Military ranks of the Swedish Armed Forces

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Military ranks of the Swedish Armed Forces shows the rank system used in the Swedish Armed Forces today, as well as changes during the 20th century due to changes in the personnel structure.

Relative rank and grade[edit]

Relative rank and grade as used in the Swedish Armed Forces are shown below.

OF
(Officer Ranks)
Other Ranks
(Specialistofficerare)
OF-9 (General, Amiral)
OF-8 (Generallöjtnant, Viceamiral)
OF-7 (Generalmajor, Konterameral)
OF-6 (Brigadgeneral, Flottiljamiral)
OF-5 (Överste, Kommendör)
OF-4 (Överstelöjtnant, Kommendörkapten)
  OR-9 (Regements-/Flottiljförvaltare)
OF-3 (Major, Örlogskapten)  
OF-2 (Kapten)
  OR-8 (Förvaltare)
OF-1 (Löjtnant)
  OR-7 (Fanjunkare, Flagg- styrman,konstapel,maskinist)
OF-1 (Fänrik)  
  OR-6 (Förste Sergeant, Förste- styrman,konstapel,maskinist)
GSS - Squad leaders, soldiers and seamen
OR-5 (Sergeant)
OR-4 (Korpral)
OR-3 (Vice korpral)
OR-2 (Menig 1kl)
OR-1 (Menig)


Distribution of personnel vs ranks[edit]

Since the end of the Cold War, Sweden has gradually abolished the mass-mobilization system based on national service and universal military training of all young males, through a system of selective draft of an increasingly lower proportion of available manpower, to a system based on volunteer enlistment. Concomitantly a large reduction of forces and capabilities has occurred, as well as a substantial increase of participation in "hot" international operations. Reflecting these new conditions a new personnel structure was introduced in 2009 (see historical section below), emphasizing junior leadership and specialist competence through the re-creation of a NCO Corps. As a result, there is a large surplus of older soldiers of officer rank that either will have to be phased out through early retirement or converted into non-commissioned officers.

Personnel[1] [2] [3] [4]
Officers, including reserve officers 2009[1] 2010[2] 2011[3] 2012[4]6
OF-9 General / Admiral 2 2 3 1 3 1
OF-7 - OF-8 Maj, General / Rear Admiral, Lt. General / Vice Admiral 40 43 21 20
OF-6 Brigadier General / Rear Admiral LH 85 86 46 47
OF-5 Colonel / Captain (N) 268 263 192 187
OF-4 Lieutenant Colonel / Commander 1,174 1,217 1,183 1,181
OF-3 Major / Lieutenant Commander 3,053 2,891 2,725 2,667
OF-2 Captain / Lieutenant (N) 7,586 7,433 7,026 6,936
OF-1 Lieutenant / Sub Lieutenant 5,652 5,428 5,093 4,981
OF-1 Second Lieutenant / Acting Sub Lieutenant 571 749 810 785
OR-9 Regimental Sergeant Major / Command Master Chief Petty Officer 0 0 0 0
OR-8 Sergeant Major / Master Chief Petty Officer ' 0 0 2 5
OR-7 Colour Sergeant 21 8 1 6
OR-6 First Sergeant 260 89+(427) 334 531
OF-OR Other officers 74 146
Total number of officers 18,712 18,636 17,508 17,494
GSS - Soldiers, seamen, specialists and squad leaders 4
OR-5 Sergeant 7705 9095 3072 3222
1,637 3 4,148 3
OR-4 Corporal
OR-3 Lance Corporal
OR-2 Private 1st class
OR-1 Private
Total number of soldiers, seamen, specialists and squad leaders 770 909 1,637 4,148
1 The King of Sweden, the supreme commander, and the former supreme commander serving in the EU as general, retaining his Swedish rank of general.
2 Sergeant (OR5) is a GSS rank, but the number is included in the table for professional officers in the annual report.
3 The annualized sum of all GSS personnel, including readiness personnel (beredskaps BSA) 607, augmentees (förstärknings FS) 477 and personnel abroad (US) 555. Disclaimer: Personnel serving abroad (US) may also consist of former professional officers serving in officer ranks. It is not clear whether the number also includes sergeants (OR5), which are recorded separately in the table "professional officers" of the annual report. Thus, the number could as well be 1,637 - 307 = 1,337.
4 This constitute the number of GSS/K, continuously serving personnel. GSS/T (reserve personnel serving some days a year) is an emerging category personnel that was not possible to measure at the time the annual report was published.
5 The sum of all personnel between OR1 and OR5, including readiness personnel (beredskaps BSA), augmentees (förstärknings FS) and personnel serving abroad (US). Disclaimer: Personnel serving abroad (US) may also consist of former professional officers serving in officer ranks.
6 This includes officers serving at times (T) as of the annual report for 2011.
Officer candidates[1][2]
Officer candidates who graduate as Fanrik 2010 107
Officer candidates who graduate as Fanrik 2011 117
Officer candidates who graduate as Fanrik 2012 163
S-Officer candidates who graduate as First Sergeant 2010 317
Total officer candidates 704


Ranks and insignias[edit]

The table below shows ranks according to seniority, with the most senior to the right. OF denotes officers, OR other ranks (as per STANAG 2116). Those ranks were ratified by the supreme commander on October 24, 2008, and became effective as of January 1, 2009.[5] Military ranks of (primarily) Great Britain have been used as a basis for harmonization with NATO.

Army
and
Amphibious
Corps
Soldiers Specialist Officers (NCO) Officers
OR-1 OR-2 OR-3 OR-4 OR-5 OR-6 OR-7 OR-8 OR-9 OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8 OF-9
SWE-mössmärke-brunt.svg SWE-mössmärke-vit.svg SWE-mössmärke-vit.svg SWE-mössmärke-vit.svg SWE-mössmärke-vit.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg
Branch
insignia1
SWE-Vicekorpral.svg SWE-Kadett1.svg SWE-Kadett2.svg SWE-Kadett3.svg SWE-Sergeant.svg SWE-Fanjunkare.svg SWE-Förvaltare.svg SWE-Regementsförvaltare.svg SWE-Fänrik.svg SWE-Löjtnant.svg SWE-Kapten.svg SWE-major.svg SWE-överstelöjtnant.svg SWE-överste.svg SWE-Brigadgeneral-svart.png SWE-Generalmajor-sv.png SWE-Generallöjtnant-sv.png SWE-General-sv.png
Menig Menig 1kl2 Vicekorpral Korpral Sergeant Förste sergeant Fanjunkare Förvaltare Regements-
förvaltare
Fänrik Löjtnant Kapten Major Överste-
löjtnant
Överste Brigad-
general
General-
major
General-
löjtnant
General
Navy Seamen Specialist Officers (NCO) Officers
OR-1 OR-2 OR-3 OR-4 OR-5 OR-6 OR-7 OR-8 OR-9 OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8 OF-9
SWE-Navy-0bar.svg SWE-Navy-1bar.svg SWE-Navy-Kadett1.svg SWE-Navy-Kadett2.svg SWE-Navy-Kadett3.svg SWE-Navy-1StripesB.svg SWE-Navy-2Stripes.svg SWE-Navy-3Stripes.svg SWE-Navy-4Stripes.svg SWE-NavyOF1a.svg SWE-NavyOF1b.svg SWE-NavyOF2.svg SWE-NavyOF3.svg SWE-NavyOF4.svg SWE-NavyOF5.svg SWE-NavyOF6.svg SWE-NavyOF7.svg SWE-NavyOF8.svg SWE-NavyOF9.svg
Sjöman Sjöman 1kl2 Vicekorpral Korpral Sergeant Förste
-styrman,
-konstapel,
-maskinist
Flagg-
styrman,
konstapel,
maskinist
Förvaltare Flottilj
förvaltare
Fänrik Löjtnant Kapten Örlogskapten' Komendör-
kapten
Komendör Flotilj-
amiral
Konter-
amiral
Viceamiral Amiral
Air
force
Airmen Specialist Officers (NCO) Officers
OR-1 OR-2 OR-3 OR-4 OR-5 OR-6 OR-7 OR-8 OR-9 OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8 OF-9
SWE-Airforce-0bar.png SWE-Airforce-1bar.png SWE-Airforce-1UpArrow.png SWE-Airforce-2Uparrow.png SWE-Airforce-3Uparrow.png SWE-Airforce-1Stripes.png SWE-Airforce-2Stripes.png SWE-Airforce-3Stripes.png SWE-Airforce-4Stripes.png SWE-Airforce-fänrik.png SWE-Airforce-löjtnant.png SWE-Airforce-kapten.png SWE-Airforce-major.png SWE-Airforce-överstelöjtnant.png SWE-Airforce-överste.png
Menig Menig 1kl2 Vicekorpral Korpral Sergeant Förste sergeant Fanjunkare Förvaltare Flottilj-
förvaltare
Fänrik Löjtnant Kapten Major Överste-
löjtnant
Överste Brigad-
general
General-
major
General-
löjtnant
General
Officer Trainees
Officer Cadets
OR-2 OR-3 OR-4 OR-5
SWE-mössmärke-vit.svg SWE-mössmärke-vit.svg SWE-mössmärke-vit.svg
SWE-Vicekorpral.svg SWE-Kadett1.svg SWE-Kadett2.svg SWE-Kadett3.svg
Officer Candidate First Year Second Year Third Year
Home
Guard
Home Guard Soldiers
OR-1 OR-2 OR-4 OR-5 OR-6 OR-7 OF-1 OF-2 OF-3
SWE-mössmärke-brunt.svg SWE-mössmärke-vit.svg SWE-mössmärke-vit.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg SWE-mössmärke-blått.svg
NationalHomeGuard.png SWE-Vicekorpral.svg SWE-Kadett2.svg SWE-Kadett3.svg SWE-Sergeant.svg SWE-Fanjunkare.svg SWE-Fänrik.svg SWE-Löjtnant.svg SWE-Kapten.svg SWE-major.svg
Menig Menig 1kl Korpral Sergeant Förste sergeant Fanjunkare Fänrik Löjtnant Kapten Major
1 Menig wear branch insignia (see table below).
2 Menig 1kl are given one additional bar/stripe after 3, 5 and 7 years of service (see table below) without advancement in rank, seniority and skill level. Therefore, insignias with more than one stripe are out of the scope of the rank table and hence put separately.
Branch insignias
Infantry Cavalry Artillery Armored Air-Defense Engineering Signal Supply Amphibious
SWE-Army-infantry.svg SWE-AmphibiousCorps CollarInsignia.png
Years in service insignias for Menig 1kl
Army, Amphibious Corps Navy Air force
SWE-Vicekorpral.svg SWE-Korpral.svg SWE-Furir.svg SWE-Överfurir.svg SWE-Navy-1bar.svg SWE-Navy-2bar.svg SWE-Navy-3bar.svg SWE-Navy-4bar.svg SWE-Airforce-1bar.png SWE-Airforce-2bar.png SWE-Airforce-3bar.png SWE-Airforce-4bar.png


Translation to English[edit]

This table shows the official translations[6] of the Swedish ranks and their abbreviations.

Translation of OR, Other Ranks to English
Code Swedish Rank Army Navy Amphibious Corps Airforce
OR-1 Menig Private Pte Seaman S Marine M Airman Amn
OR-2 Menig 1.kl Private First Class PFC Seaman First Class SFC Marine First Class MFC Airman First Class AFC
OR-3 Vicekorpral Lance Corporal LCpl Able Seaman AS Lance Corporal LCpl Senior Airman SrA
OR-4 Korpral Corporal Cpl Able Seaman First Class ASFC Corporal Cpl Corporal Cpl
OR-5 Sergeant Sergeant Sgt Leading Seaman LS Sergeant Sgt Sergeant Sgt
OR-6 1:e Sergeant
1:e Styrman1
1:e Konstapel1
1:e Maskinist1
Sergeant First Class SgtFC Petty Officer PO Sergeant First Class SgtFC Sergeant First Class SgtFC
OR-7 Fanjunkare
Flaggstyrman1
Flaggkonstapel1
Flaggmaskinist1
Colour Sergeant CSgt Chief Petty Officer CPO Colour Sergeant CSgt Colour Sergeant CSgt
OR-8 Förvaltare Sergeant Major WO2 Master Chief Petty Officer WO Sergeant Major WO2 Sergeant Major WO2
OR-9 Regementsförvaltare
Flottiljförvaltare2
Regimental Sergeant Major WO1 Chief Warrant Officer CWO Regimental Sergeant Major WO1 Wing Sergeant Major WO1
Translation of OF, Officer Ranks to English
Code Swedish Rank Army Navy Amphibious Corps Airforce
OF-1 Fänrik Second Lieutenant 2Lt Acting Sub-Lieutenant ASLt Second Lieutenant 2Lt Second Lieutenant 2Lt
OF-1 Löjtnant Lieutenant Lt Sub-Lieutenant SLt Lieutenant Lt Lieutenant Lt
OF-2 Kapten Captain Capt Lieutenant (N)3 Lt (N)3 Captain Capt Captain Capt
OF-3 Major
Örlogskapten1
Major Maj Lieutenant Commander LtCdr Major Maj Major Maj
OF-4 Överstelöjtnant
Kommendörkapten1
Lieutenant Colonel LtCol Commander Cdr Lieutenant Colonel LtCol Lieutenant Colonel LtCol
OF-5 Överste
Kommendör1
Colonel Col Captain (N)3 Capt (N)3 Colonel Col Colonel Col
OF-6 Brigadgeneral
Flottiljamiral1
Brigadier General BGen Rear Admiral
(lower half)
RAdm (LH) Brigadier General BGen Brigadier General BGen
OF-7 Generalmajor
Konteramiral1
Major General MajGen Rear Admiral RAdm Major General MajGen Major General MajGen
OF-8 Generallöjtnant
Viceamiral1
Lieutenant General LtGen Vice Admiral VAdm Lieutenant General LtGen Lieutenant General LtGen
OF-9 General
Amiral1
General Gen Admiral Adm General Gen General Gen
1 used in the Navy.
2 used in the Navy and Air Force.
3 for clarification of ranks, personnel in Navy appends (N) after rank or abbreviation.


Historic ranks[edit]

Ranks between 1983 and 2009[edit]

National Servicemen
Värnpliktiga
National Service Officers
Värnpliktsofficerare
Professional Officers (one-track officer system)
Yrkesofficerare (enhetsbefäl)
Army SWE-Army-infantry.svg SWE-Furir.svg SWE-Sergeant.svg SWE-Fänrik.svg SWE-Löjtnant.svg SWE-Kapten.svg SWE-major.svg SWE-överstelöjtnant.svg SWE-överste.svg SWE-överste1.svg SWE-Brigadgeneral.png SWE-Generalmajor.png SWE-Generallöjtnant.png SWE-General.png
Trainee
ranks
Menig3
SWE-Korpral.svg
Korpral
Furir
SWE-Kadett1.svg
Kadett SO1
Sergeant
SWE-Kadett2.svgSWE-Kadett3.svg
Kadett OHS2 1st,2nd year
Fänrik Löjtnant Kapten Major Överste-
löjtnant
Överste Överste 1gr Brigad-
general
General-
major
General-
löjtnant
General
  • (1) Specialist school where aspirants graduate as Sergeant (Specialist Officer) (year 2008)
  • (2) Military Academy, cadets graduate as Fänrik
  • (3) Privates wear insignia of branch. In this case the infantry.


Ranks between 1972 and 1983[edit]

National Servicemen (Värnpliktiga) National Service Officers (Värnpliktsofficerare)
Platoon Officers
(Plutonsofficerare NCO)
Company Officers
(Kompaniofficerare Limited Duty Officers)
Regimental Officers (Regementsofficerare Officers)
Regular
ranks
SWE-Furir.svg SWE-Överfurir.svg SWE-Sergeant.svg SWE-Fanjunkare.svg SWE-Fänrik.svg SWE-Löjtnant.svg SWE-Kapten.svg SWE-major.svg SWE-överstelöjtnant.svg SWE-överste.svg SWE-överste1.svg SWE-Generalmajor.png SWE-Generallöjtnant.png SWE-General.png
Trainee
ranks
Menig
SWE-Korpral.svg
Korpral
Furir Överfurir
SWE-Kadett1.svg
Kadett1
Sergeant
SWE-Kadett2.svgSWE-Kadett3.svg
Kadett2-3
Fanjunkare Fänrik Löjtnant Kapten Major
Örlogs-
kapten
Överste-
löjtnant

Kommendör-
kapten
Överste
Kommendör
Överste
1gr
Kommendör
1gr
General-
major

Konter-
amiral
General-
löjtnant

Viceamiral
General
Amiral


Ranks before 1972[edit]

National Servicemen (Värnpliktiga) National Service W.O. (Värnpliktiga underofficerare) National Service Officers (Värnpliktiga officerare)
Underbefäl (NCO) Underofficerare (Warrant Officers) Officerare (Commissioned Officers)
Regular
ranks
SWE-Korpral.svg SWE-Furir.svg SWE-Överfurir.svg SWE-Rustmastare.svg SWE-Sergeant.svg SWE-Fanjunkare.svg SWE-Förvaltare.svg SWE-Fänrik.svg SWE-Löjtnant.svg SWE-Kapten.svg SWE-major.svg SWE-överstelöjtnant.svg SWE-överste.svg SWE-Brigadgeneral.png SWE-Generalmajor.png SWE-Generallöjtnant.png
Trainee
ranks
Menig
SWE-Vicekorpral.svg
Vicekorpral
Korpral Furir Överfurir Rustmästare Sergeant
SWE-Kadett2.svgSWE-Kadett3.svg
Kadett1-2
Fanjunkare Förvaltare Fänrik Löjtnant Kapten Major
Örlogs-
kapten
Överste-
löjtnant

Komendör-
kapten
Överste
Komendör
General-
major

Konter-
amiral
General-
löjtnant

Viceamiral
General
Amiral


Note that the rank of Fältmarskalk (Field Marshal) was a de jure rank before the reform of 1972, even though it has not been used since 1824.[citation needed]

Historical perspective of relative rank and grade[edit]

When an army based on national service (conscription) was introduced in 1901 all commissioned officers had ranks that were senior to the warrant officers (underofficerare) and non-commissioned officers (underbefäl). In a reform 1926 the relative rank of the then senior warrant officer, fanjunkare, was increased to be equal with the junior officer rank underlöjtnant and above the most junior officer rank fänrik. In 1960 the relative rank of the warrant officers were elevated further so that

i. The lowest warrant officer, sergeant, had relative rank just below the lowest officer rank, fänrik.

ii. The second warrant officer rank, fanjunkare, had relative rank between fänrik and löjtnant.

iii. The highest warrant officer rank, förvaltare, had relative rank between first lieutenant and captain.

In 1972 the personnel structure changed, reflecting increased responsibilities of warrant and non-commissioned officers, renaming the underofficerare as kompaniofficerare, giving them the same ranks as company grade officers (fänrik, löjtnant, kapten). Underbefäl was renamed plutonsofficerare and given the rank titles of sergeant and fanjunkare, although their relative ranks were now placed below fänrik. The commissioned officers were renamed regementsofficerare, beginning with löjtnant. The three-track career system was maintained, as well as three separate messes.

A major change in the personnel structure in 1983 (NBO 1983), merged the three professional corps of platoon officers, company officers, and regimental officers into a one-track career system within a single corps called professional officers (yrkesofficerare). The three messes were also merged to one.

In 2008 the Swedish parliament decided to create a two-track career system with a category called specialistofficerare. When implementing the parliamentary resolution the Chief of Staff decided that some ranks in this category should, like the old underofficerare ranks in 1960-1972, have a relative rank higher than the most junior officers. The current relative ranks are shown in the table below. The one mess system is maintained.

References[edit]

  • Research: Ph.D. thesis in "War and the career system", Dagens Nyheter by Professor Mats Alvesson, researcher of military organization at Lunds University, and Karl Ydén at the University of Göteborg.[1]

External links[edit]