Military ranks of Ukraine

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Armed Forces of Ukraine
Emblem of the Ukrainian Armed Forces.svg
Main branches
Emblem of the Ukrainian Air Force.svg Air Force
Emblem of the Ukrainian Ground Forces.svg Ground Forces
Emblem of the Ukrainian Navy.svg Navy
Other Corps
Ukr marines.jpg Naval Infantry
Ukr mechanized.jpg Mechanized Forces
Ukr airborne.jpg Airmobile Forces
Related Services
MoD symbol.jpg Ministry of Defence
General Staff UA.jpg General Staff
Эмблема МВД Украины.svg Ministry of Internal Affairs
NSAU Logo1.svg National Space Agency
Intelligence
Security Service of Ukraine.gif Security Service
SZRU logo.jpg Foreign Intelligence Service
Gerb gur ukraine.jpg Military Intelligence Service
History of the Ukrainian Military
History of Ukraine
History of Ukraine during WWII
History of Ukraine during WWI

The military ranks of Ukraine were created in March of 1992 after adopting the Law of Ukraine "About Universal Military Duty and Military Service". The rank structure corresponds the generic military rank structure of the Soviet Union. Ukrainian armed forces have two styles of ranks - army which is used by ground forces as well as aerial forces, and naval - the Ukrainian Navy.

Ukraine like the Russian Federation eliminated the descriptor "of Aviation" following the Air Force ranks. The rank of a serviceman of a Guards unit, formation or ship may be followed by the word “Guards.” The rank of a serviceman of the legal, medical or veterinary professions shall be followed by the words “of Justice,” “of the Medical service,” or “of the Veterinary service,” to their respective ranks. The rank of a citizen having reserve or retired status shall be followed by the words “Reserve” or “Retired,” respectively.[1]

Ukraine also added ranks the General of Army of Ukraine as well as Admiral of Ukrainian Navy.

Current Ranks[edit]

General ranks[edit]

Category Army rank
(Ground forces, Air Force)
Navy Rank
Shoulder Insignia Rank Name Shoulder Insignia Rank Name Sleeve Insignia
Superior Officers
Вищий офіцерський склад
UA-ARMY-GEN.jpg
General of Army of Ukraine
Генерал армії України
(Heneral armiyi Ukrayiny)
No equivalent
UA-COL-GEN.jpg
General-Polkovnik
Генерал-полковник
(Heneral-polkovnyk)
Ukraine Admiral shoulderboard.svg
Admiral
Адмірал
(Admiral)
UA-LT-GEN.jpg
General-Lieutenant
Генерал-лейтенант
(Heneral-leytenant)
Ukraine Vice Admiral shoulderboard.svg
Vice-Admiral
Віце-адмірал
(Vitse-admiral)
UA-MAJ-GEN.jpg
General-Major
Генерал-майор
(Heneral-mayor)
Ukraine Counter Admiral shoulderboard.svg
Counter-Admiral
Контр-адмірал
(Kontr-admiral)

Officer ranks[edit]

Category Army rank
(Ground forces, Air Force)
Navy Rank
Shoulder Insignia Rank Name Shoulder Insignia Rank Name Sleeve Insignia
Senior Officers
Старший офіцерський склад
UA-COL-GSB.jpg
Polkovnik (Colonel)
Полковник
(Polkovnyk)
UA-CPT1-NAV.jpg
Captain, 1st rank
Капітан 1-го рангу
(Kapitan 1-ho ranhu)
UA-LTCOL-GSB.jpg
Pidpolkovnik (Lieutenant Colonel)
Підполковник
(Pidpolkovnyk)
UA-CPT2-NAV.jpg
Captain, 2nd rank
Капітан 2-го рангу
(Kapitan 2-ho ranhu)
UA-MAJ-GSB.jpg
Major
Майор
(Mayor)
UA-CPT3-NAV.jpg
Captain, 3rd rank
Капітан 3-го рангу
(Kapitan 3-ho ranhu)
Junior Officers
Молодший офіцерський склад
UA-CPT-GSB.jpg
Captain
Капітан
(Kapitan)
UA-CLT-NAV.jpg
Captain-Lieutenant
Капітан-лейтенант
(Kapitan-leytenant)
UA-SLT-GSB.jpg
Senior Lieutenant
Старший лейтенант
(Starshiy leytenant)
UA-SLT-NAV.jpg
Senior Lieutenant
Старший лейтенант
(Starshiy leytenant)
UA-LT-GSB.jpg
Lieutenant
Лейтенант
(Leytenant)
UA-LT-NAV.jpg
Lieutenant
Лейтенант
(Leytenant)
UA-JLT-GSB.jpg
Junior Lieutenant
Молодший лейтенант
(Molodshiy leytenant)
UA-JLT-NAV.jpg
Junior Lieutenant
Молодший лейтенант
(Molodshiy leytenant)

Enlisted ranks[edit]

Category Army rank
(Ground forces, Air Force)
Navy Rank
Shoulder Insignia Rank Name Shoulder Insignia Rank Name Sleeve Insignia
Sergeants and Starshinas
Сержантсько-старшинський склад
UA-CWO-GSB.jpg
Senior Praporshchik (Sergeant major)
Старший прапорщик
(Starshiy praporshchyk)
Senior Midshipman
Старший мічман
(Starshiy michman)
no sleeve insignia
UA-WOF-GSB.jpg
Praporshchik (Master sergeant)
Прапорщик
(Praporshchyk)
Midshipman
Мічман
(Michman)
no sleeve insignia
UA-MSGT-GSB.jpg
Starshina (First sergeant)
Старшина
(Starshyna)
Chief Ship Starshina
Головний корабельний старшина
(Holovnyy korabel’nyy starshyna)
no sleeve insignia
UA-SSGT-GSB.jpg
Senior Sergeant (Sergeant first class)
Старший сержант
(Starshiy Serzhant)
Chief Starshina
Головний старшина
(Holovnyy starshyna)
no sleeve insignia
UA-SGT-GSB.jpg
Sergeant (Staff sergeant)
Сержант
(Serzhant)
Starshina, 1st class
Старшина 1-ої статті
(Starshyna 1-oyi statti)
no sleeve insignia
UA-JSGT-GSB.jpg
Junior Sergeant (Sergeant)
Молодший сержант
(Molodshiy serzhant)
Starshina, 2nd class
Старшина 2ої статті
(Starshyna 2-oyi statti)
no sleeve insignia
Privates
Рядовий склад
UA-PFC-GSB.jpg
Senior Soldier
Старший солдат
(Starshiy soldat)
Senior Matrose
Старший матрос
(Starshiy matros)
no sleeve insignia
UA-PVT-GSB.jpg
Soldier
Солдат
(Soldat)
Matrose
Матрос
(Matros)
no sleeve insignia

History of Ukrainian military ranks[edit]

The first half of the twentieth century[edit]

Category Ranks of the Army of the UNR Rank of the UGA, 1918 Ranks of the UIA (УПА) Rank of the
Ukrainian Soviet Army, 1919
Equivalent rank
(USA)
Collar
Insignia[2]
Army Rank, 1920 Naval Rank, 1918 Army Rank, 1944 Naval Rank, 1944
General Officers

Генеральна старшина
General Starshina
-
No equivalent
No equivalent
No equivalent
No equivalent
Admiral of the Fleet
Адмірал флоту
(Admiral flotu)
Commander of the Front
Комфронта
(Komfronta)
General of the Army
and
Fleet Admiral
Ukraine-army-collar-1917-1920 02.gif
Colonel General
Генерал-полковник
(Heneral-polkovnyk)
Admiral
Адмірал
(Admiral)
Centurion General
Генерал-сотник
(Heneral-sotnyk)
Colonel General
Генерал-полковник
(Heneral-polkovnyk)
Admiral
Адмірал
(Admiral)
Army Commander
Командарм
(Komandarm)
General
and
Admiral
Ukraine-army-collar-1917-1920 03.gif
Lieutenant General
Генерал-поручник
(Heneral-poruchyk)
Vice-Admiral
Віце-адмірал
(Vitse-admiral)
Lieutenant General
Генерал-поручник
(Heneral-poruchyk)
General-Major
Генерал-майор
(Heneral-mayor)
Vice-Admiral
Віце-адмірал
(Vitse-admiral)
Corps Commander
Комкор
(Komkor)
Lieutenant General
and
Vice Admiral
Ukraine-army-collar-1917-1920 01.gif
Ensign General
Генерал-хорунжий
(Heneral-Khorunzhiy)
Counter-Admiral
Контр-адмірал
(Kontr-admiral)
Platoon General
Генерал-чотар
(Heneral-chotar)
Counter-Admiral
Контр-адмірал
(Kontr-admiral)
Division Commander
Комдив
(Komdiv)
Major General
and
Rear Admiral (upper half)
Ensign General
Генерал-хорунжий
(Heneral-Khorunzhiy)
Brigade Commander
Комбриг
(Kombrig)
Brigadier General
and
Rear Admiral (lower half)
Mace Officers
Булавна старшина
Bulawa Starshina
Ukraine-army-collar-1917-1920 04.gif
Colonel
Полковник
(Polkovnyk)
Captain, 1st rank
Капітан 1-го рангу
(Kapitan 1-ho ranhu)
Colonel
Полковник
(Polkovnyk)
Colonel
Полковник
(Polkovnyk)
Captain-Lieutenant
Капітан-лейтенант
(Kapitan-leytenant)
Regiment Commander
or
Polkovnik
Комполка or Полковник
(Kompolka or Polkovnik)
Colonel
and
Captain
Ukraine-army-collar-1917-1920 05.gif
Sub-Colonel
Підполковник
(Pidpolkovnyk)
Captain, 2nd rank
Капітан 2-го рангу
(Kapitan 2-ho ranhu)
Sub-Colonel
Підполковник
(Pidpolkovnyk)
Sub-Colonel
Підполковник
(Pidpolkovnyk)
Battalion Commander
Комбат
(Kombat)
Lieutenant Colonel
and
Commander
Ataman
Отаман
(Otaman)
Major
Майор
(Mayor)
Battalion Commander Assistant
Помкомбат
(Pomkombat)
Major
and
Lieutenant Commander
Junior Officers

Молодша старшина
Junior Starshina
Ukraine-army-collar-1917-1920 06.gif
Centurion
Сотник
(Sotnyk)
Senior Lieutenant
Старший лейтенант
(Starshiy leytenant)
Centurion
Сотник
(Sotnyk)
Centurion
Сотник
(Sotnyk)
Senior Lieutenant
Старший лейтенант
(Starshiy leytenant)
Company Commander
Комроты
(Komroty)
Captain
and
Lieutenant
Ukraine-army-collar-1917-1920 07.gif
Lieutenant
Поручник
(Poruchyk)
Lieutenant
Поручник
(Poruchyk)
Lieutenant
Поручник
(Poruchyk)
Lieutenant
Лейтенант
(Leytenant)
Company Commander Assistant
Помкомроты
(Pomkomroty)
First Lieutenant
and
Lieutenant (junior grade)
Ukraine-army-collar-1917-1920 08.gif
Ensign
Хорунжий
(Khorunzhiy)
Lieutenant
Лейтенант
(Leytenant)
Chotar
Чотар
(Chotar)
Ensign
Хорунжий
(Khorunzhiy)
Junior Lieutenant
Молодший лейтенант
(Molodshiy leytenant)
Platoon Commander
Комвзвода
(Komvzvoda)
Second Lieutenant
and
Ensign
Ensign
Хорунжий
(Khorunzhiy)
Sub-Officers

Підстаршина
Sub-starshina
Ukraine-army-collar-1917-1920 09.gif
Sub-Ensign
Підхорунжий
(Pidkhorunzhiy)
Midshipman
Мічман
(Michman)
Sub-Ensign
Підхорунжий
(Pidkhorunzhiy)
Sub-Ensign
Підхорунжий
(Pidkhorunzhiy)
Sub-Ensign
Підхорунжий
(Pidkhorunzhiy)
Starshina
Старшина
(Starshina)
Sergeant major
Ukraine-army-collar-1917-1920 10.gif
Brigadier
Бунчужний
(Bunchuzhnyi)
Mace Senior Dean
Булавний старший десятник
(Bulavniy starshiy desiatnyk)
Bunchuzhniy
Бунчужний
(Bunchuzhniy)
First sergeant
Ukraine-army-collar-1917-1920 11.gif
Platoon Leader
Чотовий
(Chotovyi)
Senior Dean
Старший десятник
(Starshiy desiatnyk)
Platoon Leader
Чотовий
(Chotovyi)
Senior Dean
Старший десятник
(Starshiy desiatnyk)
Assistant of Platoon Commander
Помкомвзвода
(Pomkomvzvoda)
Sergeant first class
Ukraine-army-collar-1917-1920 12.gif
Squad Leader
Ройовий
(Royovyi)
Dean
Десятник
(Desiatnyk)
Squad Leader
Ройовий
(Royovyi)
Dean
Десятник
(Desiatnyk)
Squad Commander
Комот
(Komot)
Sergeant
Herald
Вістун
(Vistun)
Cossacks/Sailors/Privates
Козаки/Моряки/Рядовики
02 УНР 30-03-1920 Гурткoвий.svg
Team leader
Гуртковий
(Hurtkovyi)
Ship Garde-marine
Корабельний ґардемарин
(Korabelniy gardemaryn)
Senior Rifleman
or
Senior Strelet
Старший стрілець
(Starshiy strilets)
Senior Cossack
Старший козак
(Starshiy kozak)
Matrose-Herald
Матрос-вістун
(Matros-vistun)
Redarmyman
Красноармеец
(Krasnoarmeyets)
Private First Class
01 УНР 30-03-1920 Козак.svg
Cossack
Козак
(Kozak)
Rifleman or Strelet
Стрілець
(Strilets)
Cossack
Козак
(Kozak)
Matrose
Матрос
(Matros)
Private

Modern Ukraine[edit]

The independent Ukraine inherited the ranks of the Soviet Union. But there were some changes. The rank of "Єфрейтор" (Efreitor) was changed to the "Senior soldier" and the rank of Private was changed to the "Soldier". Also, Marshall ranks and the Category of Praporshchyks/Midshipmen were abolished.

New insignia of 2009[edit]

The first graduates of the Training Centre for Sergeants of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in Kharkiv at once became the first professional sergeants, who clothed shoulder straps with a fundamentally new insignia.[3]

The new insignia of the Ground forces and the Air Force of Ukraine
(from General of the Army to Senior Soldier)
The new insignia of the Ukrainian Naval Force
(from Admiral to Junior Lieutenant)
New Military ranks of Ukraine.jpg
New Naval ranks of Ukraine.jpg

This innovation is aimed at the NATO standards. Until 2009, Ukrainian soldiers used a military rank insignia of the Soviet model. Before the innovation, for example, a Ukrainian Major General could be confused with an ordinary Major, as they both had only one star on the Soviet straps. The new straps of Major General have two stars, like in the most NATO countries.[4] Also, the new system of military insignia makes possible to introduce new ranks, such as Brigade General and new types of Sergeant. New straps of generals have crossed maces (bulawas), which are kleinods (regalia) of Hetman, Colonel and Otaman of the Host.

Sergeant Major (the post of Chief Sergeant)[edit]

Chief Sergeant of a branch of the armed forces is a projected post in Ukraine. The Chief Sergeant is a person who know almost all issues what relate to non-commissioned officers. Therefore, the Chief Sergeant of a branch of the armed forces may be adviser to the head of the appropriate level - for example, the Commander of Land Forces of Ukraine. Now, the Ministry of Defence is working to change the statute and, possibly, the new post will be introduced in three or four years.[5] In Airmobile units there is also posts of Chief Sergeant of the Division and Chief Sergeant of the Brigade.

See also[edit]

References[edit]