panhard AML-60 Armored Car France 6[1]
BRDM-2 Reconnaissance Vehicle Soviet Union 30[1]
BTR-40 Armored Personnel Carrier Soviet Union 20[1]
Shorland S-52 Armored Car United Kingdom 7[1]
Walid Armored Personnel Carrier Egypt 6[1]
RG-31 Armored Personnel Carrier South Africa 12[1]
RG-31 Nyala Armored Personnel Carrier South Africa 31[1]

Artillery[edit]

Anti-aircraft weapons[edit]

Aircraft inventory[edit]

The Burundi Army's air unit operates 10 aircraft, including one combat aircraft and six helicopters (of which two are non-operational as at 2012).[4]

Aircraft Type Versions In service Notes
Aérospatiale SA 342 Gazelle utility helicopter SA 342L 2[4]
Mil Mi-8 Hip
utility helicopter
Mi-8
2[4] Both non-operational As of 2012[4]
Cessna 150 liaison 2[4]
Douglas DC-3 Transport 2[4]
Mil Mi-24 Hind Hind-E attack helicopter 2[4]
SIAI-Marachetti SF 260
trainer
SF-260P
1[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q IISS (2012), p. 424
  2. ^ "LOI N° 1/019 DU 31 DECEMBRE 2004 Portant Creation, Organisation, MISSIONS, COMPOSITION ET FONCTIONNEMENT DE LA FORCE DE DEFENSE NATIONALE". Grandslacs.net. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  3. ^ Child Soldiers International, "2004 Africa: Regional overview"
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n IISS (2012), p. 425
  5. ^ "Kateholt.com : Galleries". Kateholt.com. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 

References[edit]

  • International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) (2012). The Military Balance 2012. London: IISS. ISSN 0459-7222.