Military ranks of the Philippines

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The following list presents the ranks and insignia of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, one of Asia's oldest armed services.

Introduction[edit]

The current Philippine military ranks are inspired partially by the very first military insignia used by the military forces during the Philippine Revolution of 1896 and the Philippine–American War, and the insignia used by the Philippine Constabulary raised in 1902 during the final days of the Philippine–American War. The ranks used by these forces were designed by Americans under the tutelage of Captain Henry T. Allen, the "father of the Philippine Constabulary". The original Philippine military ranks are those actually worn by the Philippine Revolutionary Army, the nemesis of the Philippine Constabulary. The Philippine Constabulary is one of the predecessors of the present day Armed Forces of the Philippines. Elements of both the US army ranks and the old Philippine Army appear in the current ranks; this was reflected at the general officers insignia and enlisted ranks that resembled those of the US military, the field officers [like colonels], whose insignia are suns, use those insignia used by general officers of the Revolutionary Army. Company rank insignia[i.e. captain], consisting of a silver triangle, are a recent creation. Both company grade and field grade officer insignia have the baybayin letter ka (K) in the middle, another throwback to the days of the war for independence, and even in the medal used by second-level members of the Katipunan during meetings, in which the letter is in the center.

Revolutionary Army ranks[edit]

These were the ranks used from late 1896 to 1898. Ranks were then wore on the sleeves of all uniforms. New rank insignia for the nascent army were created in late 1898.

Officer ranks[edit]

Revolutionary Army ranks Filipino Name Spanish Name Sleeve insignia
Minister
Marshal
Ministro Mariscal Ministro.jpg
Captain General Kapitan Heneral Capitán general Kapitan Heneral.jpg
Lieutenant General Tenyente Heneral Teniente General Tenyente Heneral.jpg
Major General Magat Heneral General de Division Gial de Dvision.jpg
Brigadier General Brigadyer Heneral General de Brigada Gial de Brigada.jpg
Colonel Koronel Coronel Koronel.jpg
Lieutenant Colonel Tiniente Koronel Teniente Coronel Tiniente Koronel.jpg
Major Komandante Comandante Kumandante.jpg
Captain Kapitan Capitan Kapitan (Pilipinas).jpg
Lieutenant Tiniente Alferez Philippine Revolutionary Army rank.jpg

Revolutionary Army enlisted ranks[edit]

Air force ranks Filipino Name Spanish Name Collar insignia Sleeve insignia
Sergeant Sarhento Sargento Sarhento.jpg
Corporal Kabo Cabo OOOOOO.jpg

Army and Marine Corps ranks[edit]

These are the ranks used by the Philippine Army and Philippine Marine Corps. For officers, Army shoulder insignia are in green on duty dresses and blue and gold on full dresses and Marine Corps shoulder insignia, dark blue on all uniforms. General officer epaulettes are gold on the full dress and in the service color in the duty and everyday dress uniforms.

Officer ranks[edit]

Ground forces ranks Tagalog Name Spanish Name Battledress collar insignia
(Army and Marines)
Army Shoulder insignia
(Full dress)
Army Shoulder insignia
(Service dress)
Marine Corps insignia
(Full-shoulder and service-collar dress)
General Heneral General
PHIL ARMY GEN WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY GEN FD-Sh.svg
PHIL ARMY GEN FD-Sh.svg
Lieutenant General Tenyente Heneral Teniente General
PHIL ARMY LTGEN WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY LTGEN FD-Sh.svg
PHIL ARMY LTGEN FD-Sh.svg
Major General Magat Heneral General de Division
PHIL ARMY MGEN WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY MGEN FD-Sh.svg
PHIL ARMY MGEN FD-Sh.svg
Brigadier General Brigadyer Heneral General de Brigada
PHIL ARMY BGEN WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY BGEN FD-Sh.svg
PHIL ARMY BGEN FD-Sh.svg
Colonel Lakan Coronel
PHIL ARMY COL WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY COL FD-Sh.svg
PHIL ARMY COL FD-Sh.svg
Lieutenant Colonel Kalakan Teniente Coronel
PHIL ARMY LTC WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY LTC FD-Sh.svg
PHIL ARMY LTC FD-Sh.svg
Major Magat Comandante
PHIL ARMY MAJ WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY MAJ FD-Sh.svg
PHIL ARMY MAJ FD-Sh.svg
Captain Kamagat Capitan
PHIL ARMY CPT WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY CPT FD-Sh.svg
PHIL ARMY CPT FD-Sh.svg
First Lieutenant Pulimagat Teniente
PHIL ARMY 1LT WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY 1LT FD-Sh.svg
PHIL ARMY 1LT FD-Sh.svg
Second Lieutenant Himagat Alferez
PHIL ARMY 2LT WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY 2LT FD-Sh.svg
PHIL ARMY 2LT FD-Sh.svg

Enlisted Ranks[edit]

Army enlisted ranks are in green while those of the Marines are in red with yellow piping. While the Army's enlisted rank insignia are similar to those used by the United States Army in the First World War (without the curve), those used by the Philippine Marine Corps today mirror those used by the United States Marine Corps but with a difference: Master Sergeants and above have special insignia in the chevrons.

Ground forces ranks Tagalog Name Spanish Name Collar and sleeve insignia (Army) Collar and sleeve insignia (Marine Corps)
First Chief Master Sergeant Unang Tsip Master Sarhento Sargento Maestre Jefe de Primera
Chief Master Sergeant Tsip Master Sarhento Sargento Maestre Jefe
PHIL ARMY CMSG WOODLAND.svg
Philippine Marine Corps Chief Master Sergeant Rank Insignia - Designated as Command Sergeant Major.jpg
Senior Master Sergeant Senyor Master Sarhento Sargento Maestre Mayor
PHIL ARMY SMSG WOODLAND.svg
Philippine Marine Corps Senior Master Sergeant Rank Insignia - designated as Command Sergeant Major.jpg
Master Sergeant Master Sarhento Sargento Maestre
PHIL ARMY MSG WOODLAND.svg
Philippine Marine Corps Master Sergeant Rank Insignia - designated as Command Sergeant Major.jpg
Technical Sergeant Sargento Técnico
PHIL ARMY TSG WOODLAND.svg
Philippine Marine Corps Technical Sergeant Rank Insignia.jpg
Staff Sergeant Sargento del Personal
PHIL ARMY SSG WOODLAND.svg
Philippine Marine Corps Staff Sergeant Rank Insignia.jpg
Sergeant Sarhento Sargento
PHIL ARMY SGT WOODLAND.svg
Philippine Marine Corps Sergeant Rank Insignia.jpg
Corporal Kabo Cabo
PHIL ARMY CPL WOODLAND.svg
Philippine Marine Corps Corporal Rank Insignia.jpg
Private First Class Praybayt ng Unang Klase Soldado de primera
PHIL ARMY PFC WOODLAND.svg
Philippine Marine Corps Private First Class Rank Insignia.jpg
Private Praybayt Soldado
PHIL ARMY PVT WOODLAND.svg
Philippine Marine Corps Private Rank Insignia.jpg

The top FCMS of the Army or the Marines holds the Command Sergeant Major of the Armed Forces of the Philippines appointment.

Air Force ranks[edit]

These are the ranks used by the Philippine Air Force. Officer ranks are in air force blue on all shoulder board epaulettes in all uniforms (general officers use gold epaulettes on the full dress only) while enlisted sleeve insignia, formerly on raised chevrons, now uses inverted air force blue chevrons increasing by rank, using the air force roundel.

Officer ranks[edit]

Air force ranks Filipino Name Spanish Name Collar insignia (Battledress) Shoulder insignia (Full dress) Shoulder insignia (Everyday/working dress)
General Heneral General
PHIL ARMY GEN WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY GEN FD-Sh.svg
Lieutenant General Tenyente Heneral Teniente General
PHIL ARMY LTGEN WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY LTGEN FD-Sh.svg
Major General Magat Heneral General de Division
PHIL ARMY MGEN WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY MGEN FD-Sh.svg
Brigadier General Brigadyer Heneral General de Brigada
PHIL ARMY BGEN WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY BGEN FD-Sh.svg
Colonel Lakan Coronel
PHIL ARMY COL WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY COL FD-Sh.svg
Lieutenant Colonel Kalakan Teniente Coronel
PHIL ARMY LTC WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY LTC FD-Sh.svg
Major Magat Comandante
PHIL ARMY MAJ WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY MAJ FD-Sh.svg
Captain Kamagat Capitan
PHIL ARMY CPT WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY CPT FD-Sh.svg
First Lieutenant Pulimagat Teniente
PHIL ARMY 1LT WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY 1LT FD-Sh.svg
Second Lieutenant Himagat Alferez
PHIL ARMY 2LT WOODLAND.svg
PHIL ARMY 2LT FD-Sh.svg

Air force enlisted ranks[edit]

Air force ranks Spanish Name Battledress collar insignia Service sleeve insignia
First Chief Master Sergeant Sargento Maestre Jefe de Primera
Chief Master Sergeant Sargento Maestre Jefe
PAF CMSG WOODLAND.svg
PAF CMSG SL.svg
Senior Master Sergeant Sargento Maestre Mayor
PAF SMSG WOODLAND.svg
PAF SMSG SL.svg
Master Sergeant Sargento Maestre
PAF MSG WOODLAND.svg
PAF MSG SL.svg
Technical Sergeant Sargento Tecnico
PAF TSG WOODLAND.svg
PAF TSG SL.svg
Staff Sergeant Sargento de Estado Mayor
PAF SSG WOODLAND.svg
Sergeant Sargento
PAF SGT WOODLAND.svg
PAF SGT SL.svg
Airman First Class Avionero Primero
PAF A1C WOODLAND.svg
PAF A1C SL.svg
Airman Second Class Avionero Segundo
PAF A2C WOODLAND.svg
PAF A2C SL.svg
Airman Recruit Avionero Recluta
PAF AR WOODLAND.svg
PAF AR SL.svg

Air Force FCMSs are also eligible for the CSMAFP appointment.

Naval ranks and ratings[edit]

These are the ranks and ratings used in the Philippine Navy. All officer insignia use both the United States Navy officer rank insignia system (using a sun instead of the five pointed star or staff corps insignia) and normal AFP rank insignia in the shoulders of the dress and duty whites, on the collars of the khaki uniforms (for officers and CPOs), and on the sleeves of the dress blues. NCO ratings, in raised chevrons increasing by rating, are in dark blue on all uniform sleeves, sleeves of the dungaree uniforms (for lower ranked NCOs and Seamen) and also on dark blue shoulder epaulettes only for senior ratings, which also wear collar insignia in almost all uniforms including the khaki uniform only used for CPOs and above. Chevrons for ratings are similar to those used in the Army and the Marine Corps, with the speciality badge in the middle.

Naval officer ranks[edit]

Navy ranks Filipino name Spanish name Collar insignia (Khaki dress) Shoulder insignia (Full dress) Shoulder insignia (Duty dress) Shoulder insignia (Everyday/working dress) Sleeve insignia
Admiral Admiral Almirante
PHIL ARMY GEN FD-Sh.svg
Vice Admiral Vicealmirante
PHIL ARMY LTGEN FD-Sh.svg
Rear Admiral Contraalmirante
PHIL ARMY MGEN FD-Sh.svg
Commodore Komodor Comodoro
PHIL ARMY BGEN FD-Sh.svg
Captain Kapitan Capitan
PHIL ARMY COL FD-Sh.svg
Commander Kumander Comandante
PHIL ARMY LTC FD-Sh.svg
Lieutenant Commander Tinyente Kumandante Teniente Comandante
PHIL ARMY MAJ FD-Sh.svg
Lieutenant (senior grade) Tinyente Teniente de Navio
PHIL ARMY CPT FD-Sh.svg
Lieutenant (junior grade) Tinyente (Mababang baitang) Teniente de Fragata
PHIL ARMY 1LT FD-Sh.svg
Ensign Alperes Alférez de Navio
PHIL ARMY 2LT FD-Sh.svg

Naval enlisted ratings[edit]

Naval enlisted ratings Filipino name Spanish name Collar insignia Sleeve insignia Shoulder insignia (for senior rank holders only)
First Master Chief Petty Officer Maestre Contramaestre Jefe de Primera
Master Chief Petty Officer Maestre Contramaestre Jefe
Philippine Navy Master Chief Petty Officer Rank Insignia.jpg
Senior Chief Petty Officer Contramaestre Jefe Mayor
Philippine Navy Senior Chief Petty Officer Rank Insignia.jpg
Chief Petty Officer Contramaestre Jefe
Philippine Navy Chief Petty Officer Rank Insignia.jpg
Petty officer, first class Contramaestre de Primera
Philippine Navy Petty Officer 1st Class Rank Insignia.jpg
All petty officers and seamen of the Navy sport NO shoulder insignia.
Petty officer, second class Contramaestre de Segunda
Philippine Navy Petty Officer 2nd Class Rank Insignia.jpg
Petty officer, third class Contramaestre de Tercera
Philippine Navy Petty Officer 3rd Class Rank Insignia.jpg
Seaman First Class Marinero de Primera
Philippine Navy Seaman Rank Insignia.jpg
Seaman Second Class Marinero de Segunda
Philippine Navy Seaman Apprentice Rank Insignia.jpg
Seaman Marinero
Philippine Navy Seaman Recruit Rank Insignia.jpg

See also[edit]