Kosovo Security Force
|Kosovo Security Force
Albanian: Forca e Sigurisë e Kosovës
Security Force Emblem
Security Force Flag
|Founded||January 21, 2009|
|Minister of the Kosovo Security Force||Agim Çeku|
|Chief of staff||Lt. Gen. Kadri Kastrati|
|818,716 , age 15–49|
|Percent of GDP||0.89% (2011)|
|Foreign suppliers|| Albania
|History||Kosovo Protection Corps|
|Ranks||Kosovo military ranks|
The Kosovo Security Force (Albanian: Forca e Sigurisë së Kosovës, KSF) is an emergency response force charged with conducting operations in Kosovo and abroad in the areas of Search and Rescue, Explosive Ordnance Disposal, Firefighting, and Hazardous Material Disposal. It is widely assumed that the KSF will take on an additional defense role after a governmental review of the organization in 2013. The Commander of the KSF is Lieutenant General Kadri Kastrati.
In March 2008, the NATO-led Kosovo Force (KFOR) and the Kosovo Protection Corps (KPC) started preparations for the formation of the Kosovo Security Force. According to guidance laid out in the Ahtisaari Plan, the security force is permitted to carry light weapons and the Government of Kosovo and the international community planned to bring the force in line with NATO standards. "The plan envisages that the security force be comprised of 2,500 active soldiers and 800 reservists at age 19-35." The admission and the training of personnel began in early June, when NATO experts arrived in Kosovo to guide the process. From early December 2008, enlisting began for the Kosovo Security Force. The age of candidates is 18–30 years old.
Following the Kosovo War in 1999, United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 placed Kosovo under the authority of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK), with security provided by the NATO-led Kosovo Force (KFOR). KFOR entered Kosovo on June 12, 1999 under a United Nations mandate, two days after the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 1244.
Kosovo declared independence in February 2008. On 19 March 2008, United States President George W. Bush authorised military aid to Kosovo Security Force in another step to establish formal relations with Kosovo.
On 4 January 2009, the names of those who were to be selected for the KSF from the KPC were announced. After being vetted by NATO, roughly 1,400 former members of the KPC were selected to serve as officers and rank and file members of the KSF.
On 21 January 2009, the Kosovo Security Force was officially launched. The KSF did not replace the Kosovo Protection Corps (KPC) which was disbanded several months later. KFOR was charged with mentoring the KSF and bringing the force to Full Operational Capability. As part of this effort, various nations that are part of KFOR have provided assistance to the force on a bilateral basis including uniforms which were supplied by the United States and vehicles which were donated by Germany. Mentoring efforts were meant to develop the KSF in line with NATO standards. Additionally Italy, Portugal and other NATO members are to help the KSF by donations and training. Slovenia donated €30,000 towards the establishment of the KSF.
In addition, NATO established a NATO Advisory Team (NAT) to mentor and advise the Ministry of the Kosovo Security Force in its oversight of force operations. The NAT was composed of uniform and civilian area experts from several NATO and non-NATO nations.
- Major-General Rrahman Rama – KSF Deputy Commander and Commander of Land Force Command
- Major-General Kadri Kastrati – Director of Operations
- Brigadier-General Bashkim Jashari – General Inspectorate of KSF
- Brigadier-General Nazmi Brahimaj – Commander of Rapid Reaction Brigade
- Brigadier-General Zymer Halimi – Chief of Operations and Training Department
- Brigadier –General Imri Ilazi – Commander of Operations Support Brigade
- Brigadier-General Enver Cikaqi – Commander of Training and Doctrine Command
In 2010, the KSF deployed to northern Albania on two separate occasions to perform flood relief operations in support of the Albanian domestic response.
On 22 November 2011, Lieutenant General Sylejman Selimi retired from the KSF and President Atifete Jahjaga appointed the former Director of Operations Major General Kadri Kastrati to succeed him as Commander of the force. President Jahjaga also promoted Kastrati to the rank of Lieutenant General.
Kosovan Armed Forces
On 5 March 2014, Prime Minister Hashim Thaqi declared that the Kosovan government had decided to establish a Defence Ministry and by 2019, officially transform Kosovo Security Forces into an Army which meets all the standards of NATO states with aim in joining the alliance in the future. The new Army will have a €65 Million annual budget and will be 5,000 strong with another 3,000 reservists, which will be composed of land forces, a national guard, logistics and training commands. Kosovo's ambassador to Turkey, Avni Spahiu, stated that the "decision to establish an army has been taken in consultation with NATO and our partners... [and] the army will have a defensive character as Kosovo has no territorial aspirations".
The Kosovo Security Force (KSF) is a new, professional, multi-ethnic, lightly armed and uniformed Security Force that is subject to democratic, civilian control. Its mission is to conduct crisis response operations in Kosovo and abroad; civil protection operations within Kosovo; and to assist the civil authorities in responding to natural disasters and other emergencies.
Such duties will include search and rescue operations; explosive ordnance disposal (de-mining and UXO removal); the control and clearance of hazardous materials; fire-fighting; and other humanitarian assistance tasks. The KSF will represent and protect all the people of Kosovo.
Ministry for the Kosovo Security Force: Mission Statement
The Ministry for the Kosovo Security Force (MKSF) is responsible for exercising civilian control over the Kosovo Security Force (KSF), including management and administration. It comprises a mixture of civilian and KSF personnel and is accountable, through the Prime Minister, to the Kosovo Assembly.
The mission of the MKSF, which is also the highest level KSF Headquarters, is to formulate, implement, evaluate and develop the policies and activities of the KSF within a framework of democratic governance and in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the Republic of Kosovo.
Military rank insignias
|rank||Lieutenant General||Major General||Brigadier General|
|rank||Colonel||Lieutenant Colonel||Major||Captain||First Lieutenant||Second Lieutenant|
|Non-Commissioned Officers||Enlisted Men|
|radhë||Rreshter i parë||Rreshter Major||Kapter||Rreshter||Tetar||Ushtar|
|rank||Sergeant Major||First Sergeant||Staff Sergeant||Sergeant||Corporal||Private|
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Weapons and equipment
- CIA World Factbook - Kosovo
- "Law on the Kosovo Security Force". 13 March 2008. p. 6.
- Ministry Budget 2011/Telegrafi.com
- Security forces to be formed in Kosovo, MRT.com, March 31, 2008.
- "Enlistment in Kosovo Armed Forces begins January in Gjilan" newkosovoareport.com 05 December 2008. Link accessed 21-01-09
- Bush OKs supplying arms to Kosovo, AFP, March 19, 2008.
- "Lt. Gen. Selimi appointed as Chief of Staff of KSF" newkosovoareport.com 20 December 2009. Link accessed 21-01-09
- "Kosovo's security force launched" news.bbc.co.uk 21 January 2009. Link Retrieved 21-01-09
- "Kosovo: Security or militarisation?" b92.net 21 January 2009. Link retrieved 21-01-09
- "Italy to support the establishment of Kosovo armed forces" newkosovoareport.com 24 December 2008. Link accessed 21-01-09
- "Portugal to assist the establishment of Kosovo Army" newkosovoareport.com 20 December 2008. Link accessed 21-01-09
- Ministry Press Release, 16 June 2009, Pristina
- "FSK nis zyrtarisht punën" (in Albanian). Pristina, Kosovo: Gazeta Express. September 18, 2009. Retrieved September 18, 2009.
- "Kosovo to create national army of 5,000 soldiers". Reuters. 4 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
- "Kosovo to Have Army by 2019". noinvite.com. 5 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
- "Kosovo to build its first national army". Euronews. 4 March 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- "Kosovo to form army 15 yrs after war, Serbia reacts". 11 March 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2014. Unknown parameter
- http://www.telegrafi.com/lajme/turqia-kosova-duhet-te-kete-ushtri-2-28950.html Turkey: Kosovo, Should have Military like every region state
- Ministry for the Kosovo Security Force
- PDF document of the Law of the Kosovo Security Force
- KSF Cleans terrain from mines