Military of the Arab League

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The Arab League as an Organization has no military force, like the UN or EU, but recently in the 2007 summit, the Leaders decided to reactivate their joint defense and establish a peacekeeping force to deploy in South Lebanon, Darfur, Iraq, Somalia, and other hot spots.

History[edit]

The military history of the Arab League is closely linked to the Arab-Israeli conflict. The 1950 Arab Joint Security Pact set out provisions for collective security among the Arab states, but only in 1961 was the Joint Arab Command (JAC) proposed as a unified military command for the Arab League first by the Joint Defence Council, an institution of the Arab League.

Before the JAC could take shape, a unanimous resolution was passed at the first Arab League summit (January 1964) establishing the United Arab Command (UAC), although the UAC's inactivity following the Samu Incident (1966) and during the Six-Day War (1967) signalled its de facto dissolution.

Arab Liberation Army[edit]

Arab Liberation Army emblem

The Arab Liberation Army (جيش الإنقاذ العربي Jaysh al-Inqadh al-Arabi), also translated as Arab Salvation Army, was an army of volunteers from Arab countries led by Fawzi al-Qawuqji. It fought on the Arab side in the 1948 Palestine war and was set up by the Arab League as a counter to the Arab High Committee's Holy War Army, though in fact the League and Arab governments prevented thousands from joining either force.[1]

At the meeting in Damascus on 5 February 1948 to organize Palestinian Field Commands, Northern Palestine including Samaria was allocated to Qawuqji's forces, although Samaria was de facto already under the control of Transjordan.[2]

The Arab League Military Committee, with headquarters in Damascus, was responsible for the movements and servicing of the Army. The Committee consisted of General Ismail Safwat (Iraq, Commander-in-Chief), General Taha al-Hashimi (Iraq), Colonel Shuqayri (Lebanon), Colonel Muhammed al-Hindi (Syria) and Colonel Abd al-Qadir al-Jundi (Transjordan).

The ALA was dissolved at the end of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War[3]

Current strength[edit]

Today, Egypt is considered the strongest military body in Africa and is ranked as having the 10th highest number of troops in the world. Saudi Arabia has recently started to enlarge its military department, with other Arab states of the Persian Gulf following, Morocco is maintaining a strong army in north Africa, along with Algeria and Libya. Syria, Jordan and Iraq's Armies have all grew relatively slower to other rich states.

N Country Military Service Age Military Manpower Availability Military Manpower Fit
_  Arab League 18 129,183,640 119,039,543
1  Algeria 19 15,959,400 13,301,364
2  Bahrain 18 353,860 286,860
3  Comoros 18 139,491 205,207
4  Djibouti 18 183,123 88,201
5  Egypt 18 20,772,105 18,479,612
6  Iraq 18 11,512,731 9,701,179
7  Jordan 17 2,920,637 2,506,087
8  Kuwait 18 1,331,865 1,142,499
9  Lebanon 18 1,998,636 1,687,532
10  Libya 18 2,934,827 2,522,448
11  Mauritania 18 1,214,418 754,782
12  Morocco 18 15,791,743 13,160,516
13  Oman 18 1,228,492 1,016,551
14  Palestine 18 N/A N/A
15  Libya 18 440,729 355,161
16  Saudi Arabia 18 13,066,921 11,252,056
17  Somalia 18 3,502,519 2,061,057
18  Sudan 18 16,427,378 11,077,040
19  Syria 18 8,479,752 6,875,446
20  Tunisia 18 4,848,103 4,036,188
21  United Arab Emirates 18 1,150,575 946,646
22  Yemen 18 7,926,335 5,583,111

List of Arab League member states by military expenditure[edit]

N Country Military expenditure
_  Arab League 53,399,070,000
1  Algeria 9,994,000,000
2  Bahrain 627,700,000
3  Comoros 12,870,000
4  Djibouti 29,050,000
5  Egypt 6,300,000,000
6  Iraq 17,900,000,000
7  Jordan 1,392,000,000
8  Kuwait 3,007,000,000
9  Lebanon 540,600,000
10  Libya 1,300,000,000
11  Mauritania 19,320,000
12  Morocco 2,306,000,000
13  Oman 252,990,000
14  Palestine N/A
15  Qatar 694,000,000
16  Saudi Arabia 31,500,000,000
17  Somalia N/A
18  Sudan 587,000,000
19  Syria 858,000,000
20  Tunisia 356,000,000
21  United Arab Emirates 1,600,000,000
22  Yemen 992,200,000

References[edit]

  1. ^ Levenberg, Haim (1993). Military Preparations of the Arab Community in Palestine: 1945–1948. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-7146-3439-5
  2. ^ Levenberg, Haim (1993). Military Preparations of the Arab Community in Palestine: 1945–1948. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-7146-3439-5
  3. ^ Levenberg, Haim (1993). Military Preparations of the Arab Community in Palestine: 1945–1948. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-7146-3439-5