|Formation||21 September 1979|
|Type||Roman Catholic private association|
|Headquarters||Castello della Magione
|Count Dom. Marcello Alberto Cristofani della Magione|
The Militia Templi is a Roman Catholic private association of the faithful that celebrates its liturgy according to the traditional form in place in 1962, often referred to as the Tridentine Mass.
Founded by the Italian Count Marcello Alberto Cristofani della Magione under the authority of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Siena-Colle di Val d'Elsa-Montalcino, the Militia Templi's focus is knightly and monastic and members follow a modern adaptation of the Rule written by St. Bernard of Clairvaux for the medieval Knights Templar. The order makes no claims of direct descent from the old Knights Templar and holds that, when made, such self-styled claims are both historically and canonically false.
The Militia was formed civilly and with the approval of the local ordinary on September 21st, 1979. Its constitutions were approved on Sept. 8, 1988 by the Archbishop of Siena Mario Jsmaele Castellano. The next Archbishop, Gaetano Bonicelli approved the Rule of the Militia in 1990. The Cardinal Protectors of the Militia Templi were Silvio Oddi, Édouard Gagnon and Alfons Maria Stickler. The current Protector is the Right Reverend Phillip Lawrence,OSB, Abbot of the Benedictine Monastery of Christ in the Desert located in New Mexico, USA.
According to their constitutions, the Militia has both married and celibate members. Professed Knights consecrate themselves perpetually to the Militia with the investiture and the promise to observe the three classic evangelical counsels as well as the public testimony of faith (fourth promise). The knights have no particular apostolate or pastoral engagement other than public testimony of the Catholic Faith. They are obliged to live by their Rule and recite daily the Hours of the traditional Divine Office. Their members include several hundred Knights, 10 national preceptories, many local priorates and scout groups.
The order's Magistral See, or headquarters, is situated into the Castello della Magione. It is a former Templar compound that lies in the village of Poggibonsi in the Tuscany region of Italy. Built in the 11th century, the castle was donated by its owners; Gottifredo di Arnolfo and Arnolfino di Cristofano to the monks of the Saint Michael Abbey in Poggio Marturi who later bestowed it to the Templars for use as one of their numerous "Mansiones" or "Domus Templi" along the Via Francigena. After 1312 the “Castello della Magione” passed though many hands, including the Hospitallers and the Princess Corsini, until, in 1979 it was purchased by Count Marcello Alberto Cristofani della Magione the founder and current Grand Master of the Militia Templi. Attached to the castle is a church, also restored, with impressive Burgundian-Cistercian influence and is used daily by the order for the community recitation of Vespers and the celebration of the Tridentine Mass.
Symbol and habit
The symbol of the Militiae Templi is a red eight-pointed ("octagonal") cross, symbol of the Eight Beatitudes of the Gospel, while the symbol is a white flag with red octagonal cross. The cross is not to be confused with that of the medieval Knights Hospitaller, which is known as the Maltese Cross. The habit of the Professed Knights is white and consists of a tunic, a scapular with cowl and the octagonal red cross on the chest, and a mantle with the same cross on the left shoulder. Ladies wear a white mantle and a white veil with a donat's cross (without the top section). Chaplains are dressed with a white Mozzetta with red edge, red buttons and an octagonal red cross on the left front part. The Oblati (Knights and Ladies of Devotion) have a gray mantle with the red octagonal cross on the left shoulder.
Spread in the world
The Militia Templi through Preceptories or Magistral Legations, is currently present in the following countries: Italy, Australia, Austria, Canada, Germany, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Ireland, Poland, Romania, Spain, United States of America, Puerto Rico(1 Knight, 2 Novices), and Hungary.
- Ordine della Milizia del Tempio, Regola dei poveri Cavalieri di Cristo, Cancelleria Magistrale della Milizia del Tempio, Poggibonsi (Siena) 1992;
- Ordine della Milizia del Tempio, Sviluppo e Criteri di Sviluppo, Cancelleria Magistrale della Milizia del Tempio, Poggibonsi (Siena) 2006;
- AA.VV., I Templari: Mito e Storia. Atti del Convegno internazionale di studi della Magione Templare di Poggibonsi - Siena, 29-31 maggio 1987, Viti-Riccucci, Sinalunga (Siena) 1989;
- Giuseppe Mantelli, La Magione casa templare sulla via Francigena, La Magione dei Templari, Poggibonsi (Siena) 1990;
- Giancarlo Rocca, La restaurazione dei templari, in Guerrino Pelliccia e G. Rocca (diretto da), Dizionario degli Istituti di Perfezione, vol. IX, Paoline, Roma 1997, coll. 903-905;
- AA.VV., Kèter èv szerzetessège, vol. II, Dinasztia, Budapest 1998, pp. 1279-1282;
- Isidoro Palumbo (a cura di), La Milizia del Tempio, p.i.p., Bologna, 1990.